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Transcript of Great Expectations
By: Charles Dickens
The Childhood of Pip and Dickens
--Magwitch, the convict who threatened Pip as a child, turned out to be Pip's benefactor and Estella's father.
Style and Technique
deals with the psychological and moral growth of the main character
is writing that attempts to illustrate accurate speaking patterns, speech, habits, thoughts, and terrain of a specific region.
--Compeyson is Miss Havisham's ex lover who jilted her at the altar. Also, he is the second convict Pip met when he was younger.
--Biddy and Joe end up getting married despite the fact that Joe is at least 20 years older than Biddy.
1824-Charles' father is sent to debtor's prison
Charles must leave school and start to work
Charles felt betrayed and abandoned by the adults who were supposed to care for him
Charles is thrust out of his childhood
--Dickens went through a bad divorce. Recently, a letter was found, written by Dickens, stating how badly he wanted to leave his wife. Dickens' distaste for women can be seen in the novel--any woman from Pip's childhood was portrayed as abusive, rude, or heartless.
This is the letter that was found in an old Bible.
(left) Pip and Estella
(right) Pip and Magwitch
-- Foil a character who is different from a perhaps more main character. The difference between these two characters points out specific characteristics of the main character.
--Pip and Herbert turn out to be best friends, but they did have a fistfight at Miss Havisham's s house when they were young.
-- Estella and Biddy
--Pip and Herbert
--"Ha!" he muttered then, considering. "Who d'ye live with--supposin' ye're kindly let to live, which han't made up my mind about?"
-- Dickens often used betwixt instead of between.
-- Characters often use improper contractions to shorten words.
"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say, and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a whitesmith, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith. Diwisions, among such must come, and must be met as they come...You and me is not two figures to be together in London; nor yet anywhere else but what is private, and beknown, and understood among friends."
“You are part of my existence, part of myself. You have been in every line I have ever read, since I first came here, the rough common boy whose poor heart you wounded even then. You have been in every prospect I have ever seen since--on the river, on the sails of the ships, on the marshes, in the clouds, in the light, in the darkness, in the wind, in the woods, in the sea, in the streets. You have been the embodiment of every graceful fancy that my mind has ever become acquainted with.”
“I loved her against reason, against promise, against peace, against hope, against happiness, against all discouragement that could be.”
"...for he gave me a look that I did not understand, and it all passed in a moment. But if he had looked at me for an hour, or a day, I could not have remembered his face ever afterwards, as having been more attentive."
Revenge is apparent in the text all throughout this novel. For example, Miss Havisham raises Estella in such a way that Estella seeks revenge on all men, whether innocent or not. Although the revenge was meant to harm others, in the end, it only harmed herself (Estella). When Estella tried to get revenge, she was only inflicting pain upon herself.
Motivation To Better Oneself
Pip is motivated to change throughout the book. He wants to become a gentleman.
Pip is very motivated to figure things out. He wants to find the answers to any questions or mysteries present in the book.
For example, Pip connected Molly and Magwitch. He concluded that they were Estella's parents.
Molly, Estella, Magwitch, Mr. Jaggers, Compeyson