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Transcript of Globalization
This perspective suggests that global migration and mass media are contributing to the diffusion and loosing of cultural values. Technology has a negative effect on environment, which is a big problem that can not be solved even nowadays. In addition, transformationalists say that the outcome of processes of globalization is not determined, so we do not actually have a clear aim and a lot of effort might not be justified.
Skeptics believe that globalization is just a discourse, but not the actual process. They believe that all changes happened is western capitalist imperialism, but nothing essentially new. This perspective views the concept as more separated and regionalized process, rather than as truly a global, united world.
What is globalization?
Globalization is the process of becoming more internationalized and integrated politically, socially, economically and culturally through the advances of technology, transportation, communication system and trade.
This perspectives states that history and modern economics have combined to form a new system, in which nations are united both economically and politically. What regards to culture, hyperglobalists see the increase in interpenetration of cultures across the globe. This includes cheaper travel, social networking, television, etc. This contributes to the dissemination of ideas and values from one culture to another, creating a world without borders and breaking of cultural barriers. For the future, hyperglobalists believe that the world will keep on globalizing every second this process will be non-stop
Globalization helps the world to develop and progress. First of all transportation is the main factor which removes barriers for international trade, so fast travel and worldwide communication has resulted in a more educated and cultured public. Globalization also contributes to decisions to be made on worldwide level, which ensures the free good and equality for all people in the world. On a cultural level, globalization again promotes equality and acceptance of others as people share the same values and interests. Overall, globalization has led to more internationalized world, which includes faster trade, improvement in technology and cultural interchange.
Why people have these perspectives?
experience in life
education or training
career and jobs
family, friends, peers...
country of origin
Two men from different cultures will see things differently; at the same time two men from the same culture but with different life experience will also have different perspectives. Furthermore a male and a female from the same culture with same experience will have totally different points of view. And the same men will see it differently when being adult, compared with when he was young
In the case of globalization, three perspectives were formed by three groups of people with different way of seeing things. Hyperglobalists, for example, as was mentioned already, believe that globalization promotes dissemination of cultures, which is a good thing, while transformationalist talk about diffusion of culture, which leads to loosing cultural values. We can not actually say if any of them are right of wrong, it is just a matter of opinion. The important thing for hyperglobalists is sharing and obtaining something new, while for transformationalist saving what you already have is more important.
“We don’t see things as they are;
we see things as we are”
Why different people
see the same thing
Which factors build our perspecive?