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Dancing through History

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Damion Malachi

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Dancing through History

Rituals Came from tribal societies and groups Are traditional clusters of actions to influence gods and spirits Served as features of significant occasions and events that were important to tribal existence Was used in reference for fertility, hunting, healing, and other things in different tribes Fertility rituals were the most important ritual to man Had power and gave people energy after a long day of work Was also used to bring mystic states around trance dances became prevelant and was first used to invite spirits to take part in their dances Renaissance Ballet started to obtain it's roots Normally done in Courts and for the wealthy showed off one's wealth, power and dignity Clothing and costuming was very extravagent Known best for the dance of "Romeo and Juliet" depicted two high society families, their fueds and their love struck children Gugielmo Ebero is the most famous dance master of this period and arranged the entertainments for the court festivals as well as gave dance lessons to the wealth Preclassic dance steps led to the classical dance aspects of this era Preclassic/Classic dance came and developed from combinations of peasant folk dances and dignified court processions dances were put into two categories: Basse Dance & Haute Dance Basse danse is slow steps that are close to the ground Haute Danse is more upbeat movements that are high and sometimes off the ground movement quality was very minimal and had limited body movement and simple, but pleasing to the eye footwork Thanks to King Louis XIV, men became the focal point of dance during this era dance and professional ballet became a tradition under his rule loved dance and being the center of attention so much that he started taking formal dance lessons and at age 14 and danced six different roles in La Ballet de la Nuit he demanded to be worshipped and treated like a god whenever he danced and people was in his presence It was his declaration that the royal ruler was like the sun, and the kingdom was the planets that revolved around and was dependent on. Where the name "Sun King" came from The prestige way ballet is done today has a lot to do with King Louis and how he used proper manners and dignified movement in his dance etiquette It was during this time that vocabulary began to come about but there was still no set word(s) for certain movements carved into stone Carlos Blasis is another important figure in academic ballet technique because he organized the technique and is credited for setting the vocabulary and standards during this era It isn't until later in dance history that vocabulary was really defined and had set names such as a pirouette. Just like Carlo Blasis, Salvadore Vigano also studied under Jean Dauberval and gave a revelation to dance when his featured Marie Taglioni's nude body in a dance composition Romantic Known for many dances during this time such as "Giselle," "La Fille Mal Gardee," "La Sylphide," and "Coppelia" This era opened dance up to emotions and love Was seen as a fantasy that came from reality Dance reached it's powerful moment during this time and the Romantic aspect really reached its peak during the Fench Revolution Artist during this time was more interested in digging deeply into one's feelings and emotions Filippo Taglioni was big during this era and his style really flourished and became well known choregraphed Ballet of the Nuns and gave the lead female role to his daughter, Marie Taglioni Marie Taglioni dance etiquette and personality went well with the Romantic ballet concept revolutionized ballet in two ways because she was soo well trained in technique and how to carry herself 1. through her attitude toward teachnique
2. through her manners and personal carriage while performing dancing "en pointe" got it's small debut from Marie, but wasn't fully developed and used until later years after her La Sylphide, choreographed by Carla Fracci and danced by Marie Taglioni, was one of the big highlight dances in the Romantic era its storyline depicts a young man's dreams and aspirtions and how sometimes they fade away unexpectedly people credit this dance composition for the use of the bell shape tu-tu, but like using pointe, tu-tu's weren't really dveloped and used until a few years later Theophile Gautier, chorepgraphed Giselle and gave another side of ballet through his perception of sex appeal and eye pleasing movement to him, romance was meant for sensual, fleshy beauty instead of spiritual nobility Giselle's influence was spiritual arms and aesthetic legs and not sensual movements despote his opinion of romantic ballet Arthur Saint-Leon showed the kinship between music and dance when he choreographed and directed "Coppelia" "Coppelia was a comic collaborations of "La Sylphide" and " Giselle" it was also the only comical dance in this era It was during this dance era when men went out of the spot light and women came to power and preference in dance Imperial Russian dancers and choreographers began to flourish Italian and French choreographers were bigger and more known and prevalent When dance terminology came into play and actual terminology began to be put with the movement in French terms was very popular with his music composition for choreographers, such as his music in "Swan Lake," "The Nutcracker," and other well known and famous dance pieces Marius Petipa was so well known and good in ballet, that the ballet era was soon named the Age of Petipa it was his era of shine and distinguishment choreographed 60 or more ballets His style was like those of the Renaissance but with a new twist and taste The wealthy and royal paid much respect to him for his contribution to dance and for the way he helped dance reach an even higher point in history Experimental
Modern Michel Fokine First choreographer of the Ballet Russe Believed that: ballet should be staged in conformity
Pantomime should fit the style of the period it's used in
Ballet should be uninterrupted
Compositions shouldn't be interrupted by applause
Music should express the storyline of the ballet and it's emotional intentions Choreographed "Fire Bird" which was a combination of Russian fairy tales Nijinsky Star male dancer of the Ballet Russe
"Rite of Spring"
Revolutionized dance with controversial situations and gestures Avant-Garde focal point was more on unusual effects of sound and decor Modern Pioneers of Modern Dance Isadora Duncan Mother of Modern Dance
Grew tired of the normal womens wear in dance Ted Shawn Started his dance career when he did dance as physical therapy
Married Ruth St. Denis and together they formed the Denishawn Dance Company
Founded an all men dance troupe when he divorced St. Denis Ruth St. Denis Created powerful dance compositions that moved her viewers
Started her dance career as an actress Lois Fuller Known for scarf dances Rudolf Laban More important as a dance educator
Directed three thousand people in movement choirs for the opening part of the Berlin Olympics
Known for Labanotation & the Laban Movement Analysis Mary Wigman Her modern dance was a little different from the American way of modern dance
Wanted to rediscover the fundamental laws of human movement
Had a rooted, dark, mysterious and heavy style of dance
Is the most famous European modern dancer Gertud Kraus Attributed her success to Isadora Duncan
Used Hasidic hand gestures and traditional biblical themes Kurt Joos Choreographed "The Green Table"
refers to the bargaining table of International diplomacy German Choreographers/Dancers The Big Four Martha Graham Inspired her students with her belief in individual dignity and courage
Was a Denishawn student
Left her Denishawn roots and started developing her own style of dance in 1928
Danced in "The Rite of Spring"
Found a way for all elements of dance to compliment and reinforce each other and produce powerful compositions
Really set modern dance in stone
Experimented around with contraction and release Doris Humphrey Studied Denishawn for 10 years
Started her own modern dance career when she was in her twenties
Started her own dance company with Charles Weidman and Pauline Lawrence
Produced "Water Study" in 1928
In 1931, she composed "The Shakers" that was noted in Labanotation
Fall & Recovery Charles Weidman A Denishawn dancer
Left Denishawn when Doris got kicked out and later married her
Developed the Humphrey-Weidman technique with Doris Humphrey Brought German modern dance to America after Hitler took power and destroyed all hopes of dance Hanya Holm 2nd Generation Pioneers Jose Limon Thought choreography demanded formally disciplined treatment of movement themes
Started dancing under the Humphrey-Weidman Company at the age of 22
After a few years, he left the company and started his own company with Pauline Lawrence
Choreographed and produced "The Moor's Pavane" & "The Exiles" Lestor Horton Believed in vivid shapes and lines moving through space
Never stayed with one set dance piece at one time
Looked at dance simply for dance
Choreographed for movies, clubs, plays and other things Merce Cunningham Used avant-garde aspects during modern time and developed chance dances Katherine Dunham Formed her own dance company in 1938
Remembered most by her production of "Tropical Revues"
Used her background in Anthropology and incorporated it into dance
Believed in marriage of dance and culture
Jazz/modern Pioneer Post-Modern/Contemporary
Embraced individuality within herself and her dancers
Wanted them to dance for her but also to embraced their own personal touch and being
Wanted to emphasize natural movement and emotions and not the defined technical aspect like everyone before her
Embodied her own ways and methods of dance and put them in her dance compositions
Gave birth to a new meaning of dance
Instead of just dancing to tell a story with robotical emotions, she wanted to show the real thing through her pieces
Has a very unique style and meaning of dance, and I would love to take some classes under her instructional style
"In The Upper Room" is her most famous compostion Twyla Tharp Yvonne Rainer Came up with the idea of contact improvisation which gave way to contemporary dance
Wanted to explore contemporary dance and define what it really ways
She thought there were other ways of moving the body and explore different movements but also still look define and perfected
Through her exploration of the body and dance, she developed the use of isolations
Through her experimental contemporary dance phase, she use no music or set structure, integrated technology into dance, and opened a new layer of dance through her experimental dancing Bill T. Jones contemporary dancer
relates real work and movement vocabulary to real world situations
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