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Troublesome Verbs 4.3
Transcript of Troublesome Verbs 4.3
There are several pair of verbs that seem to be particularly troublesome. Be careful not to misuse them.
When you teach you give out infor-
mation, and the person receiving that in-formation learns (if they remember it!). When you
information moves away
from you; and when you
it moves towards you.
Teach or Learn
Borrow or Lend
to another person.
from another person.
Lie or Lay
The main difference between the two words is that
. The only reason these verbs present a problem for anyone is that the past tense of the verb "lie" is identical in appearance to the present tense of the verb "lay."
Rise or Raise
The verbs raise and rise both refer to something going "up". The main difference between them is that
. If you raise something, it means that you elevate it - you move it up or lift it to a higher level. If something rises, it means that it elevates itself - it goes up itself. No external force is needed to lift it. But note that there is not always a physical movement; sometimes the meaning is just "to increase".
Sit or Set
that means "to rest in an upright, seated position" or "to be in a place".
means "to put or place something".
Principal Parts for Teach & Learn
Principal Parts for Lend & Borrow
Principal Parts for Rise & Raise
Principal Parts for Sit & Set
teach taught (have) taught (are) teaching
learn learned (have) learned (are) learning
lend lent (have) lent (are) lending
borrow borrowed (have) borrowed (are) borrowing
rise rose (have) risen (are) rising
raise raised (have) raised (are) raising
sit sat (have) sat (are) sitting
set set (have) set (are) setting
to take things to the place you are going
to bring things to the place you are
Take or Bring
Principal Parts for Take and Bring
take took (have) taken (are) taking
bring brought (have) brought (are) bringing
Principal Parts for Lie and Lay
lie lay (have) lain (are) lying
lay laid (have) laid (are) laying
Let or Leave
. It is always transitive; therefore there will be a direct object.
allow to be
. Depending upon its meaning in a sentence, it may be either transitive or intransitive.
let let (have) let (are) letting
leave left (have) left (are) leaving
Principal Parts for Let & Leave