Transcript of Holocaust Powerpoint
The Holocaust _____________________________________________________________________________ January 30, 1933. Adolf Hitler is appointed the Reich Chancellor of Germany. ________ 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 Famous People Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi party and implanted the idea that the Jewish people were the cause of thier economic downfall. He was born in 1889 and faught in WW1. http://library.thinkquest.org/12663 This is a picture of Hitler overviewing his forces ________ March 4, 1933. Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated. Famous People Franklin Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt was the thirty second president and was born in 1882. He was the president of the U.S.A. in 1933 and stayed in office for 3 terms, and led the U.S. through the Great Depression and WW2. This is a picture of Franklin D. Roosevelt after being elected President. March 20, 1933.The first concentration camp in Dachau, Germany is opened. _____ http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0760616.html Concentration camps Concentration camps were death camps that were filled with many ethnic groups. These groups included Jewish people, gypsies, and the handicapped. This is the gate that leads into teh Dauchau concentration camp, teh gate reads freedom through work. http://www.germany-insider-facts.com/dachau-concentration-camp.html August 3, 1934. Hitler declares himself the chancellor of the Third Reich. __________________ The Third Reich The self-declared third empire of Germany, and was also called the Nazi state. The third reich was the only part of the Nazi regime. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005141 This is a map of the Dachau concentration camp. This is the Reich Labor Service battalions in front of the Nazi Party Congress. _____________ September 15,1935. Anti-jewish legislation is passed. The Jewish People The Jewish people are people who follow judaism. They celebrate holidays such as Honnuka, and Chanukkah. They are represented by the Star of David and were the center of anger of the Germans. This is a Star of David and is a symbol of teh Jewish people http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/1386-0809-2513-0101.html Auschwitz Auschwitz was the largest and deadliest concentration camp. In the end, over 1.3 million people were killed at Auschwitz. It was liberated in 1945 This is a layout of the Auschwitz concentration camp. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005189 ____________ May 1940- Auschwitz concentration camp is opened. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3371 __________ August 1, 1936- Olympic Games are held in Berlin 1936 Olympic Games Before the Olympic games anti-jewish signs were removed and jewish people were not allowed to participate. People attending the Olympic Games salute to Hitler _______ September 1939- WW2 starts. The start of World War 2 World war 2 started when Germany invaded Poland in September of 1939. This is a map of the invasion of Poland. March 1938- Mauthausen concentration camp is opened. ________ Mauthausen Concentration camp. The camp opened in 1938 and inmates from the Dachau camp were moved to the camp. The main use of the camp was as a quarry that th inmates worked in . This is a picture of the captured people working the quarry. November 9, 1038- The Night of Broken Glass. ______ The Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht) The Night of Brocken Glass was an attack on Jewish people. The attack was brought on when a 17 year old jewish man shot and killed a German Embassy worker. During the night many Jewish homes and businesses were damaged or put on fire. This is a picture of onlookers watching a synagogue burning while the fire department prevents the adjacent buildings from burning. http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html May 1939- The St. Louis is turned back from American ports. _________________ The St. Louis The St. Louis was a German ship that carried 930 jewish refugees from Germany. The ship was turned back by Cuba, the U.S., and several European countries. This is the St. Louis in a Cuban port. May 10, 1940- Germany invades France ____________ Invasion of France The Germans invade France that has over 350,000 Jewish people. This is Hitler in Paris after the downfall of France. March 1941- Germany invades the Soviet Union and siezes any communists. _________ Invasion of the USSR In Germany's invasion of Russia, any people suspected of bieng a communist was executed along with Jewish people. This is a mass grave of Soviet civilians. September 6, 1941- Zyklon-B gas is first used at Aushwitz. _____________________ Zyklon-B gas Zyklon-B gas was poison gas that was used to kill massive amounts of people. It was mainly used in Concentration camps and in mobile gassing units. These are Zyklon-B pellets that created poison gas. December 8, 1941- Chelmno extermination camp starts operating. _________ Chelmno Extermination Camp The Chelmno Extermination Camp was composed of mobile gas vans that were filled with Jewish prisoners. Then the van would drive to a burial place. These are Jewish deportees that had arrived at Chelmno. June 4, 1942- German leader Heydrich dies due to an attack by Czech free agents. _____________________ Assasination of Heydrich Czech agents attacked Heydrich on May 27 in 1942. Due to the attack The Liquidation of Lidice was started. In the end many Jewish people were deported and 1000 people were killed. Members of the German protective police pose after destroying a farm in Czechoslovakia. July 16/17, 1942- Jew from Paris are sent to Majdanek. _____________ Majdanek Concentration camp The construction of the camp was started in October of 1941 with the aid of Soviet prisoners of war, but almost all of them were dead by 1942. The camp was complete in 1942. This is a view of the Majdanek camp. This is a picture of the barracks at Majdanek ________________ March 14, 1943- The Krakow Ghetto is emptied. Krakow The Germans had invaded Krakow in September of 1939 and had put some of the Jewish population in a ghetto. The ghetto contained several factories and forced labor projects. Jewish residents move into the Krakow ghetto August 1943- Exterminations cease in Treblinka. ________ Treblinka Treblinka was a killing center near the villages Treblinka and Malkinia. The construction of the center was completed in 1942. In the end the killing center killed a total of 870,000 deaths. Jewish people board trains to head to the Treblinka extermination camp. Dachau Concentration camp The Dachau Concentration camp was the first concentration camp built by the Germans. Out of 200,000 prisoners 40,000 died. This is a barrack in a concentration camp. This is a map of all the concentration camps. June 6, 1944- D-Day is put into operation. ______________________ D-Day American troops land on the beaches of Normandy. This sent hope and happiness into Jews who were in need of help. This is a transport filled with American troops waiting to get ashore. August 4, 1944- Anne Frank and her family are captured by the Germans. _______________ Famous People Anne FrankFull transcript
Anne Frank was born in Frankfrut Germany on June 12, 1929. Her dad fled to Amsterdam with his family in 1933 where he had business connections. Her family went into hidign in July 1942 and was found in 1944. She died in a concentration camp due to typhus in 1945. This is a picture of Anne Frank and an excerpt from her diary. It reads "This is a photograph of me as I wish I looked all the time...". 1945- Death marches are started. ____ Death March The death marches were forced marches from the concentration camps farther away from the oncoming Soviets. The main reason for the death marches was to avoid inmates from telling the stories to the enemy. Thousands died on the death marches. This is a group of inmates from concentration camps on the death march. January 6, 1945- Russian forces liberate Budapest. __________ Liberation of the camps The concentatration camps were liberated by Russian troops as they fought into the German homeland. The number of prisoners left was slim due to the evacuation, or death marches, of the camps. These are children leaving the barracks of a concentration camp after being liberated. http://www.scrapbookpages.com/auschwitzscrapbook/history/articles/Liberation.html January 27,1945- The Red Army enters Birkenau. _______ Berkenau Berkenau was another name of Auschwitz II. The camp had 4 main gas chambers that had a max capacity of over 4,200 people. When the camp was liberated Anne Frank's father was found in the hospitol. This is the door to a gas chamber in Auschwitz. http://www.neveragain.org/1945.htm http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/AuschwitzEng.html April 4, 1945- U.S. forces reach Ohrdruf. Ohrdruf Ohrdruf was a concentration camp that a U.S. tank division stumbled upon. Bodies of prisoners that were too week to go on the death march were found in the area nearby. General Eisenhower visits the camp and reports teh horror that he had seen. This is an article telling about what the Fourth Armored Division found. April 15, 1945- British tanks liberate Belsen. _____________________ _______ Belsen http://ohrdruf.simmins.org/#Gate At first, Belsen was a prison for prisoners of war and was not used for mass killings. Although it was not made for killing people many died due to the harsh Nazi leadership. This is a picture of the Belsen concentration camp. Due to Hitler's rise in power millions of innocent people died. http://isurvived.org/Bergen-Belsen_liberation.html This is a cremation pit in a concentration camp. http://www.phdn.org/histgen/schmitz/indexeng.html May2, 1945- Berlin surrenders ____________ http://worldwar2database.com/html/germanysurrender.htm Surrender of Berlin When U.S. and Russian forces reached Berlin the remaining government of Germany surrendered. This surrender meant the end of pain and suffering of Jewish people. October 1,1934- Germany's army has tripled in size. ____________ The German Army Germany's army continued to grow after Hitler grew to power. This was bad for many people since Germany had the power to sieze countries filled with Jewish people such as Poland. http://www.germaniainternational.com/nsdap4.html This is a group of the Nazi soldiers. Conclusion In conclusion, the holocaust caused millions of deaths not due to battles but to concentration camps. Many innocent people were killed through the concentration camps due to Hitler's rise to power especially to Auschwitz. This is a picture of prisoners in a barracks of the Buchenwald camp. Cites (both pictures and information Citations continued The holocaust was the mass killing of several ethnic groups through a chain of concentration camps. The main reason for the holocaust was the anger of the German people that was released mainly on Jews.