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Apartheid

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by

Alie Reily

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Apartheid

Apartheid
in South Africa
1948-1994
Rules Under Apartheid
Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act- prohibited marriages between non-whites and whites
Immortality Amendment Act-prohibited adultery between white and non-whites
The Group Areas Act - forced people of different races into living in designated areas
How are human rights won/lost?
FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela
What is apartheid?
The United States should be promoting human rights in third world countries more. This could just as easily happen again. Apartheid can be prevented if the United States and other countries in the United Nations keep a closer watch on how those countries' governments are developing.
Human rights can be won or lost through labor strikes, protests, and international pressure. In South Africa, the labor strikes threatened the economy. In addition, negotiations like the one Nelson Mandela had can work towards getting human rights back.

1948: Policy of apartheid adopted when National Party (NP) takes power

1950: Population classified by race; Group Areas Act passed to segregate blacks/whites
1952: Pass Laws Act requires blacks to carry ID books at all times
1960s: International pressure against government begins; South Africa excluded from Olympic games
1970s: more than 3 million people forcibly resettled in black "homelands"
1976: more than 600 killed in black protesters and security forces clashes during uprising (starts in Soweto)
1977: Steve Biko, leader of Black Consciousness Movement, is arrested, dies of head injures in police custody
1985: Civil unrest increases, labor strikes threaten economy, over next 4 years thousands of blacks are killed, and detained media access is restricted
1994: South Africa holds its first democratic election, Nelson Mandela becomes president
1953: Separate Amenities Act; Bantu Education Act
The whites were only 9.6% of the population. The rising African resistance to the racially based system was endangering the small minority gains that the whites had slowly made from 1900-1940. To solve this problem, apartheid was put into place in 1948. "Thus, apartheid was very much about maintaining migrant labour, and extending the economic and political benefits of cheap and controlled workers not only for mines and farms but also for the now rapidly growing manufacturing sector" (SAHO, 1).
Under apartheid, the rights of the blacks in South Africa were almost completely taken away. They couldn't marry white South Africans, rent or occupy property in "white-zones" without permission, or engage in political act. The government even sold the land they had forced black South Africans out of to white farmers at low prices. Apartheid is a crime against humanity. Other nations thought that it was racist and should be stopped, yet they didn't do too much to try to end it.

The End of Apartheid
- International pressure played a big role in ending apartheid, beginning in the 1960s, when South Africa was excluded from the Olympic Games.
- Nelson Mandela, an anti-apartheid activist, supported reconciliation and negotiation and helped lead the transition toward multi-racial democracy
-The National Party government made barely any functional change. In 1989 F.W. de Klerk repealed the Population Registration Act and most of the laws that formed apartheid. In 1994, a new constitution led to an elected government of nonwhite majority. In other words, apartheid had officially ended.


Apartheid is a system of legal segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948-1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed, and minority rule by whites was maintained
Apartheid is legal segregation. It was put into effect in 1948 by people who made laws that limit the rights of South African blacks and maintain white domination. Apartheid was ended by the people who had those laws forced upon them.
in other words...
Brief apartheid timeline
Racism is, in a way, a milder form of apartheid that can't be ignored. Racism is practically judging people for something that they can't help. It has always existed and probably, to some degree, always will. Apartheid was created out of racism. Other related topics can just as easily be made, making racism a dangerous trait that has to be contained.
Separate Amenities Act- "separate, but not necessarily equal" public facilities for whites and non-whites
Bantu Education Act- did the same as the Separate Amenities Act, except instead of public facilities, it acts on schools
Bibliography

"Apartheid." History.com. A&E Television Networks. 4 Dec. 2013 <http://www.history.com/topics/apartheid>.

"Biography." – Nelson Mandela Foundation. 04 Dec. 2013 <http://www.nelsonmandela.org/content/page/biography>.

"From Segregation to Apatheid." South African History Online. 4 Dec. 2013 <sahistory.org.za/segregation-apartheid>.
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