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Essay writing skills and referencing

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Melanie Law

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Essay writing skills and referencing

Referencing and plagiarism We already know that all essays have 4 structural components/sections:

Last week we learnt about the first three sections.
This week we will look at Bibliographies. Essay writing Plagiarism - n "When you use another person's idea or a part of their work and pretend that it is your own" (CALD, 2008:1079). What is plagiarism? There are two types of plagiarism: Intentional: When you deliberately try to pass of someone else's work as your own.

Unintentional: When you unknowingly pass off someone else's work as your own. I'll just copy and paste this one sentence/paragraph. I'll just retype these words so they look like my own. But what is intentional plagiarism? I'll just buy/borrow this essay off the internet. 1) Introduction
2) Discussion
3) Conclusion
4) Bibliography BUT, before we can understand how to create an accurate bibliography, we need to know what referencing and plagiarism are. But what is unintentional plagiarism? Unintentional plagiarism is when you use someone else's words or ideas and don't give reference to them because:

1) You don't know how to, OR
2) You are unaware that they have said the words or expressed the ideas. But how do I avoid this? ASK someone or learn how to reference! Do proper research! Referencing Referencing - verb According to CALD (2008:1193), referencing is a way of showing your readers where you found the information/ideas/words that you have written down.

You do this by providing a reference to the source.

For each instance that you report another person's words/ideas/information, you must make use of two types of reference. In-text references (like little flags) Corresponding bibliographical/full text references Styles for referencing There are different ways/styles for how to write out references.

At NWU we use either Harvard, APA or the Faculty of Law style. This guide tells you about the 3 styles You can buy the NWU's Referencing guide at the Library
you can download the e-copy here: http://www.nwu.ac.za/sites/default/files/files/library/documents/verwysings.pdf Understanding how references work - Harvard This reference acts like a little flag in the text and marks where material is taken from another source. It looks like this: Bibliography/ full text reference In-text reference Author Date of publication Page in publication This in-text reference is an abbreviated reference to the full bibliographic reference. This reference occurs in the bibliography/source list and is the full reference to the source. It must have a corresponding in-text reference. Author Date Title Place of publication Publisher BOOK JOURNAL INTERNET

References give recognition to the original author from whom the facts are taken.

The author provides proof of where he/she got the information.

The references confirm the completeness of the study and lends authority to the writer’s views.

References allow the readers to consult the same sources as the author and serve as an additional source about the topic. Why is referencing so important? Editing your essay is very important.

At tertiary level common errors are unacceptable, and you will lose marks for careless mistakes. Authors who publish texts full of errors lose their credibility, and people don’t take them seriously.

When editing a text, there are two main aspects to look at:
Correctness – instructions, content, sentences, tense, grammar, punctuation
Appropriateness – tone, register, intention, language and style Editing your essay Instructions – have they been followed?
Content – is it relevant, accurate and logical?
Format – Introduction, body, conclusion, bibliography?
Layout and formatting – printed/written, font, size, spacing, headings?
Paragraphs – Does each contain one topic, are they linked?
Sentence construction – Full sentences, subject and verb, repetitive sentence structure?
Tense – is the tense the same throughout?
Concord – Are the nouns and verbs in agreement?
Word choice / diction – tautology, ambiguity, verbosity, cliches, slang?
Spelling – are there careless or frequent spelling errors?
Punctuation – is the punctuation appropriate, consistent, and correct? Editing checklist Homework Complete the essay assignment to be submitted in class next week.

Please prepare study section 2.1 for class next week. The items in the Bibliography should be listed in alphabetical order. Who will help me learn how to reference? If you want help to learn how to reference, you can ask a
librarian or a consultant at the Writing Lab See you next week!
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