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Social Psychology. Altruism.
Transcript of Social Psychology. Altruism.
But what are the circumstances people make altruistic actions? And what can society do to decrease the rate of indifference, and increase the level of altruism? That are questions that we’ll try to answer. Why people help each other? Social exchange theory
Evolutionary psychology Social exchange theory Hidden egoism
Empathy as a source of genuine altruism So what is altruism? Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Matthew. 19:19 ...is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others. It is a traditional virtue in many cultures, and a core aspect of various religious traditions, though the concept of "others" toward whom concern should be directed can vary among cultures and religions. Altruism is the opposite of selfishness. Auguste
Comte, 1803 Social norms Evolutionary psychology When do people help? Gender and Altruism Generally accepted stereotypes, which describe women as caring and sympathized, make people think, that women should be more helping people than men, but according to psycho-social researches, conducted by Eagly and Crowley (1986), those are men who are actually more altruistic, not women. Altruist isn’t indifferent and always is ready to help unselfishly, even when, nobody offers him/her anything back and he doesn’t wait any thanks. Researches of V.V. Abramenkova
Caring of indalidspose
Philantropy Theory of social norms argues that helping people is connected with existing of common social rules.
Norm of reciprocity teaches us to give help and to be kind to those who want help us.
Norm of social responsibility make people take care of those who need it, as much time as it is needed, even when person cannot give anything back. According to social exchange theory helping people as any other social behavior is motivated by the desire to minimize the costs and optimize the compensation. There are different opinions which argues that desire to help people is pure altruism. number of witnesses
intepretation of the accident
relations with other witesses
we help when other people help Who we usually help? In accidents and crisis situations, these are women, who are usually helped, not men, but usually the offers of help come from men.
Women are more often asking for a help.
Making a decision to help or not, we are thinking if the person is really need it or deserve it.
And also we are looking on likeness of that person and ourselves. Evolutionary psychology argues about two kinds of altruism which are based on:
Protection of family
But on the other hand of evolution psychologists believe that those individual who’s genes are more egoistic has more chances to survive, than those who are more altruistic. In Conclusion... The significance of any claim that altruism plays a prominent role in human life depends on what is meant by altruism. If one means helping behavior, or helping in order to gain subtle self-benefits such as esteem enhancement or guilt avoidance—which is what most behavioral and social scientists mean by altruism—the existence of altruism cannot be doubted. But these definitions trivialize the centuries old egoism-altruism debate. Only by adhering to the notions of altruism and egoism that lie at the heart of that debate do we face head on the fundamental issues it raises about human potential and human nature. The question of the existence of altruism is, at heart, about valuing. Are we humans ever, in any degree capable of valuing the welfare of another, or is our capacity to value limited to our own welfare? It seems we do have the capacity to value another’s welfare.