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Transcript of Social Control
Broader than the political is the concept of social control, which refers to "those fields of the social system (beliefs, practices, and institutions) that are most actively involved in the maintenance of any norms and the regulation of any conflict.
Antonio Gramsci developed the concept of hegemony for a stratified social order in which subordinates comply with domination by internalizing their rulers' values and accepting the naturalness of domination.
Weapons of the Weak
PUBLIC TRANSCRIPT: open, public interactions between superordinates and subordinates--the outer shell of power relations.
HIDDEN TRANSCRIPT: the critique of power that goes on offstage, where the power holders can't see it.
Politics, Shame, and Sorcery
Nicholas Kottak did an ethnographic field study of political systems, and social control more generally, among the rural Makua of Northern Mozambique.
They explain that the existing order is in everyone's interest.
Often promises are made.
Hegemony, the internalization of a dominant ideology, is one way in which elites curb resistance and maintain power.
The dominants act like haughty masters while their subordinates show humility and defer.
small-scale acts of resistance--"weapons of the weak"
Sensing danger, the elites discourage such public gatherings.
Hidden transcripts tend to be expressed publicly at certain times and in certain places.
Three fields of social control: political (cadeia), religious (enretthe), and reputational (ehaya) systems.
The efficacy of social control depends on how clearly people envision the sanctions that an antisocial act might trigger.