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Brief History of Architecture
Transcript of Brief History of Architecture
Prehistoric Architecture 0-3049 BC
Stonehenge is made from 150 huge rocks set in a circular pattern on the Salisbury Plain in southern England. Most of Stonehenge was built in about 2000 BC.
The construction of Stonehenge
Classical Architecture - 850BC-476 AD
The Parthenon sets on top of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. This landmark example of Classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome has shaped the way we build today.
Ancient Egypt 2500 BC- 900 BC
The pyramid form was a marvel of engineering that allowed ancient Egyptians to build enormous structures.
Construction of the Pyramids
Gothic - 1100-1450
Built in the thirteenth century, Chartres Cathedral in Chartres, France is a masterpiece of Gothic Architecture. Early in the 12th century, new ways of building meant that cathedrals and other large buildings could reach soaring heights.
Renaissance - 1400-1600
Villa Almerico-Capra, also known as Villa La Rotonda, by Andrea Palladio. Between 1400 and 1600, Classical ideas were reborn in Italy and northern Europe. This period is known as the Renaissance, which means born anew in French.
The Baroque Palace of Versailles in France began as a simple stone and brick home designed by Philibert Le Roy in 1624. In 1669, architect Louis Le Vau began a detailed renovation and expansion.
Baroque - 1600-1830
Rococo - 1650-1790
Archbishop's Palace at Prague Castle, Czech Republic. Rococo architects applied Baroque ideas with a lighter, more graceful touch.
Neoclassical - 1730-1925
Neoclassical, or "new" classical, architecture describes buildings that are inspired by the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. The West Front of the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington DC is a great example of this style of architecture.
Beaux Arts - 1885-1925
Combining classical Greek and Roman architecture with Renaissance ideas, Beaux Arts was a favored style for grand public buildings and opulent mansions. This is a photo of the Beaux Arts Vanderbilt Marble House in Newport, Rhode Island.
Neo-Gothic - 1905-1930
Built in 1924, the Tribune Tower by Raymond Hood and John Howells is Neo-Gothic in design. 20th century Neo-Gothic skyscrapers borrowed details from medieval Gothic architecture. The Tribune Tower in Chicago is an example of Neo-Gothic design.
Art Deco - 1925-1937
The Art Deco Chrysler Building in New York City has jazzy automobile ornaments. With their sleek forms and zigzag designs, Art Deco buildings embraced the machine age.
Modernist Styles - 1900-Present
Modernism was not just another style - it presented a new way of thinking about architecture. I.M. Pei's museum at Cornell is Modernist in approach.
Postmodernism - 1972-Present
Combining new ideas with traditional forms, postmodernist buildings may startle, surprise, and even amuse. Philip Johnson's At&T Headquarters (now the SONY Building) is often cited as an example of postmodernism.