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The York Play of the Crucifixion
Transcript of The York Play of the Crucifixion
Shape the Modern World Soul Saving From these lines, you can see how the first soldier was telling and guiding the other soldiers on what to do. Even today we have leadership. Gambling/Competition Even on his way to being crucified by the soldiers, Jesus only seeks to save the souls of these men. We can see that this is a continuity through the years because Jesus is still saving souls today through Christians witnessing to people around them. (Lines 25-26, Lines 113-114 footnote #5, Line 297 footnote # 5) All the soldiers are competing and gambling for the cloak. This is continued in modern day because people still compete and gamble in order to gain something, no matter what it might be. Forgiveness When Jesus speaks, we see he is asking for forgiveness from God for the soldiers and people walking on the streets. We still do this in our society by praying to God to forgive those around us and also ask him to forgive us as individuals. Prayer Prayer has always been a form of confessing or asking for help from God. We see this being used by Jesus in The York Play, along with Religion in our world today. Teamwork In The York Play of the Crucifixion, Soldiers work together to get Jesus ready for the Crucifixion. We still use teamwork now-a-days on class projects as well as in business settings. Leadership Devils Gambling The soldiers gambled. Continuity and Change
in Human History Leadership has been around since humans first came about. We can see it shown tremendously in The York Play of the Crucifixion by Soldier 1. It is also still shown in many people today, and is actually described as a character or personality trait. (Lines 1-5, 48, 197-200, 288-290) (Lines 49-60) (Lines 209-216) (Lines 49-60, Lines 253-264) Labor/Working We see that the soldiers are working hard to do the deed they are suppose to. Also We Jesus speak directly to the people on the streets and tell them that their “labor will not be lost”. We still know labor now as a way of life. If we do not work we aren’t guaranteed to have anything. (Lines 197-215 footnote #7) Crucifixion One of the changes that have occurred is crucifixion. Around the 15th century, it was common to crucify people, but now it is unlawful to do such a deed. Another change that ties into this is the fact that back then people did not believe Jesus was really God's son. We now have the believeth that if Jesus were to come back, we would not crucify him. (Lines 291-298 footnote #4 & 5) Leadership The York Play of the Crucifixion (Lines 259-264 footnote #5) Class Activity -Break into groups of four
--Each group will take the part of a soldier.
-Take 5-10 minutes to Read the part of your groups soldier and provide textual evidence describing their personality.
-Discuss each soldiers personality Soldier #1: Leader
Soldier #2: Wanna-be Leader
Soldier #3: Follower
Soldier #4: Follower, on top of things Discussion Questions
-What are some similarities and differences from The York Play of the Crucifixion in comparison to the Bible?
-How well do you think the soldiers used teamwork? Did it work or not?
- How do you feel Jesus was portrayed in The York Play of the Crucifixion? How did he react? Timeline 1375-1400 We see records of The York Play beginning at this time.
1397 Richard II comes to watch The York Play Cycle
1415 After this time, the plays were revised by a gifted playwright known as the York Realist
ca. 1425 The York Play of the Crucifixion is revised. Timeline Late 14th to 15th centuries The great English mystery plays were formed in independent, powerful cities.
-During this time the plays were performed every year, somewhere between May 21st and June 24th. Timeline 1530s Reformation in England
1560s-1570s Cycles survive into the reign of Elizabeth
1567 White Chapel in London opens
1569 The last performance of the York Cycle Works Citied (Lines 293-296) (Lines 61-63 foot note #3) Sacred figures or gods of other religions where depicted as devils. Masculinity/Independence The soldiers were depicted as Independent and masculine. (Independent: Line – 169 to 170 p. 402)
(Masculine: Line – 201 to 202 p. 403) The soldiers were hard working. Hardworking (Line 91 to 92 p.401) The York Play of the Crucifixion. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. I. Gen. ed. Stephen Greenblatt. 8th ed. New York: Norton, 2006. 398-406. Print.
David, Alfred, and James Simpson. Headnote. The York Play of the Crucifixion. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. I. Gen. ed. Stephen Greenblatt. 8th ed. New York: Norton, 2006. 398. Print.
David, Alfred, and James Simpson. Headnote. Mystery Plays. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. I. Gen. ed. Stephen Greenblatt. 8th ed. New York: Norton, 2006. 406-407. Print.