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The Quest for Nationality in Literature and Art

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Kevin Peralta

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of The Quest for Nationality in Literature and Art

The Quest for Nationality in Literature and Art By:
Andrew Fischer
Kevin Peralta
Pravda Quinones
Rigo Mejia How did Americans express their distinctiveness in their literature and culture? Roots of the American Renaissance:
American Renaissance, the increase in number of books and artwork made by American authors and artists and the spread of the idea that the they can be separate from European influence and create their own culture Trandscendentalists:
change of writing from essays to novels driven by plots, emotions, and characters, not as moral based, although their still might be a moral to the novel, more plot based So how did Americans express their distinctiveness in their literature and art?
Americans developed their own style of writing, by moving from essays to more novels based upon plot and emotion, and by writing more fiction.
ADD MORE STUFF FROM EACH SECTION Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville were two major writers of the 1840s to 1850s who primarily wrote fiction. However, Edgar Allen Poe wrote both fiction and poetry. Although Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allen Poe ignored Emerson's and Cooper's call to write about everyday experiences of their fellow Americans or distinct American heroes, they were huge contributors to the Renaissance. Psychology rather than society fascinated the the writers. Therefore, leading them to probe the depths of the human mind rather than the intricacies of social relationships. All three writers reflected their view that American life lacked the materials for great fiction. Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the Scarlet Letter in 1850 based on New England's Puritan past. Herman Melville used his own experiences as a sailor and the lore of New England's whaling industry to write his masterpiece Moby-Dick in 1851. Edgar Allen Poe wrote many short stories such as "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" and "The Cask of Amontillado" in England. Alexis de Tocqueville predicted that in democratic nations, while rejecting many of the traditional sources of fiction, would explore the abstract and universal questions of human nature. Literature in the Marketplace The suspicion that commercialism corrupted art did not disappear during the American Renaissance.

Authors began to write for profit.

Emerson invented the vocation of "lyceum" lecturers. Lyceums, local organizations for sponsoring lectures, spread throughout the North.

Authors such as Emerson "toured" the country lecturing as a source of income. New technology in printing benefited authors by reducing the price of books. Cheaper paperback versions of novels replaced their more expensive hardcover predecessors.

Fiction spread as a form of writing, especially for women. The most common form of fiction was the sentimental novel. Sentimental novels were stories about women, by women, for women. American Landscape Painting Hudson River painters' special contribution to American art was to emphasize emotional effect over accuracy.

George Catlin: A painter who tried to preserve a vanishing America. His life's work was to paint as many Native Americans as possible in their pure and "savage" state. These paintings made him famous.

By the 1830's, urban growth prompted landscape architects to create little enclaves nature that might serve as sources of spiritual refreshment to harried city-dwellers.

Fredrick Law Olmsted: In 1858, New York City chose his plan for its proposed Central Park. He became the park's chief architect. His vision was to make the park look as much as the countryside in order to make it an idealized version of nature. Thus nature was made to mirror art. Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau,Fuller, and Whitman So how did Americans express their distinctiveness in their literature and art? Comparison to a Different Text Book Give Me Liberty!

The American Renaissance was not an extensively explained topic. While our book had 8 pages dedicated to the emerging nationality of literature and art, this text book had a variety of scattered information throughtout the relative time. Although it did not have as much detail as our book, they still mentioned authors such as Emerson, Cooper, Melville, and Poe. They also mentioned the Hudson River school as well as the landscape architect Fredrick Law Olmsted. In our book, all of these are specific key terms, but in Give Me Liberty they are only mentioned here and there. Hawthorne, Melville, and Poe James Fenimore Cooper introduced the American fictional character Natty Bumppo. This character was a hunter who loved nature and blamed farmers for animals dying off and the deforestation of what he thought were majestic forest. He was an important figure in transcendentalism for his work of fiction. Ralph Waldo Emerson was the most influential spokesmen for the American literary nationalism. He was a leader in transcendentalism as well. He said that people should follow what they believe is right and that no is wrong. He also had many followers such as... Emerson Henry David Thoreau! He wrote "Civil Disobedience" in which he defended a citizen's right to disobey unjust laws. He also went to live in a log cabin to separate from society and write Walden. Its main message was that people could satisfy their wants easily with only a few weeks worth of work leaving them time to examine their main purpose in life. He wanted to be away from the crowd and hated how people follow without questioning themselves. Margaret Fuller received a Harvard education from her father. She was largely inspired by Emerson and wrote Woman in Nineteenth Century. She said women cannot achieve fulfillment preached by Emerson without developing intellectual ability and overcoming fear of being called masculine. Walt Whitman was a poet and wrote the poetry book, Leaves of Grass. He was different than other poets for he didnt use rhyme or meter in his poems making them very blunt. He wrote poems that were considered to be nonsense because they were weird and random. Although he faced criticism, Emerson called him "the poet of America."
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