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Building word families
Transcript of Building word families
Word class (parts of speech)
Word class forms
Most grammatical words have only one form, and some other words have only one word class,
e.g. the adjective
Word class - Using word class to identify main ideas
When you are listening or reading it is important to identify the main ideas. This helps you to take notes on the most important information. the words that carry the most of this information are often
A noun is a word that identifies:
a person (woman, boy, doctor, neighbour)
a thing (dog, building, tree, country)
an idea, quality, or state (truth, danger, birth, happiness).
A verb describes what a person or thing does or what happens. For example, verbs describe:
an action – run, hit, travel
an event – rain, occur
a situation – be, seem, have
a change – become, grow, develop
An adjective is a word that describes a noun, giving extra information about it. For example:
About half the words in academic texts are from the four meaning-carrying word classes.
The remaining half are the grammatical words.
It is very common for nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs to have more than one form:
Identifying and understanding word class can make it easier to understand sentence structure and meaning.
Building word families
By learning word families, you will greatly increase your vocabulary. Word families are groups of words based on the same root word, but different forms, for example:
Some words within a word family may be more common than others - for example, the noun
is more frequent an more useful than the verb
. Not all forms of the word are found in all word families.
The term affix covers
. Affixes are useful in recognizing word class, which in turn can help with understanding sentence structure.
Suffixes are a group of letters added to the end of a word to change the form of that word.
Noun suffixes include:
Adjective suffixes include:
Adverbs typically take the suffix: critical
The frequent verb suffix is critic
Many words in academic texts can have a number of affixes to build up more complex meanings,
commerce (n) - commerc
(adj) - commerc
(v) - comerc
In its original context,
the commercialization of news,
the meaning can be rephrased as '
news has become more commercial'.