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Imperialism In Korea

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Isabella Xiong

on 3 June 2017

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Transcript of Imperialism In Korea

Thesis: From 1910-1945 Korea was under the heavy influence of Japan as they took over and imperialized it, Japan and China fought over it in the Sino-Japanese War that resulted in Japan gaining control of Korea Japan began to oppress the people and when they could no longer take it they rebelled, won their independence and eventually split into North and South Korea in 1948.
Korea
Location: Asia, Korean Peninsula
Korea was known as Joseon before its imperialization.
Korea before Imperialism
Joseon Dynasty 1392-1897
King Jeongjo 1776-1800
Hermit Kingdom
Trade with Japan and China
Strong Bureaucracy
Elements of Japanese and Chinese society
Continued...
Decline of Joseon Dynasty
The Donghak Revolutions
Assistance of the Qing
First Sino-Japanese War
Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895
Establishment of Korean Empire 1897-1910
Imperialization of Korea

Japan annexed Korea in 1910
Japan began imperialization process (1910-1945)
Korea protected by China before, now China is of no help
After Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars Japanese gained more power over Korea
Continued...
Japan wanted to be viewed as a strong leading power in Asia
Wanted the resources in Korea
To follow in the footsteps of the West
Make Asia a "civilized" whole
First Emperor of Korean Empire;
Emperor Gojong
"We cannot wait for our neighbor countries to become civilized that all may combine together to make Asia progress. We must rather break out of formation and behave in the same way as the civilized countries of the West are doing... We would do better to treat China and Korea in the same way as do the Western nations."
Fukuzawa wrote this in 1885 and was Japanese enlightenment thinker who saw the potential in Korea and his experiences in both Europe and the U.S. shaped his ideals on the topic of modernization.
Fukuzawa Yukichi
Japan's Quest for Power
Japan expanded into Asia mainland
Created colonies in Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan
Colonies provided raw resources
Economic gain from colonies
Accessibility to European Nations
Treatment of People
Control Over Korea
Were discriminated against
Had to endure corporal punishment
Korean positions taken by Japanese
Teaching the Korean language was discouraged
Even speaking and writing in the Korean language was prohibited
Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905 gave Korea Protectorate status
Practiced Indirect Imperialism
Switched to Direct Imperialism
Soon Korea subjected to Japanese Imperial rule
Japanese Opposition
Japanese rule oppressive to an degree
Many Korean resistance movements
March 1st Movement
"Amhukki"- The Dark Period by Koreans
An outcry of Korean Independence
March 1st Movement
Also known as Samil Movement
Was a result of Japanese oppressive rule
Proclamation of Korean Independence to Japan
About 2 million Koreans participated in this movement
Japanese military sent to subdue so called revolts
Thousands massacre, hundreds injured, many imprisoned
Japanese rule became harsher after the event
Korea Gains Freedom
Japan's defeat in World War 2 brought an end to Japanese Imperialism in Korea
New found Independence splits Korea
U.S troops occupies southern Korea
Soviets troops take control of northern Korea
The 38th Parallel becomes the border between the two Koreas
Syngman Rhee becomes the first president of the Republic of Korea in 1948
A communist regime under the leadership of Kim Il-Sung in the north
On June 25, 1950, North Korea launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of the South
A ceasefire was signed in July 1953
Conclusion
Under Japanese rule Korea no longer was a hermit kingdom, it began to modernize just like the rest of the world, it went through the same grievances that many of the other imperialized nations were going through and ultimately gained its independence later resulting in the splitting and creation of two very different societies one a locked down dictatorship the other a very modern, industrialized place.
Korea Today
South Korea
North Korea
Republic of Korea
13th to 14th largest economy in the world
One of the most modern countries in the world
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Isolated from the world
A despotic government
Korean Imperialism
Ebonee O'Bryant & Isabella Xiong
Period 3

Syngman Rhee
Kim Il-Sung
Full transcript