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The Underground Railroad

Summary, Northern and Southern Views, Contribution to the Civil War, and a Primary Source
by

Sean Menon

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad
Summary
Northern Views
Contribution to the Civil War
-Didn’t think that the north was doing enough recapture run away slaves.
-Believed that those who were helping runaways were stealing and taking property.
-They were willing to pay thousands of dollars to recapture runaways because they thought that their pay off would be greater than that throughout a lifetime.

Contribution to the Civil War
Established around 1780- 1862
The growth of the abolitionist or their movement was of great cause to the war. The Dred Scott case, Fugitive slave act, and Missouri compromise drove more anti-slavery advocates to arise


-South believed the north wasn't doing enough to stop escaping slaves: Some northerners would capture them and resell. Others were devoted to helping them escape.
-Larger focus overall of the Underground railroad was slavery its self: There was a question of whether the new states would be free or slave. This brings in the Missouri Compromise, Wilmot Proviso, Compromise of 1850, and Kansas Nebraska Act all into play or consideration.



An informal system designed to help slave escape to safe areas or Canada
Kept secret so they wouldn't get caught
Safe houses were known as depots or stations, and we're usually 10-20 miles apart
The stations were run by station masters
•In between stations a conductor would journey with the escaped slaves, which were known as passengers, to the next station
•Agents provided housing or made arrangements for them and came up with escape routes
•Those who contributed were known as stockholders
•The system was run by northern abolitionists
Summary
The Primary Source
Thank you for listening and learning!
Brought to you by:
~Annie Yang
~John David Hatgas
~Sean Menon
~Tim Cropper
Special thanks to:
*Mr. Turner
*The Coffman Library &
*Questia School Online
Wishing all of you the best of goodbye.
(copyright and terms of use: 2014)
Summary
•Quakers were extremely helpful as conductors
•Escaping slaves were mostly helped by free blacks in the north and south
•The escaped slaves were usually only helped after the more dangerous part of the journey; escaping from the Deep South
-Black men and women regardless of if they were slaves were sometimes kidnapped and hidden until they would be taken to the south and resold to slavery (reverse underground railroad).
-Many northern abolitionists helped house and provide for escaped slaves
-Vigilance in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia (mostly) provided food, lodging, and money for fugitives and helped them helped them settle into the community by finding jobs and providing letters of recommendation.

Southern Views
"Still They Come: Underground Railroad in Active Operation."

Buffalo, Dec. II, 1854.
Full transcript