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Guy de Maupassant and Henrik Ibsen
Transcript of Guy de Maupassant and Henrik Ibsen
Paola Crespo Guy de Maupassant and Henrik Ibsen Guy de Maupassant: Background He was born August 5, 1850 in Normandy, France. Associations & Movement Guy de Maupassant can be associated with either Naturalism or Realism, but is mainly associated with Naturalism. Major Accomplishments He was of noble blood. At the age of 20, he decided to join the army to fight in the Franco-Prussian War.
After his return he joined Gustave Flaubert's literary circle which included many famous writers like Emilie Zola. At first, he chose to study law in Paris, before he changed his mind about what he wanted to do. Naturalism is a radical offshoot of realism that values scientific principles and is often quite somber and pessimistic. Guy de Maupassant: Guy de Maupassant: Guy de Maupassant:
People With Whom He Associated Guy de Maupassant's stories that were written later in his life were often compared to the supernatural and upsetting themes found in stories written by Edgar Allan Poe; therefore, can be associated with, or compared to, Edgar Allan Poe.
Maupassant was also associated with Gustave Flaubert. Flaubert was his mentor and significantly influenced his writing. Guy de Maupassant:
Fun Facts Guy de Maupassant suffered from syphilis, which later caused him to also be mentally ill. Maupassant hated the condition he was in, so he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself. His first attempted suicide ended up not working, so he tried to slit his throat to end his life. Because of his attempted suicides, he was admitted into a mental institution where he died a year and a half later on July 6, 1893. Guy de Maupassant:
Most Famous Piece His most famous pieces include "The Necklace", "Boule de Suif", "Une-Vie", "Bel-Ami", and "Le Horla", but "Le Horla" has received plenty attention since it is known to be his most unsettling story. "Le Horla" addresses madness and suicide. Henrik Ibsen:
Background Henrik Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright who lived from March 20, 1828 until May 23, 1906. He was the eldest of five children in a poor family. When he got older, he became a dramatist, director, and poet. Henrik Ibsen:
Associations and Movement Henrik Ibsen's movement was Realism; he was often referred to as "the father of realism". Realism was the reaction against Romanticism, and its aim was to observe and record the daily lives of ordinary people without changing the truth or making judgments. Henrik Ibsen:
Major Accomplishments Henrik Ibsen's plays "Brand", "Peer Gynt", and "The Wild Duck" are major works of his. He actually was said to consider "The Emperor and the Galilean" to be his most important, but it isn't normally listed as one of his most popular. Henrik Ibsen:
People With Whom He Associated Henrik Ibsen can be associated or compared to William Shakespeare. Ibsen is one of the most studied playwrights, second only to Shakespeare. In fact, Ibsen's play "A Doll's House" is one of the world's most performed plays. Henrik Ibsen:
Fun Facts Henrik Ibsen is said to have inspired Edvard Munch, the famous painter who created the masterpiece known as "The Scream". When Ibsen was near death, he had someone come visit him. His nurse told the visitor that Ibsen had been starting to feel better, to which Ibsen replied, "On the contrary." These were his famous last words. Henrik Ibsen:
Most Famous Piece Ibsen's most famous piece is his play "A Doll's House". "A Doll's House" is said to be have a controversial theme. However, it has also been said that the theme is not women's rights, but about each person's individuality. Although Maupassant’s literary career probably only lasted for about ten years, he was extremely successful. He gave up his civil service work and whole heatedly pursued a career as a writer. With the success of Une Vie (A Woman’s Life) in 1883, his life became a round of luxury and sophistication. He traveled the world and maintained an apartment with a separate annex for clandestine meetings with women.
Guy de Maupassant was a rare thing; a writer who was successful in his own time, immensely popular, prosperous and feted by society.