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The History Of The Flute

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by

Nicole Loucas

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of The History Of The Flute

1100-1200
Music was not written for each individual instrument, so commonly flutes were referenced to duct flutes such as recorders and the tabor pipes.

Flahutes d'argent traversaines
or 'silver transverse flutes' was the first literary reference given to the flute by Adenet le Roi.
900-1000
1300-1700
The flute's sound was compared to the trombone and the trumpet. In pictures from this time show the flute accompanied by the large bells, the drums, the bagpipes and the trumpet. In the 15th century, the transverse flute became rare for about 70 years. Commonly referred to as the "fife," the flute was used in the military to signal precise movements to the armed soldiers.
1700-1800
The flute became very popular as a solo instrument and in the mid 18th century, music-lovers from all over began offering concert opportunities for prospering flute soloists. Also, opera scores and the Italian operatic style added more music that really showcased the flute.
Charles Nicholson played a significant part in this time frame as his father altered the flute so it had a larger embouchure and larger finger holes. By doing so, this made the flute's pitch more powerful but yet still elegant which also made the instrument have a clearer tone.
1900-2000
There are few female artists heard of in 1906, but women were still excluded from playing in orchestras. Doriot Anthony Dwyer was one of the few women flautists and she also was the first to win a principal chair in a major U.S. orchestra.
Silver modified-Boehm flutes became the most popular type of flutes used in orchestras all over, except for Germany and England. At this time, wooden flutes were completely discontinued.
How Does The Flute Make Such A Beautiful Sound?
When you blow into the mouthpiece of the flute, the air goes through the body of the instrument causing it to slightly vibrate. You can change the pitch of the flute by altering your embouchure to the note you wish to play. The range of the flute is from Middle C (C4) all the way up three octave to C7. The flute produces a powerful but yet very delicate sound. The flute's compelling sound is demonstrated in the piece "Adagio" by G.F. Handel.
The History Of The Flute
Now...What In The World Are Flutes Made Of?
Flutes today, much like the ones we use in class, are made of silver-plated metal such as yellow brass. But on the other hand, most professional flutes are made of solid silver. A fun fact about actually making the flute, it takes over 150 pillars, rods, keys, rollers and springs to make one!
By: Nicole Loucas
The flute was originally known as the "German Flute" because it was first discovered in Germany. The flute was introduced into Europe by the Byzantine Empire in the middle ages.


Bits And Pieces About The Flute
Over 30,000 years ago a carved bone was found in a cave in France. Not just any bone, but the flute as we know it as today! The flute is now very popular...and silver! But about 3,000 years ago, it was made of wood and was held sideways to be played.
Through all of these years, the flute has been different sizes, pitches and has traveled all over the world!
Charles Nicholson (1795-1837)
Most Importantly: What In The World Is A Flute?!
Finally, but most importantly, the flute is a 26 inch tube with a diameter of 3/4." There are three parts of a flute; the head joint, body joint and foot joint. Along the topside of the instrument there are 16 holes, 11 of them can be closed directly by seven fingers and one thumb, and the other 5 are closed by conjoining keys. There are other components of the flute such as the tuning cork, embouchure plate, the mouth hole, tuning sides and tenons and also pedals among the keys.
Charles Nicholson (1795-1837)
Bibliography
Information...
www.flutehistory.com
www.fluteinfo.com
Pictures...
www.bostonconservatory.edu
www.freewebs.com
www.zazzle.com
www.europehistory.boisestate.edu
www.eriktheflutemaker.com
What Does The Flute Say: Let's Listen!
Song: Morning Mood
Composer: Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)
Performer: Limburgs Symphonie Orkest
In this performance of "Morning Mood" I loved how strong and dominant the flute is displayed. The flute gives the piece a very light and cheery sound. The tone quality of the flute in this piece is very powerful and smooth. When I hear this song, it definitely reminds me of a spring morning, hearing the birds singing away bright and early. I must say that Edvard Grieg did a wonderful job composing this song!
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