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Chapter 3- Hinduism, Pt.1

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by

Rod Williams

on 12 October 2017

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Transcript of Chapter 3- Hinduism, Pt.1

Chapter 3-
Hinduism
, Pt.1

Origins of Hinduism
Considered the oldest world religion
No
identifiable founder
No
strong organizational structure
No
creed to define or stabilize
Many gods are worshiped
A family of beliefs vs. one single religion
Expanded over the centuries
India
Timeline
Early Stages
Ancient civilization existed in the
Indus River Valley
Pakistan today
Called the
Harappa
culture
Theories of beginnings
Existed nearly 3,000 years ago
Very advanced civilization
Streets and solid brick houses
Evidence of running water similar to Rome
Complex writing system still being translated
Vedic Period
2,000-500 B.C.
Possible Greek & Roman influence
Sacrifices to
nature gods
Hereditary priesthood
Outdoor
fire altars
Memorized Vedic
chants
Offerings
of food, drink, animals
Most Vedic gods are no longer worshiped
Major Literature
Vedas
- "
knowledge
" or "
sacred

lore
"
Originally oral, written over time
Oldest of the Hindu books, 1,500 B.C. or earlier
Rig Veda
- hymn knowledge
Yajur Veda
- ceremony
Sama Veda
- chant
Atharva Veda
- prayer/charms
Major Literature
500 B.C.
Upanishads
, c. 500 B.C.
Time of great change (
Axis or Axial Period
)
Questioning
of ancient beliefs
About 100 written works in
prose & poetry
Spiritual disciplines
Meditation
Important Concepts of Upanishads
Brahman

Atman

Maya
Important Concepts of Upanishads
Karma

Samsara

Moksha
Full transcript