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Strategies at hand

Ct Hajs

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Dyslexia

Steps to success Dyslexia. Definition Questions & Answers A reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize & process certain symbols. May have trouble rhyming & separating sounds that make up spoken words

As these abilities are important in the process of learning to read, it makes it difficult for students to learn

Different symptoms are more prominent in different ages General Symptoms Tire more quickly as they use up more energy in correcting their reading and writing perceptions

Be inconsistent in their performance

Have difficulty completing tasks on time

Read slowly because of his difficulties and is always under pressure of time

Give up easily in their work due to their difficulties A student with Dyslexia might.. Copying from Whiteboard

Different coloured markers for each line if there is a lot of written information on board, or underline alternating lines

Ensure writing is well-spaced

Ensure child has finished copying comfortably before erasing the information provide sufficient time so child won’t rush Strategies in the Classroom BROUGHT TO YOU BY:
SITI HAJAR Causes •Cognitive Processes: Phonological processing impairment

•Problems in the cerebellum, affecting time management and coordination

•Genetic Inheritance Psst! We will be playing 'Guess Who' along the way! Preschool
Early Primary
Upper Primary
Secondary Difficulty in rhyming words & singing nursery rhymes Difficulty learning to decode written words Very poor spelling and slow reading fluency Tries to hide and disguise their weakness from themselves What to look out for in the classroom Student does not stay on-task

Student has difficulty transferring and writing down their ideas

Confuses mathematical signs and has difficulty understanding the concept of time

Has difficulty learning the alphabets, numbers, days and shapes

Inaccurate copying of sentences from the board or book Dyslexia is a type of mental retardation
Dyslexia is rare in Singapore
Reading difficulties disappear with age
People with dyslexia are stupid
Someone who can read does not have dyslexia Common Myths of Dyslexia Guess Who I am Singapore's oldest treasure Phonological Dyslexia
-Trouble using & making sense of sounds that make up words

Orthographic Dyslexia
Trouble remembering how letters/words look like especially when it’s similar sounding words and irregular words (not spelt how it sounds).

Deep Dyslexia
Rare, make frequent semantic substitutions when reading. Word substitution usually do not make sense in context Categories of Dyslexia Guess Who e = mc2 Outline lesson objectives

Check that child has copied down homework and announcements in Pupil’s Handbook correctly, and all necessary materials are to be brought home

Checklists for child to refer to at home increase self-reliance Strategies in the Classroom Strategies in the Classroom Dividers and folders to increase organisational skills

Break down task into smaller, digestible components

Provide handouts and notes minimise copying from the whiteboard

Seat child at front easier to seek help Guess Who a 3 time world heavyweight championship
Read books of child's reading age

Do quiet reading with teacher instead of in front of class

Provide books for paired reading with adults

Story tapes increase enjoyment and enhancement of vocabulary Strategies in Reading Strategies on the PC Guess Who 'Mission Impossible', 'Minority Report'.. Visual Strategies Apps for reading & writing ABC Animals: Interactive animal flashcards with audio that provide the lettername, associated animal name, and the letter sound. Letter tracing with directions. First Words Deluxe: With pictures of over 174 items around the house, animals,vehicle, colors, shapes, touch a letter to hear it, and drag it to
the correct word position. StoryBuddy: Create personal stories using images from your photo library,
simple drawing and text tools. Strategies for Math Ensure student understands mathematical terminology and what consists of it (i.e steps in a process like long division)

Mental sums allow student to jot down key figures and symbols

Encourage students to verbalise steps

Teach how to use multiplication table and say out loud

Put keys word at inside front cover of book for easier reference

Decimal point in red ink visual aid

Revise maths vocab through multi-sensory approach Students with Dyslexia are weaker in subjects that requires problem solving and decision making Handwriting. Dyslexia usually affects the student's handwriting. Cursive joined style is most helpful
Encourage the children to study their writing and be self-critical
Decide for themselves the faults and improvements for their handwriting
Discuss good handwriting in class and the advantages
Practise good handwriting using words student is comfortable writing
Improvement in handwriting reflects confidence So what do they have in common? Guess who I created Mickey Mouse Dyslexia Association of Singapore (DAS) Local Resources Set up in 1991
Learning Centres in Schools, Malls and the Heartlands
Offers Assessment services
Therapies for students
Provide support to parents DAS Academy
Conduct workshops
Run Professional Courses
Master of Arts in Specific Learning Differences (MA SpLD) by London Metropolitan University (UK) Private Sector Various private educational facilities are also specialising in Dyslexia support
Educational Therapies
No subsidies offered

MSL Centre also offers training for educators on the Orton-Gillingham Method Reading and spelling rules, syllable pattern, morphology, sight words

Reading and Comprehension Skills, writing skills and study skills DAS Support @ Learning Centres Based on Orton-Gillingham (OG method)
Structured, Sequential and Cumulative Learning
Multi-sensory Approach Strategies when Reading
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