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The Prophets

9th Grade Scripture
by

Mary Lipscombe

on 30 January 2015

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Transcript of The Prophets

Our class will only look at the more prominent Old Testament prophets.
Israel splits into two kingdoms: Israel and Judah
The Divided Kingdom
There are 16 books of prophecy in the Old Testament. Each book is named after one of the prophets.
(Sometimes people consider Lamentations [written by Jeremiah] as a 17th prophetic book. Lamentations is then considered a major prophetic book [which will be explained in a minute].)
Old Testament Prophets
The prophecy books are divided into "major" prophets and "minor" prophets.
A prophetic book is considered major or minor simply based on how long the book is.

There are 4 major prophetic books and 8 minor prophetic books.

(This is excluding Lamentations. As mentioned above, Lamentations would be considered a major prophetic book, moving the above count up to 5 major and 8 minor.)
Major and Minor Prophets
God has done too much for the Israelites to just let them fall apart completely.

When He sees the Israelites falling away, He send a message of repentance to them through the prophets.
When the Israelites are taken captive by the Assyrians and Babylonians respectively, God continues to send prophets to remind them that God is with them.
Elijah
The four major prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel
(and like I said before, sometimes people throw in Lamentations as the fifth major prophetic book).

The prophetic books are listed in size order in the Bible, from biggest to smallest. So Isaiah is the biggest major prophetic book and Daniel is the smallest major prophetic book.
The Major Prophets
The prophets are relaying a message directly from God
They aren't attempting to predict the future. They are trying to get the Israelites to repent and turn back to God.
The vision the prophets have is incomplete.
Remember what we said about the literary genre of prophecy...
Israel
Judah
Southern kingdom
Made of two tribes: Benjamin & Judah
Their kings come from the line of David (Rehoboam is the first king)
Have a mix of good and bad kings
Get conquered second; conquered by Babylon (a less brutal empire)
Northern kingdom
Made of the remaining 10 tribes
Kings are not from David (Jeroboam is first king)
Have only bad kings
Get conquered first; conquered by Assyria (known for being harsh toward their enemies)
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Jonah
Prophet in Israel
Does not have prophetic book

Announces drought to King Ahab (1 Kings 17:1-7)
Widow & her son (1 Kings 17:8-24)
Priests of Baal (1 Kings 18:21-38)
Elisha is his disciple & successor
Daniel
Prophet in Judah
First major prophet, recorded in the prophetic book of Isaiah

Messages pertain to before, during, and after Babylonian Exile
Servant songs that foreshadow Jesus (Isaiah 42:1-4, 49:1-6, 50:4-9, 53:1-11)
Prophet in Judah
Major prophet, recorded in prophetic book of Jeremiah

Prophetic life
Teen prophet
Harshly persecuted
Conflicts with false prophets
Summary
Prophet in Judah
Major prophet, recorded in the prophetic book of Daniel

Trained adviser to Babylonian court (Daniel 1:3-7)
Lion's den (Daniel 6:1-24)
Vision of four beasts (Daniel 7)
Prophet in Israel
Minor prophet, recorded in prophetic book of Jonah

Jonah & the whale (Jonah 1-3)
Prophet in Judah
Major prophet, recorded in the prophetic book of Ezekiel

Prophecies often have to do with Temple
Has important vision of the new Temple (Ezekiel 40-48)
Elisha
Prophet in Israel
Does not have prophetic book

Successor of Elijah (1 Kings 19:15-16, 19-21)
More tame than Elijah (who seemed a bit wild, behaving similarly to John the Baptist)
Did a lot of personal ministry but also advised kings
What are the names of each of the two kingdoms that comes from the division?
Describe the line of kings from each kingdom.
What are the qualities of a prophetic book?
How many prophetic books are there?
What's the difference between the major and minor prophetic books?
Who are the four major prophets?
Describe each of the prophets we discussed.
Which of the prophets we discussed have prophetic books named for them?
Israel before division
Division into Israel & Judah
(Note that these well-known prophets are major prophets or have prophetic books named for them.)
Full transcript