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Transcript of Woodwind
Recorder Saxophone The saxophone is a member of the reed-sounded wind instruments. The saxophone body contains twenty openings that are covered by keys. These keys can be opened or closed in groups by the musician by pressing and releasing six studs, or finger plates. The saxophone was invented around 1840 by a Belgian instrument maker named Adolph Sax. A Saxophone Quartet playing an original song using different types of saxophones. The different types of saxophones:
C soprano saxophone
C melody saxophone
Tubax Flute The flute makes sound by air passing through its body. The notes are changed by pressing the keys. The flute generally plays high notes. The flute is an aerophone. This is an instrument played by blowing into a mouthpiece. Some common flutes are: Piccolos, concert flutes, bass flutes and the alto flute. This is Alicia Saunders playing Minuet and Dance of the Blessed Spirits. Flutes are mostly used in classical music. They act as the soprano of the orchestra and are situated near the front. Usually someone who plays a flute is referred to as a flautist. A flute made from the bone of a cave bear by the Neanderthals 43000 years ago. Neanderthal Flute Where did the flute come from? The modern flute has evolved from the recorder. The recorder is similar to flute in shape and sound. The flute however has keys where the recorder only has holes it also has a different mouthpiece. There are many types of woodwind instruments. Some e.g. the saxophone make sound through vibrations of the reed while others make sound through air passing through it. 1600 Until the 1600 century flutes were a basic instrument and not as popular as they are today. 1698-1773 The flute was further developed from the original six hole flute, to a flute that was able to be tuned and developed a new mouthpiece 1800 By the 1800's the flute was now an 8-note instrument. During this time flutes were started to be added to bands and orchestras. Presently Flutes are used in many bands and orchestras across the world. They are a very popular instrument today and many variations have established since. Oboe Clarinet The clarinet uses a single-reed mouthpiece. Its body is a long tube. Types of Clarinet: Common types of clarinets include the Bb, Eb, A and bass clarinet. Before the clarinet was the Chalumeau. It looked like a recorder but had a single reed. A clarinet is an instrument quite like a saxophone. It usually has a long tube like body. A clarinet is usually situated behind the flutes in an orchestra. The clarinet is used a lot in jazz. This is Autumn Leaves In an orchestra oboes are next to the flutes. Oboes are a double reed instrument. Its body is a cylinder shape with keys situated up and down it. A trio of oboes playing some of Beethoven's work Oboes can play a range of about three octaves The oboe first appeared in the mid-17th century. Wood Wind in the Orchestra Woodwind is the green shaded area. In an orchestra woodwind usually play the melody. Though this depends on the composers choice. Bassoon The bassoon is a double reed instrument. It plays low notes as they are the lowest woodwind. Thanks for reading! By Lydia Dudson It is believed that the for runner of the bassoon was the dulcian. It was used mostly in 1550-1700 but was most likely invented earlier. A strange thing now days is that this is one of the only modern woodwind instruments still made of wood. There are two types of bassoons. Contra Bassoons and normal Bassoons. Saxophones are usually made of brass. They are played with a single-reed mouth piece.