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America Before Columbus
Transcript of America Before Columbus
-Spoke over 2200 languages
-Strong oral traditions
-Elaborate architecture, stable, permanent
societies, strong governments
-Changed environment through burns, cultivation
-Stability through agricultural practices- Helps create governments, strong communities
-Collision of Cultures
-Blend of three Continents:
Asia, Europe, and Africa
Or, How People Got Here
-Humans followed herds in small groups
-Human settlement in North America by
Diversity: Approximately 7 to 10 million people lived north of Mexico.
500+ tribes, 90+ languages
Pacific Cast Cultures
Technological advances for architecture
Successful agriculture provided stability
Reliance on irrigation- Dependent on nature to provide
Agriculture heavily reliant on irrigation to grow corn
Largest City of North Mexico at 20,000 residents
Built Monk's Mount
What do these mounds tell us about Woodland cultures?
Eastern Woodland-Includes Iroquois
Great Lakes, Northern New England Area
Supplemented farming with hunting and fishing
Woodland/Burial Mound/Mississippian Cultures reliant on ''Three Sisters''- Squash, Beans, Maize
Descendants of Cahokia-Cherokee/Creeks
Reliance on Buffalo
Vore Buffalo Jump
Rely on finding plants to supplement diet
Important to Remember
As soon as they cleared land for farming or hunted certain species, first migrants changed landscape
Cultures had already grown, changed, and dissapeared
By the time of European contact, Native Americans had been living in N. American for 10,00 years
Population had dwindled, continental trade system established
Hard to Glimpse Pre-Columbian Cultures