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Career Counselling/Advising in a University Context
Transcript of Career Counselling/Advising in a University Context
in Universities David Lindskoog Career Advisor, SFU Career Services Context Practice (Retention) ? What % of university
students drop out
after 1 year 25% 40% of whom had A averages in high school... Why? 2 most common reasons for attending university: to prepare for a specific career to get a good job 1. Universities
need $ Successful graduation is in
everyone's best interests: schools get tuition
& new students students get degrees how do they get it? *1st Year University Survey (2011): 7 Guidelines for the Shaping of Best Practice in Retention Respect students by being appropriately sensitive to their needs and concerns Develop and foster a culture of enforced student success Involve faculty members in programs and activities Practice institutional integrity Foster the development of student affinity groups and friendships Select and implement retention interventions described in the literature Embrace an abiding concern for the career development of students! AND... *Braxton , Brier & Steele (2007) ! Happenstance Chaos Theory Narrative John Krumboltz Jim Bright Mark Franklin - Career Cycles Theory Actions Unplanned
opportunities Empowerment Try new things, generate new ideas "Nothing results from nothing" Take risks, embrace mistakes Doing comes first, knowing second "Chance events significantly influenced my career" Empowered to be more open to opportunities Empowered to take risks & learn from mistakes Empowered to see clues & capitalize on chance % Non-linearity Change & Uncertainty Attractors Fractals Career development is not a straight line Career plan = unhelpful self world "I am experiencing career indecision" % Change Story Patterns Client's own story liberates them "Self-similarity" Patterns emerge over time Show a system's long-term behaviour Characteristic trajectories of systems point attractor torus attractor strange attractor Story as assessment tool Career & Life Clarification Intentional Exploration Client's own language Techniques to bring out story: timeline, feedback, etc. Values, strengths, personality, assets, influence of others, thoughts/feelings, & possibilities Career Sketch Career Statement Take inspired action Watch for "clues" Welcome opportunities Most popular appointment topic
= Career Exploration Common Presenting Issues: Lack of experience Career development myths "Quick fix" mentality How Lost are You? totally certain! totally lost! Encourage backup plan Dispel myth of "dream career" Provide exploration resources Resources & Action-planning Narrative Career Counselling Further Assessment (e.g. tests) Career Exploration, Work Search, Resume/Cover Letter, Job Interviews Knowledge & Skills Required: Basic counselling skills Career development theory Labour market information/trends pendulum attractor Pamela Brott, Mark Savickas Fundamental Propositions: The goal of career counseling is to help clients learn to take actions to achieve more satisfying career and personal lives—not to make a single career decision. 1 2 3 4 Career assessments are used to stimulate learning, not to match personal characteristics with occupational characteristics. Clients learn to engage in exploratory actions as a way of generating beneficial unplanned events. The success of counseling is assessed by what the client accomplishes in the real world outside the counseling session.