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Evolution of Auschwitz as a Killing Center

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Simon Leutz

on 3 March 2011

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Transcript of Evolution of Auschwitz as a Killing Center

1940 - Began its life as a camp for Polish political prisoners and later Soviet POWs
1941-42 - Crematoria in place at original camp
1941-42 - Crematoria in place at original camp
To dispose of dead POWs
Add on gas chamber
Evolution of Auschwitz as a Killing Center
Spring 1941 – massive expansion planned
Location perfect for production of synthetic fuel
October 1941 – Construction of Auschwitz II-Birkenau begins
IG Farben builds factory at the site
Site of Original Gas Chamber
Massive slave labor camp
By 1943 - largest extermination camp in Nazi empire
Auschwitz II (Birkenau)
Early 1943 – Two existing morgues are retrofitted with gas chambers
Called “Crematories 2 and 3”
Awkward design - gas chambers downstairs, crematoria upstairs
Nazis build Crematories 4 and 5
Designed specifically as gas chambers and crematoria facilities
Both on same floor, natural ventilation
Crematoria II and III
Cematoria IV and V
June 1943 – All four new crematories up and running
Most victims murdered after this date
4,400 corpses could be disposed of per day
120,000 each month
Busiest time April-June 1944
Hungarian Jews murdered
Full transcript