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Elizabeth I: The Virgin Queen
Transcript of Elizabeth I: The Virgin Queen
Crowned Queen on Sunday 15th January 1559.
Previous Queen Mary had left the country in debt and confused about the future of the church in England.
Mary had involved England in Spain's conflict with France and Scotland. This disrupted the export mainstay of the economy as well as the English military.
Mary had financed their military adventures by debasing the coinage, replacing good silver with bad copper, creating trade problems and contributing to rampant inflation.
Responsible to God for her people, she would be careful never to let them challenge her authority, even though many, seeing her as a weak woman in need of male guidance, tried. Born on September 7th 1533.
Daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
Was considered illegitimate child at age 3 after her parents Henry VIII divorced and beheaded wife due to adultery. Catholic Queen Mary vs. Protestant Queen Elizabeth. The most worrying division was over religion. Everyone was aware that Elizabeth would probably return England to Protestantism, but how could this be achieved without sparking a religious civil war?
Previously King Henry VIII was unable to get divorces from his wives which sparked the Protestant reformation, but Mary had changed England back to Catholicism. Thus, why Mary is called "Bloody Mary."
Elizabeth was being so careful not to permit Protestantism before Parliament allowed it.
The vote to make England use the Protestant Book of Common Prayer was very close. By a majority of only three, the 'Elizabethan Settlement of Religion' became a legal reality in April 1559. Sir Thomas Parry and Sir William Cecil. The two of them instantly began to prepare for the changes that were coming, roughly dividing the work between the court, which Parry handled, and the political, which Cecil oversaw.
As wife of Philip II of Spain, Mary had involved
England in Spain's conflict with France and
There had been mush conflict between England
and Spain after Mary's death. Phillip II was
devout Catholic and thought that Elizabeth's
changes toward a Protestant England were
Therefore, Phillip II was finally persuaded to
invade England. He prepared ships and took a
long route to England through storms and the
English were able to overcome the Spaniards. Excerpts from the various literary forms of the age are presented in an anthology that depicts Elizabethan life in all its variety.
A Courtier in Exile
Guides to Conduct
Life in England
Knaves and Ne'er-Do-Wells
English Homes and Gardens "I do assure you there is no prince that loves his subjects better, or whose love can countervail our love. There is no jewel , be it of never so rich a price, which I set before this jewel: I mean your love. For I do esteem it more than any treasure of riches...And, thought God has raised me high, yet this I count the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves. This makes me that I do not so much rejoice that God has made me to be queen, as to be a Queen over so thankful a people...Of myself i must say this: I never was any greedy, scraping grasper, nor a strait, fast-holding Prince, nor yet a waster. My heart was never set on any worldly goods, but only for my subjects' good. What you bestow on me, I will not hoard it up, but receive it to bestow on you again. Yea, mine own properties I account yours to be expended of your good... I have ever used to set the Last-Judgement Day before mine eyes, and so to rule as I shall be judged to answer before a higher judge, to whose judgement seat I do appeal, that never thought was cherished in my heart that tended not unto my people's good. And now, if my kingly bounties have been abused, and my grants turned to the hurt of my people, country to my will and meaning, and if any in authority under me neglected or perverted what I have committed to them, I hope God will not lay their culps [crimes] and offenses to my charge; who, though there were danger in repealing our grants, yet what danger would I not rather incur for your good, than I would suffer them still to continue? There will never Queen sit in my seat with more zeal to my country, care for my subjects, and that will sooner with willingness venture her life for your good and safety, than myself. For it is my desire to live nor reign no longer than my life and reign shall be for your own good. And though you have had and may have many princes more mighty and wise sitting in this seat, yet you never had nor shall have any that will be more careful and loving." In 1558 no one could imagine that the queen would remain unmarried and childless all her life.
It was assumed that she would marry, provide an heir to the throne and be governed by her husband.
Elizabeth had many suitors from many different countries, but Elizabeth realized that these men were more valuable as suitors than husbands.
Elizabeth remained husband less and childless until death leaving the heir to her thrown to King James the I of England. This is what is called "The Golden Speech," given by Elizabeth to Parliament in 1601. Discrepancy in the day of a certain event (only in one article). No,
Born into royalty.
Had a good chance at becoming queen. because of Henry and his wives had trouble having children.
Religious Reformation and accomplishments made while in power. Religious Reformation
Woman in Power
Spanish Armada Richards, J. (2012). ELIZABETH I: FICTIONS AND REALITIES. History Review, (72), 11. Jones, N. (2008). ADVICE TO ELIZABETH. History Today, 58(11), 14-20. Sixteenth Century England: A map of England from Humphrey Lloyd's 'Maps of England', published 1573. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Spielvogel, J, J. (2012).Queen Elizabeth Address to Parliament (1601). Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Baldwin Smith, L. (1967). The Horizon of the Elizabethan World.. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co. Bulletin of Spanish Studies, Mar2011, Vol. 88 Issue 2, p177-197, 21p, 3 Black and White Photographs, 1 Illustration. Illustration; found on p181. Elizabeth had a half sister Mary and a brother Edward.
Was taught by University tutors and spoke French, Latin, Italian, Greek.
Was a committed Protestant.
Never married, and considered herself "Married to England."
Died March 24th 1603. "Circa 1590, Queen Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603), it was during her reign that the foundations of British settlement in America were laid. (Photo by MPI/Getty Images)" -- Image Date: 1/2/1754 -- Image Date: 1/2/1754