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Anorexia

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by

Melissa Chan

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of Anorexia

Anorexia
What is Anorexia?
Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a psychological eating disorder.
The patient distorts his/her body image because of the constant irrational phobia of becoming overweight.
The patient will often constantly attempt to lose weight to satisfy themselves.
Treatments
Anorexia causes serious health problems such as extreme weight loss and starvation.
Starvation can lead to serious short and long term health issues.
It may also lead to social dysfunctions like withdrawal from school, isolation from family and friends, or even suicide.
Health Impacts
Causes
References
1. Anorexia nervosa. (n.d.). In A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001401/
2. South Carolina Department of Mental Health. (2006). Eating Disorder Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.state.sc.us/dmh/anorexia/statistics.htm
3. Anorexia Symptoms and Effects. (n.d) In Timberline Knolls. Retrieved from http://www.timberlineknolls.com/eating-disorder/anorexia/signs-effects


Signs and Symptoms
Thin appearance
Fatigue followed by dizziness or fainting
Brittle nails
Hair that thins, breaks or falls out
Dry skin
Signs
Symptoms
Extreme weight loss
Abnormal blood counts
Elevated liver enzymes
Seizure
Constipation
Intolerance of cold
Irregular heart rhythms
Low blood pressure
Dehydration
Osteoporosis, the loss of bone calcium, which may result in broken bones
An anorexic person, after several years or even months of abuse, will look like this.
Low self-esteem and depression can cause people to try to relive themselves through self-starvation.
Having an obsessive or compulsive personality trait can cause a person to stick to dieting even though their weight is already healthy.
To help one treat one with anorexia, he or she much first realize that they have an eating disorder. Then, they can go to therapy, support groups, or ask for help in restoring their normal body weight and eating habits.
Gaining Weight:
Increase social activities
Reduce physical activities
Use schedules for eating
Therapy and support groups:
Therapy, and support groups can help change patients thoughts or behaviors to encourage them to eat healthier.
Medications:
People who suffer from anorexia may also suffer from depression and anxiety attacks, so antidepressants and mood stabilizers can help; however, it can not help one stop the urge of wanting to lose weight.
Genetics
Scientists believe that genetics play a major role in developing anorexia.
Behaviors such as perfectionism, sensitivity, and rigidity has a genetic tendency towards anorexia
Emotional
Social
Role models and peer pressure from friends and family may also affect a person's decision to start excessive dieting.
Data
About 1% of the US population is diagnosed with anorexia (3 million people)
5-10% of anorexics die within 10 years
18-20% of all anorexics die within 20 years
Only 30-40% actually recover from the disease
The mortality rate for anorexia is 12 times higher than all other causes of death for women between ages 15 and 24
Only 10% of the victims are male
Short Term Impacts
Malnutrition
Weight loss
Dry skin
Hair loss
Organ malfunction
Dehydration
Dizziness
Weakness
Depression
Low heart rate
Low blood pressure
Low body temperature
Long Term Effects
Extreme weight loss
Organ failure/malfunction
Irregular heart beats
Depression
Suicide
Death
Full transcript