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Róbert Märcz

on 24 December 2016

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Transcript of ECL_examinations

European tendencies in the field of language teaching and learning
Mobility – personal (tourism, learning, research, working relations)

International co-operation

Respect for cultural diversity

Access to information

Deeper mutual understanding of different cultural heritages

Less widely taught and learned languages

Linguistic – lack of language competence
scientific research and wide consultation

practical tool for setting clear standards

basis for the mutual recognition of language qualifications


the competences necessary for communication

the related knowledge and skills

the situations and domains of communication
Learning, Teaching, Assessment
First Phase : standardisation

University of London Examinations and Assessment Council

Institutions involved in developing and then constructing ECL tests based on the
set of unified standards and then conducting ECL exams
in English, German, Italian, Spanish, Greek and Hungarian:

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki School of Modern Greek Language
Centre International d'Etudes Pédagogiques de Sévres
Fachverband Deutsch als Fremdsprache
Heinrich-Heine-Universität/IIK Düsseldorf
Janus Pannonius Tudományegyetem Idegen Nyelvi Titkárság
Scuola di Lingua e Cultura Italiana per Stranieri di Siena Societá Dante Alighieri
Universität Jena Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät IWK
Universidad de Granada Centro de Lenguas Modernas
Development of a standardised language exam system (ECL) for languages of the EU EU grant ERASMUS 1988-89, LINGUA AKTION V A 1992, LINGUA AKTION III
Extending the already existing ECL standards to all the official languages of the EU(EU grant: PREPARATORY VISITS (3) LINGUA D 1998, LINGUA D

University of Pécs, Foreign Language Centre
Institutions participating in the process of extending the ECL exam standards to
Finnish, Swedish, Dutch, French, Danish, Portuguese and Polish, in designing
ECL exam preparatory curricula and courses, in setting up
a national and international ECL preparatory and exam centre network:

Aarhus Universitet Institut for Nordisk Sprog og Litteratur
Institut für Interkulturelle Kommunikation e.V. Berlin
Göteborg Universitet
Helia Helsinki Business Polytechnic
Université Stendhal - Grenoble 3 CUEF
Universidade de Coimbra
University Pécs Foreign Language Centre
The Institute of Polish for Foreigners
Development of the ECL Examination System
Second Phase (1999 - 2002)
Third Phase (2002 - today)

University of Pécs, Foreign Language Center
Extending the standards of the ECL language examination on further languages
(Romanian, Slovak, Serb, Bulgarian, Czech, Russian)
Relating the ECL language examination to the CEF

University of Bucharest
University of Nitra
The Faculty of Economics, Subotica
University of Varna
Lomonosow University

Extending the standards of the ECL language examination on further languages (French, Slovenian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian)

Examination sites in further European countries

Further examination centres in America

Motivating the teaching and learning of the state languages of the neighbouring countries with special attention the the LWT languages
Further development
The ECL Language Exam

Robert Märcz

University of Pécs
Foreign Language Centre

Harmony of testing, teaching and language

Humanise the test taking process


Functional/communicative concept

Text level (linguistic competence / communicative competence)
The philosophy of test construction
European Tendencies
The ECL Exam

Level A2 (beginner level) -
The tourist
you can ask questions, you understand the simpler answers, you can go shopping, you can ask for food and drink in the target language, you understand the signs, that is: you can manage.

Level B1
(officially recognised

The immigrant
you can work among colleagues speaking the target language; you start understanding newspaper and radio news, TV programmes, you can even try going to the cinema or theatre.

Level B2
(officially recognised
level) -
The student

you can start studies in secondary schools, colleges and universities of the target language country. You feel comfortable in the target language.

Level C1
(officially recognised
level) -
The partner

when you achieve level C1 you become an equal partner of the native speakers.
Text based tasks/micro context

Grammar not directly present

Skills assessed clearly


Cultural information
Communicative Approcah





Maximum: 100
Pass: 60
Pass/Skill: 15

Total: 80% - in one skill 40%
Test Format
Partial Exam
Written exam

comprehension 25 points

25 points

- 40% in each skill
- minimum of 60% altogether
Oral exam

comprehension 25 points

25 points

- 40% in each skill
- minimum of 60% altogether
Science & Research
Dr Gábor Szabó:
University of Pécs, Department of English Applied Linguistics
Member of the Accreditation Centre for Foreign Language Examinations
Participates in the projects of ECML (European Centre for Modern Languages)

Dr Hrisztova-Gotthardt Hrisztalina
– test developer

Dr László Háry
– Head of the ECL Examination Centre

Dr Huszti Judit
– Head of the Foreign Language Centre, University of Pécs

Dr Katalin Wéber
– test developer

Robert Märcz
(PhD student) – test developer


Dr Szabó G.
(2010). Relating language examinations to the CEFR: ECL as a case study. In Martyniuk, W (ed) Aligning Tests with the CEFR: Reflections on Using the Council of Europe’s Draft Manual, Studies in Language Testing 33. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 133-14

Dr László Háry – Dr Judit Huszti
- Realizations of the CEFR requirements in the ECL examinations
Deutsch als Fremdsprache in der Discussion 7 - Martin Hahn/Gerhard Wazel (Hrsg.) - Theorie and Praxis des DaF- und DaZ-Unterrichts heute - 20 Jahre Intitut für Interkulturelle Kommunikation e.V.

Dr Hrisztova-Gotthardt Hrisztalina
Testen und Beurteilen der Diskurskompetenz im Rahmen der mündlichen ECL-Sprachprüfung.
In: Vladimir Krabali, Melita Aleksa Varga, Leonard Pon (ed.)
Discourse and Dialogue - Diskurs und Dialog. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Verlag, 2012. pp. 275-283. (ISBN:9783631621011

Györgyi Együd, Zoltán Kiszely,
Dr Gábor Szabó:
Comparing the Hungarian School-Leaving Examination with International language Examinations
In: Dina Tsagari, Ildikó Csépes (ed.) Collaboration in Language Testing and Assessment. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften, 2012. pp. 109-126. (ISBN:978-3-631-63529-2)

Dr Szabó Gábor
Relating language examinations to the CEFR: ECL as a case study
In: In: Waldemar Martyniuk (ed.)
Aligning Tests with the CEFR: Reflections on Using the Council of Europe's Draft Manual Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. pp. 133-144.

Dr Huszti Judit, Dr Háry László, Dr Szabó Gábor
Anbindung der ECL-Prüfungsstufen an die Niveaus des Gemeinsamen europäischen Referenzrahmens für Sprachen
In: Hahn Martin, Wazel Gerhard (ed.) Theorie und Praxis des DaF- und DaZ-Unterrichts heute. 20 Jahre Institut für Interkulturelle Kommunikation e.V.: Deutsch als Fremdsprache in der Diskussion - Band 7 Frankfurt am Main; Berlin: Peter Lang Europaischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, 2011. pp. 117-128. (ISBN:978-3-631-61721-2)

Dr Szabó Gábor
Applying Item Response Theory in Language Test Item Bank Building
München: Peter Lang Verlag, 2008. 194 p. (Language Testing and Evaluation; 10.) (ISBN:ISBN 978-3-631-56851-4 pb.)
ECL Examinations
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