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Norteños vs. Sureños
Transcript of Norteños vs. Sureños
The Nortenos and the Surenos are densely located in California as well as other states. The Nortenos occupy the north and the Surenos inhabit the south and the west. The statewide dividing line between Norteños and Sureños has roughly been accepted as the rural community of Delano, California.
Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureñas for females, are groups of loosely affiliated gangs that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia. Surenos are involved in criminal activities from homicides, assaults, kidnappings and drug trafficking. They are located in 35 states in the U.S. as well as Mexico. They affiliate themselves with the color blue and usually ally with crips and the MS13.
For the members of the Norteno gang, initiation includes 3 parts:
jumped and sexed in
Complete a task (robbery)
For members of the Surenos initiation mainly includes either being jumped or sexed in. The following are also permitted:
shooting a civilian
shooting an enemy/betrayer
selling drugs to children
Norteños use the number 14 which represents the fourteenth letter of the alphabet, the letter N, in order to pay allegiance to Nuestra Familia, from which they derive from. They are active in 13 states and they associate with the color red. Members of the organization are considered to have taken a "blood oath" to join the gang, and are considered lifelong participants. Nuestra Familia's written constitution states that no member should prioritize women, money or drugs over their membership in the gang. Membership in the gang extends beyond prison.Women are not allowed to become full-fledged members of Nuestra Familia, but are sometimes used for communication and drug-running purposes as they are considered less likely to be noticed by law enforcement agents. The NF has a formal written constitution and claims about 2000 inmate members.
Norteños vs. Sureños
The Nortenos , who were affiliated with the Neustra Familia, were prison enemies of the Southern Latinos who were under La Eme (aka the Mexican Mafia). The Mexican Mafia was initially created to help protect Mexicans in prison; however those from Northern California started to experience abuse. This rivalry began when a member of the Mexican Mafia allegedly stole a pair of shoes from a Northerner, thus resulting in longest gang war in California.
How it all Began
Infamous Activity- Nortenos
Throughout the 90's federal agencies have been trying to contain the two groups. In 2000 and 2001, 22 members of the Nuestra Familia were indicted on Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges, including several who were allegedly serving as high-ranking gang leaders while confined in Pelican Bay. 13 of the defendants plead guilty; the other cases are still ongoing. 2 of the defendants face the death penalty for ordering murders related to the drug trade. This was known as Operation Black Widow, in which law enforcement officials had estimated that Nuestra Familia was responsible for at least 600 murders in the previous 30 years.
Nuestra Familia members claim the machete and the sombrero as their symbol.
The Mexican Mafia uses symbols such as a black hand, a 13, a snake, or Mexico. Common Sureño gang markings and tattoos include, but are not limited to: Sur, XIII, X3, 13, Sur13, uno tres, trece and 3-dots. Although there are many tattoos used by Sureños, there is only one tattoo that proves or validates membership.
In 2010, 51 Surenos were arrested in California Narcotics Sting. The investigation identified eight Sureno gangs involved in various criminal activities, including the distribution of narcotics. The investigation also resulted in the seizure of more than 19 pounds of methamphetamine, a methamphetamine conversion laboratory, 1.5 kilograms of cocaine, small amounts of crack cocaine, 25 pounds of marijuana, 35 firearms, and $800,000 in currency and property. The charges against the gang members were; conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana, street terrorism and firearms violations.
Infamous Activity- Sur13