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personality disorders !

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Paola rodriguez

on 11 March 2014

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Transcript of personality disorders !

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Paranoia
personality disorder that is chronic and pervasive, characterized by disruptive patterns of thought , behavior, and function
Symptoms
chronic distrust and suspicion of others
feelings of being lied, exploited, or deceived
Believe that family, friends, and partner are untrustworthy
outbursts of anger due to deception
Characteristics: cold, jealous, secretive, serious..
Treatments
psychotherapy
psycho dynamic therapy
Medication (anti-psychotics)
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Causes
cause is unknown, environmental factors are believed to play a vital role in this disorder, as well as genes
Complications
inability to maintain relationships, jobs, and a healthy social life
Antisocial
Antisocial personality disorder is a type of chronic mental condition in which a person's ways of thinking, perceiving situations and relating to others are dysfunctional and destructive
Symptoms
acting out impulsively
aggressive, irritable
no empathy for others
manipulative, deceitful, reckless
Signs
drinking, fighting
abnormal child behavior (EX: setting things on fire, animal abuse)
Causes
Unknown, believed to be caused by social factors or genes.
Treatment
long term psychotherapy
Complications
violent
engage in risky behavior
substance abuse
social problems
schitzotypal
mental health condition in which a person has trouble with relationships and disturbances in thought patterns, appearance, and behavior.
Symptoms
inappropriate display of feelings
Abnormal beliefs, fantasies, or occupations
odd behavior, appearance, speech
Discomfort in social situations
Treatments
Talk therapy
social skills training
Medication
Causes
Unknown, genes are believed to be key in this disorder
s

patterns of disobedient and defiant behavior towards authority figures.

Oppositional defiant disorder
repeated temper tantrums
–excessive arguments with adults
–spiteful and seeking revenge
blaming others for own mistakes
–deliberately trying to upset or annoy others


Symptoms
biological, genetic, and environmental factors play a role
CAUSES
family therapy
psychotherapy
medication
Child's age and severity of symptoms play a role in what treatment they are given
TREATMENTS
set of ongoing emotional and behavioral problems that occur in childhood & teens
Conduct Disorder
Symptoms
Symptoms vary with age and on severity of disorder
Aggressive,
destructive,
violation of rules.
Irritability, low self esteem, and little remorse
Aggressive
deceitful
combination of biological, genetic, environmental, psychological, & social factors.


low self esteem, out cast, irritable, aggression, excessive lying, does not listen & hyperactive
Signs
Causes
Treatments
Talk Therapy
Medication
Schizoid personality disorder
This disorder is known by the lack of interest in social relations, and more of an interest solitary lifestyles. (secretive)

Signs
emotionally cold, there is little amount of emotional experience and expression
No close friends.
Difficulty relating to others.
Indifferent to praise or criticism.
Show little emotion very aloof.
Day dreamers.

very reclusive.
They make it so that in their everyday lives they avoid as much contact with others as possible.
Most cases of people with this disorder continue to live with their parents and never get married.
Little interest in activities even sex.

Symptoms
Treatments
they usually don't seek out treatment
psychotherapy


Complications
: personality disorder, schizophrenia or another delusional disorders (Major depression, Anxiety disorders)
Narcissist Personality Disorder
react to criticism with rage or shame.
take advantage of other people to achieve his or her own goals.
Symptoms
psychotherapy
People with this disorder rarely seek out treatment
Cognitive-behavioral therapy can also be used to eliminate destructive thinking and behavior patterns


Treatment

People with this disorder begin to abuse drugs/alcohol (way of coping)
Problems in work, school, and relationships may also occur.

exaggerated sense of one's own abilities/achievements.
Constant need for attention/affirmation/praise.
Belief that they are unique and should only associate with people of the same status.
Persistent fantasies about attaining success/power.
Exploiting other people for personal gain
A lack of empathy for others.
Signs
Complications
cause:unknown
The exact cause of histrionic personality disorder is not known, believe that both learned and inherited factors play a role in its development.
likely due to biological and genetic/social/psychological factors.
•genetic susceptibility for the disorder might be inherited.
Histrionic
Causes
Treatments
long-term psychotherapy with a therapist
Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling/debilitating symptoms.
Uncomfortable in situations in which he or she is not the center of attention
• Displays rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotions
• Shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion
wants to be the center of attention in any group of people
While often lively/interesting/dramatic, they have difficulty when people are not focused exclusively on them.
engage in sexually seductive or provocative behavior to draw attention to themselves.
Signs and Symptoms
Complications
affect social/romantic relationships
inability to cope with failures/frustration
constantly seeking exciting/new things
engage in risk behavior
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Signs/Symptoms
constant obsessive concern or fear
obsessive thoughts trigger a sensation of extreme anxiety
pattern of compulsive behaviors are adopted to relieve distress/anxiety
CAUSES
traumatic event
hereditary/genetic
communication issues with front/deeper structures of brain
Complications
Temporary relief and the obsession soon returns (the cycle repeats)
• Inability to attend work, school or social activities
• Troubled relationships/poor quality of life
• Anxiety disorders/Eating disorders
• Depression/Suicidal thoughts and behavior
• Alcohol/substance abuse
• Contact dermatitis from frequent hand washing
treatments
• Treatment varies based on severity of symptoms and functional impairment
• Mild functional impairment: short course of cognitive behavioral therapy
• Moderate functional impairment: more intensive course of cognitive behavioral therapy and a prescription for Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), a type of antidepressant drug.
• Seep Brain Simulation: For patients with severe OCD, electrical stimulation of a brain network may help rebalanced their emotional state, which in turn can make them more receptive to conventional therapy
• Ablation neurosurgery: small part of the limbic system in the brain is burned away using pulse of radiation or electric current

Mental illness which causes severe mood swings, behavior that is impulsive and severe doubts about self worth. Signs of this disorder usually appear in childhood.
Symptoms/signs
: Intense mood swings, Impulsive, Low self esteem, aggressive, feelings of emptiness, paranoid, Problems with being abandoned
Treatments
: Long term treatment, counseling & therapy and healthy habits such as eating healthy, getting good sleep etc. can reduce symptoms
Cause
: Unknown,can be due to social factors/genetics.
Complications
: Increasing in depression and can lead to self harm/Suicide

borderline personality disorder

Personality disorder in which a person feels shy, does not feel as though they fit in, and sensitive to any type of rejection
Symptoms/signs
: Easily hurt when criticized, Not social, painfully shy in social activities, see themselves as unappealing/anxious.
treatments
: Talk therapy helps to be less sensitive to rejection and Antidepressants drugs may be used as well
Cause:
Unknown.
Complications:
May lead to total isolation
Avoidant Personality disorder
Dependent Disorder
Causes:
Researches today have not found what causes this disorder. However, there are many theories.
Signs:
Pessimism and self-doubt, tend to belittle their abilities and assets, and may canstantly refer to themselves as "stupid"
Symptoms: -Diffuclty making decisions
-Has difficulty expressing disagreement with other
-Feels unconfortable or helpless when alone
-Urgently seeks another relationship
-Is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself or herself
Treatments:

Long-term psychotherapy
-Medications
Complications
:
Alcohol or drug abuse
-Depression
-Increased likelihood of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse

SHaggy& scooby ! theory states that shaggy&scooby are a clear representation of an individual suffering from paranoia
the joker is believed to parallel an individual suffering from schitzotypal disorder having
odd appearance/behavior/speech
abnormal belief in absolute anarchy
Bart Simpson's constant defiance and acting out has created a theory that he he posses oppositional defiant disorder
disruptive and non compliant behavior in his childhood & displays his emotions through bullying
Has trouble coping and cannot maintain friendships
theory states that Bell exhibits various signs of schizoid (PD)
all towns folk perceived her as abnormal
she rejected any man even the most desired Gaston
she preferred being alone to read


Fred Jones, Owl, and Bugs Bunny are a few characters with Narcissist personality disorder
believe they are better than everyone
fantasize about success, intellect, and attractiveness
exaggerate achievements and talents
Want to be the center of attention !
constantly draw attention to themselves
can be seen in Rabbit having uncontrollable actions such as cleaning and, basically, being a “neat freak
mood swings
impulsive behavior
painfully shy, takes rejection very personally and, often expresses his feelings of inadequacy
aggressive
irritable
Maipulative

SIGNS
: Pessimism and self-doubt, Tend to belittle their abilities and assets and may constantly refer to themselves as "stupid".

SYMPTOMS
: Diffuculty making decisions.
Assume responsibility for most major areas.
Difficulty expressing disagreements with others. Difficulty initiating projects. Goes to excessive lengths to receieve support from others. Feels uncomfortable when alone. Urgently seeks another relation. Unrealisticaly preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself/herself.
CAUSES
: Researchers today don't know what causes dependent disorder
always needed to be rescued from said kidnappings, and usually it was Fred to her rescue
depends on other to rescue her in particular fred
dependent personality disorder
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