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Hundred Years' War

Brian Chan, Sophey Dong, Shruti Upadhyay, Therase Kim SS Jackson P7
by

Shruti Upadhyay

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Hundred Years' War

Hundred Years' War
Weapons
The English
The French
How it brought an end to feudalism
English Longbow
Dynastic Turmoil: 1314–1328
French Crossbow
1328 - 1337: Before the War
Gonne
Cannon
Tensions between England and France grow- disputes of throne inheritance
English lands on the mainland- war
In France, Capetian kings die out when Charles IV passes away
Edward III king of England- claim to French throne
French did not want Edward as king- declared Philip VI rightful heir
Family Lineage Connnecting the French and English Royal Houses
Background
General Information
Medieval Europe
and
The End of Feudalism
King Philip VI of France
King Edward III of England
French and English Lands in 1328
•Slow and small.
• Very limited range.
•As dangerous to the user as to the opponents.
•Easy and inexpensive to mass produce.
•Relatively easy to learn how to use.
•Could pierce through armor easily.
•An early example of firearm usage.
•Fired slower than the English longbow
•Required less training than the English longbow.
• Had more force than the longbow.
•Usually made of ash or yew.
•Load the arrow and draw it, then wait for the chance to fire.
•Press the trigger and the arrow flew.
•Used effectively by the English to defend against the French.
•A huge bow that could be anywhere from 3 feet to 6 feet tall.
•Only people who had trained for years could be proficient at it.
• Very hard to draw.
•Usually made up of durable wood.
•English won the battles of Crécy (1346), Poitiers (1356), and Agincourt (1415) with his weapon.
The French Side
Joan of Arc
Lived 1412-1431, born in village of Domremy as a peasent girl.
At childhood, her father told her the horrible conditions of France, how most of France was being controlled by England.
Started hearing voices and visions of angels telling her to go to the king, Charles VI, and help save her country. They told her to drive the English out of France and give the French crown to France's true king, Charles VI's son.
Became inspired and went to the king to help him.
Won many battles for the French such as the battle at Orleans.
She inspired the French, and gave them a feeling of nationalism.
Nationalism strenghtend the army and the central monarchy.
Battles Won by the French
Battle of Montie ~ 1369
Battle of Chiset (Chizai) ~ 1373
Battle of Beaugency16 ~ 17 June, 1429
Siege of Orleans ~ 1428 ~ 1429
Battle of Patay ~ 18 June 1429
Siege of Compiegne ~ 1430
Battle of Gerbevoy ~ 1435
Battle of Formigny ~ April 15, 1450
Battle of Castillon ~ July 17, 1453
Battle of Ardres ~ 1351
The End of Feudalism for the
French
and
English
Important People For the French
Feudalism was a strong force and caused people allegiance to live with their particular lord.
States within France depended more on local lords than king.
Because of new development of weapons, country's fighting techniques were outdated and weaker. Greatly contributed to initial defeats of the French.
Contrast between armies proved a forceful contribution factor in France's drive-away from Feudalism.
Over the course of war, France witnessed an increase in monarchical power due to people's complaints about the feudal system's shortcomings such as limitations in fighting and in the protection of the serfs.
English
Economy
People heavily taxed
Tribunes due to armies-buying protection
Expensive mercenaries
Aristocracy restrict opportunities for peasants
Catholic Church-"the confiscation of all church wealth and lands"
Peasant Revolt-Wat Tyler
Military
High skilled troops
Calvary, infantry
Advanced weapon-longbow
Result
Loss of thousands of lives
No claims to French land except Calais
Parliament
End of feudalism and rise of nationalism
Advance in literature, education, science, technology
Three major battles-Crecy, Poiteirs, Agincourt
Cadsand-1337
Sluys-1340
Auberoche-1345
Najera-1367
Calais-1346
Les Espagnols sur Mer-1350
Cravant-1423
Herrings-1429
English Victories
England
No more monarchy and rise of nationalism
More importance in Parliament
Reformation of country and change in people's thinking
•1337- 1453
•Fought on French soil
•War between the Plantagenet kings of England and the Valois kings of France
•War began with a letter from Edward III of England sent to Philip VI of France
•Lasted five generations of kings
•Important Monarchs of England
•Important Monarchs of France
1328- English lands on the mainland

1329- The Homage and friction between Philip and Edward

1331- Resolution between Philip and Edward

1333- England goes to war with King David II of Scotland, an ally of France

1334- Robert of Artois

1336- Philip makes plans

1337- Philip declares the loss of Gascony by the English
Edward sends a letter to Philip
Important People
Edward III-king who started war, claiming french throne
Richard II-successor, attempt to weaken aristocracy, dethroned
Henry IV-replacement, occupied with England issues, loss of land, founded Eton College
Joan of Arc - A peasent girl who led the French Army through many battles and insipred the French to fight. Gave the French a sense of nationalism.
Charles V- King of France during a French highpoint during war. He regained much land from the English from the Treaty of Brétigny.
Charles VII- King of France at the end of the war. Regianed all of France excpet Calais, and united France.
Philip III - Also known as Philip the Good was the Duke of Burgundy. During his reign Burgundy reached its height of prosperity and prestige. Switched between the French and English alliances through the Hundred Years' War so he could improve his own dynasty.
Philip VI - The war began with Philip VI's seize on Gascony, which led Edward III to fight for the French throne.
Flash Fact:
Shakespeare
Flash Fact:
Joan of Arc in the media
Flash Fact:
The Hundred Years' War in literature

Works Cited
“British History Timeline.” BBC. BBC, n.d. Web. 2 May 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/timeline/middleages_timeline_noflash.shtml>.
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“The Effects of the Hundred Years War.” Hyper History. N.p., 2010. Web. 1 May 2010. <http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/comp/cw07war100kings.htm>.
“England.” The World Book Encyclopedia . 2010 ed. Vol. 6. 2010. Print.
English and French lands in 1328. Map. Hundred Years’ War. Invicta Media, 2003. Web. 22 Apr. 2010. <http://www.theotherside.co.uk/tm-heritage/background/100yearswar.htm>.
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Exploring the Middle Ages, vol. 4: Education-Government. Tarrytown: Marshall Cavendish, 2006. Print.
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“The French Monarchy: House of Valois.” Chart. The Royal House of Valois. valois.net, n.d. Web. 1 May 2010. <http://www.valois.net/>.
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Hickman, Kennedy. “Hundred Years’ War: English Longbow.” About.com: Military History. The New York Times Co., 2010. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/smallarms/p/englongbow.htm>.
“Hundred Years’ War.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War>.
Invicta Media. “Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453.” Hundred Year’s War. N.p., 6 Nov. 2003. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. <http://www.theotherside.co.uk/tm-heritage/background/100yearswar.htm>.
King Edward III, the youngest king of England. N.d. Top Ten Youngest British Monarchs. Crunkish, 2008. Web. 22 Apr. 2010. <http://crunkish.com/top-ten-youngest-leaders/>.
Lace, William W. Hundred Years’ War. San Diego: Lucent, 1994. Print.
Long, Tony. “Aug. 26, 1346: First Cannon Fired in Battle, Maybe.” Wired. Condé Nast Digital, 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. <http://www.wired.com/thisdayintech/2009/08/0826crecy_cannon/>.
Portrait of King Philip VI of France. 1901. LIFE: Portrait of King Philip VI of France. Google, 2008. Web. 22 Apr. 2010. <http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=edbf1284db1f53d8&q=King%20Phillip%20VI%20of%20france&prev=/images%3Fq%3DKing%2BPhillip%2BVI%2Bof%2Bfrance%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26tbo%3D1%26nfpr%3D1%26tbs%3Disch:1>.
“Timeline of Monarchs.” Chart. House of Plantagenet. Wikipedia, 29 Apr. 2010. Web. 1 May 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Plantagenet>.
What was the Hundred Years' War?
How did it bring and end to the feudal system?

Let's take a look...
And that, is the Hundred Years' War.
~Brian Chan, Sophey Dong, Shruti Upadhyay, Therase Kim~
France
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