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Transcript of Casa Huarte
Architect: Luis Barragán Sert House ( Cambridge)
Architect: José Lluis Sertº Cela House (Mallorca)
Arquitecto: Molezún Muratsalo (Finlandia)
Architect: Alvar Aalto Auxiliar building for the Bank of Spain (1984, Madrid) Huarte House (1965-1966,Madrid) Cela House (1961-1962, Palma de Mallorca)
The development of architectural forms coincides, in a deliberate, with the country's political evolution. The first example of the change was the prize won by Spanish architects, Corrales and Molezún International Fair in Brussels, with the hexagonal pavilion.
They will be the two most important cities of the country, Madrid and Barcelona, the rewarded with new forms, visions and styles.Examples of the times were the architects Fisac Oíza, Coderch, ... Cela House (Mallorca) Huarte House (España) Comparison with another buildings Maison Luois Carré (Francia)
Architect: Alvar Aalto When Civil War broke out in July 1936, the maximum interest offered by our architecture is focused on the work that is produced by direct influence GATEPAC (Artists and Technical Group for the Development of Contemporary Architecture).
The war was a violent interruption of creative activity.
After the war and in the early years of the dictatorship, ruling imposing architecture, ie, the architecture was determined by the patriotic zeal and, therefore, for the exaltation of the figure of Franco. An example is the Valley of the Fallen.
The war is a cultural and economic change, which architecture responds with a stoppage of the modernization process. Sert House ( Cambridge) Huarte House (España) Luis Barragán House (Tacubaya, México) Huarte House (España) Luis Barragán House (Tacubaya, México) Huarte House (España) Cela House (Mallorca) Huarte House (España)
These are times of revolutions utopias and proposals within the protruding Japanese architects, the most creative and innovative at the time.
The urban experience extraordinary change. One of the most significant is the Archigram group, of English origin, from Pop aesthetics and the world of comics, which came to discern a city that could move its legs of the houses that resemble large spacecraft.
Clear dominance of the Modern Movement linked to the International Congress of Modern Architecture (CIAM).
Two distinct streams: rationalism and organismic functionalism. Luis Barragán House (Tacubaya, México) Huarte House (España) Cela House (Mallorca) Huarte House (España) Huarte House (España) Maison Luois Carré (Francia) Functional House Contextual House Pastor Bank (1973, Madrid) Bankunion Building(1970-1975, Madrid) Spanish Pavillion at the International Exposition in Brussels (1958) Juvenile Residence of Miraflores de la Sierra (1957-58, Madrid)
cooperating with Alejandro de la Sota. Outstanding Works Sert House ( Cambridge) Sert House ( Cambridge) Huarte House (España) Huarte House (España) Muratsalo (Finlandia) Constructive House Prizes National Prize of Architecture of Spain (1954)
Prize for the Spanish Pavillion at the Universal Expo of Brussels (1958)
Architecture Prize of the Triennial Arts in Milán (1955 )
Golden medal of the Spanish Architecture(1992) National Prize of Architecture (1948, 2001)
Prize for the Info Pavillion for the City Hall of Madrid (1957)
Prize for the Spanish Pavillion at the Universal Expo of Brussels (1958)
Prize Studies Circle of Arquitecture in París
Prize for Urbanization of Huerta del Rey (1960)
Golden Medal of the Spanish Architecture (1992)
Prize from the Architecture Institution CEOE (1999) “Exterior brick and handmade stoneware plate, flat tile mauve shots with special design in galvanized painted cedar exterior carpentry seen Pearson type." East Facade South Facade West Facade North Facade Situated in Puerta del Hierro, Madrid. Erected for the family Huarte en 1966. Projects III teacher at the College of Architecture of Madrid between 1981 and 1985 Dwellings in Silvas in 1997 Dwellings in Sitges in 2004 Charles III University, in Madrid, colaborating with Rafael Olalquiaga and Gerardo Salvador Molezun Auxiliary building for the Bank of Spain in Madrid in 1984 Dead on July 25, 2010 in Madrid. Dead on October 1, 1993 in Madrid Barrié de la Maza Foundation in La Coruña with Olalquiaga and Salvador Molezún in 1990 Facultry of Telecommunications Engineering and Computering of Málaga between 1988 and 1995 2010 2000 1990 Facultry of Fine Arts in La Coruña in 1986 Vanguard House Inside / outside materiality Dining room and study under sloping roof Inside living South courtyards Main access at the Nort facade Built the school in Alfaro 1953 Constructed the education institute at Herrera de Pisuerga, Palencia, between 1952 and 1955 First collaboration with Ramón Vázquez Molezún, wining the second prize of a projects contest in the Sciences Facultry in Barcelona in 1952 Constructed the education institute at Herrera de Pisuerga, Palencia, between 1952 and 1955 First collaboration with José Antonio Corrales, wining the second prize of a projects contest in the Sciences Facultry in Barcelona in 1952 Second prize for the Casa Sindical of Madrid in 1950 Got practices at the studio of his oncle Luis Gutiérrez Soto, between 1946 y 1949. Got a grant at the Spain Academy in Roma between 1949 and 1952, after winning the contest with the subject “Proyecto para un faro votivo a la traslación por mar de los restos del apóstol Santiago” 1950 Get the degree at the College of Architecture of Madrid in 1948 Born on November 5, 1921, in Madrid 1940 1920 Get the degree at the College of Architecture of Madrid in 1948 Born on September 2, 1922 in La Coruña José A. Corrales Gutiérrez Ramón Vázquez Molezún Biography Return to teaching at the College of Architecture of Madrid in 1981 Residential buildings next to the M-30 between 1980 and 1983 Bank of Spain of Badajoz in 1982 Soling flats at the Manga del Mar Menor between 1978 and 1979 Preciados Galleries, coworking with Rafael Olalquiaga in 1979 Soling Apartments at the Manga del Mar Menor between 1978 and 1979 Initiation of the project for the Sotogrande Port in 1978 cooperating with Rafael Olalquiaga External Bank of Málaga in 1978 Residence building at Oleiros cooperating with Gerardo Salvador Molezún between 1977 and 1978 Corrales House between 1977 and 1978 Buildings of Conde Orgaz in 1976 National hostel in Seo de Urgel, cooperating with José de la Mata and Ignacio Luzarraga between 1973 and 1978 Bankunión Building, constructed between 1970 and 1975 Resindence building at streets Primavera-Palloza in La Coruña, erected collaborting with Gerardo Salvador Molezún and Rafael Olalquiaga between 1970 and 1974 1975 1980 Second phase of the Oasis Hotel in Maspalomas between 1969 and 1971 Parrochial center Cristo de la Misericordia between 1971 and 1973 La Roiba (Bueu summer covert ) in 1969 First phase of the Oasis in Maspalomas between 1966 y 1967 Residential building in Balbina Valverde, Madrid between 1966 and 1967 Elviña polygon, Neighbours Unity in La Coruña between 1965 and 1967 Second phase of the Oasis Hotel in Maspalomas between 1969 and 1971 Tabanera House between 1968 and 1969 Ending of the project for the Poblado Dirigido in Los Almendrales between 1958 and 1973, cooperating with José Mª. García de Paredes Barreda y Javier Carvajal Ferrer Catena House in 1966 ITT Building for Standard Electrics, cooperating with Felipe García Escudero in 1970 Pastor Bank Building, cooperating with Gerardo Salvador Molezún and Rafael Olalquiaga in 1973 Pastor Bank building, cooperating with Gerardo Salvador Molezún and Rafael Olalquiaga in 1973 1970 Started the project for the Poblado Dirigido of Los Almendrales in 1958, cooperating with José Mª. García de Paredes Barreda and Javier Carvajal Ferrer. Worked as a teacher at the College of Architecture of Madrid since 1961 Galúa Hotel at the Manga del Mar Menor between 1965 and 1967 Nautical Club at the San Juan dam in 1961 Hotel in Sotogrande between 1963 and 1965 Profidén building in Madrid in 1960 Pastor Botí House in 1955 1965 Huarte House at Puerta de Hierro between 1965 and 1966 Selections building for the Reader’s Digest between 1962 and 1965 Built the Cela House in Palma de Mallorca between 1961 and 1962 Cela House in Palma de Mallorca between 1961 and 1962 1960 Designed the juvenile residence of Miraflores de la Sierra coworking with Alejandro de la Sota. (1957-1958, Madrid) Winner of the contest for the Spanish Pavilion at the International Brusells Expo of 1958 1955 INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC CONTEXT THE 50s INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC CONTEXT THE 60s NATIONAL HISTORIC CONTEXT NATIONAL HISTORIC CONTEXT Historical Context Analyzing the Huarte House Huarte House I José Antonio Corrales Gutiérrez I Ramón Vázquez Molezún Muratsalo (Finlandia) Huarte House (España) Muratsalo (Finlandia) Huarte House (España) Started the project for the Poblado Dirigido of Los Almendrales in 1958, cooperating with José Mª. García de Paredes Barreda and Javier Carvajal Ferrer. Designed the juvenile residence of Miraflores de la Sierra coworking with Alejandro de la Sota. (1957-1958, Madrid) Winner of the contest for the Spanish Pavilion at the International Brusells Expo of 1958 Profidén building in Madrid in 1960 Selections building for the Reader’s Digest between 1962 and 1965 Huarte House at Puerta de Hierro between 1965 and 1966 Galúa Hotel at the Manga del Mar Menor between 1965 and 1967 Catena House in 1966 First phase of the Oasis in Maspalomas between 1966 and 1967 Residential building in Balbina Valverde, Madrid between 1966 and 1967 Ending of the project for the Poblado Dirigido in Los Almendrales between 1958 and 1973, cooperating with José Mª. García de Paredes Barreda y Javier Carvajal Ferrer Bankunión Building, constructed between 1970 and 1975 Bank of Spain of Badajoz in 1982 Preciados Galleries, coworking with Rafael Olalquiaga in 1979 Residential buildings next to the M-30 between 1980 and 1983 Auxiliary building for the Bank of Spain in Madrid in 1984 "Four main ideas prevail in the Huarte House. Comfort, isolating, functionallity and privateness. Modern values are magistrally integrated with vernacular references, parts are related to the whole, architecture and gardening are two parts of the same."
History Service, Architecture Foundation COAM Introducing “Architecture spreads out qualifying all the plot” COAM Prize 2005 Front page or the Architecture Magazine - 1966 Radiators wall recesses Installations Pearson type windows without carpentry “ The Superonics House” Overview of the spaces of the Huarte House Plans Technological House North-East view South-West view Service personal areas Common spaces Rooms Main Entrance Service access Pool courtyard Public courtyard Gardens Rear parking courtyard "Aluminum blinds white, creepers of various kinds, such as mauve flower glicinio, used extensively.” Contemporary architecture understood as something stylistic and not chronological.
It was characterized by the simplification of forms, lack of ornament and conscious renunciation classical academic composition, which was replaced by an aesthetic with references to the various trends of modern art called (Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, ...).
New materials such as reinforced concrete or steel, and the use of technology at the time, changed the way of designing and constructing buildings.
From the 60s, their approaches are beginning to be questioned and leads to a multitude of proposals. One of the most interesting architects Kenzo Tange, who along Korokawa and Arata Isozaki, representing metabolism, which is based on: megastructures, outrigger beams, hanging nets, buildings such as cubic boxes.
It continues to develop seismic technology to bring more stability to skyscrapers, geodesic domes, etc.. Devastated landscapes, insufficient financial means after the war, the country's industrial underdevelopment, poor housing demand by the middle class vanguard, the exile of the principal architects, etc.. determined that these years not submit too many visual and technical innovations. In the 40 is reused academicism and historicism and 50 starts a recovery towards more modern styles. Challenge: create modern cities simplified comfortable and could accommodate, in sanitary condition and not overcrowded, to the tens of thousands of immigrants who came to the cities in search of employment from rural areas.
In Madrid emerged Employee Home and Barcelona the "Group R" composed of architects very different but who saw a way integrative design for cities and their inhabitants. In the seventies is felt outside influence on projects. Cultural revitalization after the consolidation of democracy. The architects, with many difficulties begin to open roads to functionalism and rationalism, played by the state as a sign of progress and renewal, and a means to reinstate Spain international life and overcome isolation. New trends come to Spain through self and staff.
The big problem was to accommodate modest working classes who came to the city in search of employment. It creates a program to end the slums. Thanks for your attention!!