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Transcript of Spartacus
of northern Greece. Thrace was an
early enemy of
Rome. Spartacus was an auxilary in the Roman Army -Auxilaries formed the non standing
citizen corps of the Roman Army. -Auxilary recruits were almost all
volunteers who provided specialist support. Historians believe that Spartacus had
commited a crime in which punishment would
be slavery. In 73 BC Spartacus was sold into slavery
to Lentulus Batiatus. Lentulus Batiatus took Spartacus
to the Gladiator School of Capua. New Gladiators were formed into troops. These troops were called Familia Gladiatorium. They were all under the control of a manager
which was called a lanista. The lanista recruited, arranged for training and made the decisions of where and when the gladiators fought In the same year of 73 BC Spartacus
led a rebellion. The Gladiators killed the gaurds with kitchen
tools and any tool they could find. Led by Spartacus, the escaped gladiators
stole proper weapons and took refuge in a
crater of Mt. Vesuvius. Spartacus was then joined by many other
slaves, therefore putting him ahead of a
very big army of slaves. The gladiators began to pillage and plunder
nearby villages to gather runaway slaves. Thus beginning the Third Sevile War. The praetor Clodius Glaber with 3,000 soldiers was the first army to be sent by the senate to stop the slave revolt. The overconfident Glaber army was defeated at Mt. Vesuvius. The Romans were greatly humiliated by the defeat. Humiliated the Roman Senate sends
two consuls Gellius Publicola and
Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus,
each with two Roman legions,
against the rebel slave army. The armies clash at the Battle at Picenum.
Many Gauls and Germans were defeated by
Publicola and their leader, Crixus, is killed.
Spartacus then confronts the troops of
Lentulus and gains a great victory. He then
moves on and fights and defeats Publicola
and his Roman troops. Spartacus has managed
to defeat both of the consuls who were sent
against him and the slave army. The senate in Rome realises that Spartacus is becoming a real threat. Marcus Licinius Crassus is appointed to the supreme command of the war, who had greatly distinguished himself in the wars of Sulla. Crassus had been rewarded by the Dictator Sulla with donations of confiscated property, and had accumulated an immense fortune. Six legions were now given him in addition to the remains of the Consular armies that were already in the field.
Spartacus keeps the slave army together moving to southern Italy where they can hire pirate ships to Sicily. Once in Sicily Spartacus plans to insight more uprisings against the Romans. During this period the slave army defeats two more Roman legions under Crassus.
The Roman troops were disorganized by defeat. Crassus decides to inflict the punishment of Decimation on his Roman soldiers for cowardice - this results in the Roman soldiers becoming more afraid of Crassus than of the gladiator army of Spartacus.
In 71 BC Crassus attempts to trap Spartacus and his slave army at Calabria by building a ditch and a wall, across the 'toe' of Italy from sea to sea. His plan is to contain the army of slaves and cut off their supplies. But Spartacus manages to break through the lines of defence built by Crassus and the slave army escapes towards Brundisium.
The two sides met in Lucania and a desperate battle ensued known as the Battle at the River Silarus.
This is believed to be the final battle and the death of Spartacus. In a document written by Appian of Alexandria (c.95BC-c.165BC) he stated that "The fight was long, and bitterly contested, since so many tens of thousands of men had no other hope. Spartacus was wounded in the thigh with a spear and sank upon his knee, holding his shield in front of him and contending in this way against his assailants until he and the great mass of those with him were surrounded and slain". The body of Spartacus is never found.
The death of Spartacus heralded the end of the slave uprising and the Third Servile War. Crassus wreaked terrible retribution on the slave army ordering that the 6,000 slave captives are crucified along the Appian Way from Brundisium to Rome. Their bodies were left to rot as an example to all slaves and any others who rebel against the authority of Rome. 5,000 of the slave army manage to escape capture and flee north. But they are met by General Pompey as he was returning from Spain, and completely cut to pieces. The Third Servile War (also referred to as the Gladiator War and The War of Spartacus) is crushed by the might of the Roman army.
Works Cited Biography of Spartacus. Roman Colosseum, 2008. Web. 20 April, 2011. <http://www.roman-colosseum.info/gladiators/biography-on-spartacus.htm> Sparacus- A Great Leader An exceptional leader to me
is a person who impacts positively the lives who they encounter. This person teaches and educates knowledge and skills to others. This person faces adversity and obstacles and prospers. An exceptional leader strives to bring others to higher greatness. A great leader sees what is wrong and changes it to right. A great leader sees his bretheren in trouble and brings them to prosper from slavery. Spartacus saw that Roman slavery was wrong and he would not stand for this. Spartacus knew by revolting it was a great risk and he knew that he may not even make it out alive, but he still tried for him and his fellow slaves and succeeded. He gathered slaves from all over and showed them that they could fight for what they believed was right. He taught them that there was a better way to live and that the Romans enslavement was wrong. Spartacus and his slave army fought many battles and won, showing the Romans that their people were better than slaves, and did not deserve this treatment. Even though the Romans won the war in the end and killed spartacus and the many slave soldiers he commanded, they could not take away there dignity. Because of Spartacus his soldiers did not die as slaves, but as free men which is what they wanted. Spartacus was a great leader and changed history. Today, he is a great example to all of the oppressed people of any country and try to get a better life.