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The Celtic Religion

By Carmila

Cam C

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of The Celtic Religion

The Celtic Religion By Carmila Chand Rituals & Sacred Spaces Influence & Meaning Influence on the Individual Influence on Society Search for Meaning Sacred Sites Druids Types of Rituals Seasonal Rituals Origins of the Universe Supernatural Powers & Deities Principal Beliefs Beliefs Cosmogony Different gods had different functions.
Gods lived in the "otherworld".
They lived on Earth in the past and became a god when they died.
Everything possessed a personality.
Lugas & Matrona. Samhain
Lughnasad The Druids were responsible for the religious practices and teachings of the Celts.
Preserved the knowledge of the gods.
Believed in reincarnation of the soul.
Responsible for animal & human sacrifices.
"Meditator between the morals and gods; they stand between the worlds".
Derived their magic powers and divinations from the "otherworld". Initiation
Healing & Restoration
Magic & Sacrifice Rock of Cashel
The Hill of Tara Continuation of beliefs
Celtic Christianity
Spiritual guidance & meaning Practices passed through stories, poetry, prayers and song and were remembered in rituals, customs and festival celebrations.
Knowledge about natural experiences. Rituals, festivals & celebrations The Ancient Celts 2000 - 50 BCE No written records Myths Freedom & Power to women "Celt" Hazel Tree of Life We have first of all Lir, an infinite being, neither spirit nor energy nor substance, but rather the spiritual form of these, in which all the divine powers, raised above themselves, exist in a mystic union or trance. This is the night of the gods from which Mananan first awakens, the most spiritual divinity known to the ancient Gael, being the Gaelic equivalent of that Spirit which breathed on the face of the waters. He is the root of existence from which springs the Sacred Hazel, the symbol of life ramifying everywhere: and the forms of this life are conceived first by Mananan, the divine imagination. It throws itself into seven forms or divinities, the branches of the Hazel; and these again break out endlessly into leaves and blossoms and fruit, into myriads of divine beings, the archetypes and ancestral begetters of those spirits who are the Children of Lir. "hidden" - The Candle of Vision
by AE (George William Russell)
[1918] Celtic Calender Apotropaic belief Spirits of nature The Coligny Calendar Power of protection Upper Realm Middle Realm Lower Realm Magh Findargat-The Plain of Silver which grants light and hope.

Magh Imchiunn-The Plain of Kindness which grants kindness and tenderness.

Magh Argetnel-The Plain of Clouds which contains the powers of the weather and grants and reveals mysteries.

Magh Mel-The Plain of Triumph which grants creativity and inspiration.

Magh Ildathach-The Plain of Many Colors which grants sights and senses.

Magh Airthech-The Plain of Bounty which grants all riches.

Magh Ionganaidh-The Plain of Miracles which grants miracles.

Magh Sen-The Plain of Ages granting beginnings and wisdom. East-granting prosperity and change.

South-granting poetry and music.

West-granting knowledge.

North-granting battle and resolve.

Center-granting sovereignty and kingship. Tir na mBeo-Land of Eternal Life granting eternity and history.

Tir na mBan-Land of Women granting beauty and pleasure, also maternal traits.

Tir fo Thuinn-Land under-wave granting fear and attitude.

Tir na n'Og-Land of Youth granting needs and rejuvenation. Mabinogi;
"...his mother would not name him; cursed him never to marry; and that he could only be killed a certain, secret way. Llew was a great archer, a prized skill among the Celts. Arianrhod, his mother who refused to name him as was a mother's right, was tricked into naming him by seeing his archery skills." http://www.joellessacredgrove.com/Celtic/deitiesl-m.html "Newgrange entered Celtic Mythology as a fairy mound. Newgrange was the home of the god Dagda, his wife Boann and their son Aonghus the god of love." http://www.newgrange.eu/ "The struggle for physical survival and the emergence of agriculture and hunting with their associated beliefs, magical spells and curses, superstitions, gods, goddesses, rituals, festivals and celebrations gave meaning to life and explained forces over which the ancient Celtic people had no control. The evidence of the worship of Nature conveyed their reliance on the natural world." Soul lives on after death "Although there are no written records from the Celts themselves historians, archaeologists, anthropologists and historical observers of the Celts have deduced from the naming of children, initiation rituals to the elaborate burials of nobles and heroes that the religion of the ancient Celts gave meaning to their lives." http://studiesofreligion.org.au/members/resource/05_celtic_polynesian/celtic06.html { Protection in nature
Spirits dwelling in trees
Head contained the soul
King's wellbeing reflected onto the land Sites used: http://studiesofreligion.org.au/members/resource/05_celtic_polynesian/celtic01.html
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