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Gun Violence

By Kashaf, Sofia, Peter, and Seyon
by

Kashaf Z

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Gun Violence

Conclusion The overall reduction of crime rates, deaths by gun violence, and childhood brain abnormalities due to experience with guns, lead to the conclusion that gun laws should be stricter. Introduction Gun Violence Gun violence is defined by the use of a firearm to threaten or inflict violence or harm.

Gun control is any law or policy designed to limit the production, sale or use of guns. It protects people from gun violence and the dangerous use of guns.

A recent study by the UN found that firearms cause an average 60% of all homicides (Romberg, 2003). Misconceptions/Interesting Facts about 11% of police shootings kill an innocent person compared to the 2% caused by citizen shootings (Smith, 2009)

licensing does not keep bad people from obtaining or using guns (Wyss, 2012)

the estimated total number of guns held by civilians in Canada is 9,950,000 ("Gun policy," 2012) Sociological Viewpoint Psychological Viewpoint a considerable percentage of people who are mentally ill kill innocent victims by the use of guns

it is hard to determine if someone has a mental condition

during registration/licensing, it is not considered what the mental health of the person trying to possess a gun is Anthropological Viewpoint Gun Laws in Canada Should Gun Laws Be More Strict? YES NO References Carter, G.L. (2002). Guns in American society: an encyclopedia of history, politics, culture, and the law. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. pp. 262.

Clark, H. (2012, December 24). Could the us learn from australia's gun-control laws?. Science Monitor. Retrieved from http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2012/1224/Could-the-US-learn-from-Australia-s-gun-control-laws/(page)/2

Ditchburn, J. (2012, December 18). Canadian gun laws: Weapons used in mass shootings still not prohibited.Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/12/18/canada-gun-laws-mass-shootings-semi-automatic_n_2325843.html

Garbarino, J. (2002). Mitigating the effects of gun violence on children and youth. Retrieved from http://futureofchildren.org/publications/journals/article/index.xml?journalid=42&articleid=166§ionid=1068

Gun policy. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.gunpolicy.org/firearms/region/canada

Mahony, T. (2011, October 26). Homicide in canada, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2011001/article/11561-eng.htm

Quan , D. (2012, November 02). A look inside gun smuggling, gun trafficking investigations reveals there’s ‘no typical profile’. . Retrieved from http://www.canada.com/look inside smuggling trafficking investigations reveals there typical profile/7491177/story.html

Romberg. (2003). "global burden of armed violence". Retrieved from http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Crime-statistics/Chapter4-Global-Burden-of-Armed-Violence-report.pdf

Smith, G. (2009). Hawaiiccw.com. Retrieved from http://www.gunfacts.info/pdfs/gun-facts/5.1/gun-facts-5.1-screen.pdf

Taylor, A. (2012, December 14). Why switzerland is a red-herring in the gun control debate. . Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/switzerlands-gun-laws-are-a-red-herring-2012-12

Wyss, J. (2012, December 26). Sandy hook shooting: How gun control myths cloud tragedies like the newtown attack. policymic. Retrieved from http://www.policymic.com/articles/20905/sandy-hook-shooting-how-gun-control-myths-cloud-tragedies-like-the-newtown-attack Gun Laws in Australia Gun Laws in Switzerland “if you build a better mouse trap, all you raise are smarter mice.” People should be educated about how to use a gun rather than making the laws stricter. Sofija, Seyon, Kashaf, Peter semi-automatics were banned in Australia in the wake of a 1996 mass murder in Tasmania (Clark, 2012)
following a murder in Port Arthur, Australia, former Prime Minister John Howard came up with new gun laws
650,000 rifles were handed into the government and destroyed
between 1995 and 2006, gun-related homicides dropped
Australia had 11 mass shooting in the decade before the Port murder, but following the law there were none (Clark, 2012) Canada abandoned the long-gun registry because it was very costly and had no benefits
still keeping a licensing system for owners and a registration system for handguns and (restricted) firearms (Ditchburn, 2012)
as of April 6, 2012, the registration of non-restricted firearms is no longer required in any province or territory, except for Quebec
certain types of handguns, rifles and firearms are prohibited in Canada
from 1977 to 2003 Canada firearm homicide has declined (Mahony, 2011)
shooting and stabbing represent the two most common mechanisms for homicide in Canada Switzerland has 4.5 million guns in a country of just 7.9 million people
gun related crime is remarkably low, with only 24 gun murders in 2009 — 0.3 gun homicides per 100,000 inhabitants (Taylor, 2012)
the nature of gun ownership in Switzerland is tied to the military
Switzerland has a very small standing army, and citizens are expected to act as militiamen should the country be invaded
Swiss males have to do three months of military training and many more regular refresher courses
majority of guns are army-issued (Taylor, 2012) Homicides, by sex of victim, Canada, 1980 to 2010 Intimate partner homicides, Canada, 1980 to 2010 “if you build a better mouse trap, all you raise are smarter mice.” People always find ways around laws if they are too strict. This only leads to more illegal behavior.

just like illegal drugs, guns that are prohibited will find there way into society and could potentially lead to more danger than guns legally provided

people who violate gun laws do it by using stolen guns

in the sandy hook massacre, legally purchased guns were stolen (this proves that gun laws don't stop criminals)

criminals will have the opportunity to break more laws and rebel if laws become stricter

criminals will feel like they have more power and will now shoot only for the purpose of going against laws to achieve that power “if you build a better mouse trap, all you raise are smarter mice.” It's not about gun control but rather how the guns are used.

people will find a way to kill if they need to

guns used by Adam Lanza in Newtown were all registered, yet that did nothing to stop him Homicides, Canada, 1961 to 2010 Gang-related homicides, Canada, 1991 to 2010 Homicides, by most common type of method, 1980 to 2010 Quiz 1. The most common method of homicide is?
a) Shooting
b) Stabbing
c) Beating
d) Strangling 2. What percentage of homicides are done by gun violence?
a) 50%
b) 60%
c) 40%
d) 70% 3. Innocent people are killed more by?
a) Citizens
b) Police
c) Psychopaths
d) Criminals 4. Will making the gun control laws more strict make things better?
a) Yes
b) No
c) It will satisfy the majority
d) crime rates will increase 5. what is the reason for gun control law?
a) to control the sale
b) limit production
c) protect people
d) help gun businesses Reduces deaths from violence.

in Canada, annual homicides total For 2009 is 610 and 173 are firearm (Gun) homicides

the annual suicide rate in 2006 was 3,512 and 586 were firearm (Gun) suicide ("Gun policy," 2012) Reduces crime rates

a Florida man was sentenced in July 2012 to 3 years in prison for smuggling 75 guns across the border in Coutts, Alberta (Quan, 2012)

as of Oct. 30, the number of guns seized along the border in 2012 had reached 500 nationwide, passing the total number seized in 2011 (473), 2010 (452), and 2009 (474) (Quan, 2012) Effects on human childhood.

exposure to gun violence can traumatize children and youth. Studies have documented that young people exposed to gun violence experience lasting emotional scars. Some children may develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can affect brain development (Garbarino, 2002)

young people who are exposed to gun violence may experience negative psychological impacts in both the short and long term. For example, a recent study of rural third- through eighth-graders indicated that children exposed to gun violence reported significantly higher levels of anger, withdrawal, and post traumatic stress (Garbarino, 2002) 6. True or False? Canada had abandoned long gun registry because it was costly.
7. True or False? Non-Restricted firearms need to be registered.
8. True or False? From 1977 to 2003 Canada’s gun homicide inclined.
9. True or False? Violent crime in Canada has dropped over the past two decades.
10. True or False? Gun Crime in Canada is much lower than Australia.
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