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Jodhvir Nagra

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Genoa

Genoa and the Renaissance
Location of Genoa
Influence of Geography
Wealth and power came from the location on important trade routes within Italy
Crossroads of traffic and culture between western Europe and the Mediterranean
In 1261, navy gained control of Constantinople, the largest city in Europe
Wealthy families in Genoa founded Banco San Giorgio (The Bank of St. George)
In 1300's, families struggling for control agreed to a truce
Truce allowed city to focus on expansion
Population grew to 100,000 by 1400 due to economic success
Trade and economic systems
The Bank of St. George financed the trade and navy of Genoa
People could borrow money at low rates, buy boats, hire more sailors and build new ships to explore new lands, increase trade, and travel even more
One of Italy's major economic centres
Its location made Genoa one of medieval Europe's major centres of trade and commerce
Christopher Columbus
born in the Republic of Genoa
Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer
completed 4 voyages across Atlantic
Led to European awareness of American colonies
In 1528, Andrea Doria became dictator
During his rule, Genoa experienced the Renaissance in art and architecture that already occurred in other areas of Italy
Before that, Genoa was governed by rival families
How did the economic and political systems of Genoa help shape the Renaissance world
How did the social systems and culture help shape the Renaissance world
By: Jodhvir Nagra
Genoa used to be ruled by rival families. They, together, managed to found the Bank of St. George. When Andrea Doria became dictator in 1528, he used the wealth accumulated over the years to help Genoa experience the Renaissance. Wealthy families paid for frescoes,a type of watercolour painting, and palaces. They hired artists from all over Italy to beautify homes and public buildings.
The economy of Genoa was very well and stable, giving citizens an opportunity to take advantage of the wealth provided by the trade. This led to many advantages in technology and science. Without this wealth, it wouldn't have been possible for Genoa to go experience the Renaissance.This wealth was used by Andrea Doria to help Genoa experience the Renaissance.
Northwestern Italy
Tyrrhenean and Ligurian Sea
Italy's main commercial port city today
In the middle of the sea and mountains to the north
The Grimaldi Family
Family began by ruling a small piece of land west of Genoa
Grimaldi family ruled Principality of Monaco for more than 700 years
Made it prime destination for worlds wealthy and famous
History Cont.

The city's strength declined after 1463, when it lost Constantinople in a battle with the Ottoman Turkish Empire
The city-state of Milan, and later France, took control of Genoa
Thanks for watching
Social Systems and Culture
During the Middle Ages, Genoa was governed by rival families and clans. The fighting between families weakened the city-state. In the 1300's, they agreed to a truce. This period of peace allowed allowed the city-state to expand its trading empire.
Center of exploration
Because Genoa is a port city, this allowed explorers to go off on expeditions for new land. The Bank of St. George funded many different explorations, even those of Christopher Columbus.
Walled City
Genoa, during its long history, had been defended by walls. To this day, large portions of these walls remain, and Genoa has more and longer walls than any other city in Italy. The first known walls were built in the 9th century. The Barbarossa Walls were named after Frederick Barbarossa, who was the King of Italy and even a Roman Emporer. The 14th century expansion of Genoa called for more walls to protect the expanded city. Finally, in the 16th century, Andrea Doria was worried the walls would fall so he had them "modernized" for protection.
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