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Copy of Capital Punishment - Extended Project
Transcript of Copy of Capital Punishment - Extended Project
Should capital punishment be reinstated into the UK? Why I chose to do extended project? - a challenge
- looks good on university applications
- a chance to research something new in depth Why capital punishment? Planning to study law at university so I wanted something that was linked in some way
Already interested in the arguments surrounding capital punishment since an RE lesson in secondary school
Needed to be on something that I would enjoy researching and not get bored of easily as 5000 words is alot What did I discover? Capital Punishment (sometimes referred to as the death Penalty) is the act of putting a condemned person to death.
The term ‘Capital Punishment’ firstly comes from the Latin word ‘capitalis’ meaning ‘of the head’ as an original form of execution was decapitation.
It was abolished in the UK under the Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 But should it have been? Retribution Right to life Should capital punishment be reinstated into the UK? For “Thou shalt give life for life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe” Exodus 21:23 “The measure of punishment in a given case must depend on the atrocity of the crime, the conduct of the criminal and the defenseless and unprotected state of the victim” Justice AS Ahand and NP Singh
Capital punishment provides the ultimate retribution. does this man deserve capital punishment? Andre Chikatilo aka The Rostov Ripper Deterrent Would the execution of murderers deter would-be murderers from killing? Norman Tebbit argues he shadow of the gallows would act as a deterrent. Protects the innocent Undeniable that a dead criminal cannot re offend. Since Capital Punishment was abolished in 1965, it has averaged that three people a year have been killed by people previously convicted of homicide. John McAdams from Marquette University argues that “If we execute murderers and there is in fact no deterrent effect, we have killed a bunch of murderers. If we fail to execute murderers, and doing so would in fact have deterred other murders, we have allowed the killing of a bunch of innocent victims. I would much rather risk the former. This, to me, is not a tough call.” Rehabilitation Not usually an argument for capital punishment but it is said that a criminal often takes his final moments to acknowledge his crimes and apologize in some way. Closure for victims families? "All serial killers should receive the death penalty; we should stop thinking about what’s best for people who murder our women and children. They’ll never change however long they are caged.” Cost effective? Not much in it but would the public be happier paying tax money towards the execution of criminals rather than keeping them alive and well in prison? Against If all this is true then why was capital punishment abolished in the first place? The abolition of capital punishment 1965 Sentencing someone to death takes away and violates one of our basic human rights. Why should the state have the right to do what they are punishing the murderer for? Hypocritical and vengeful Capital punishment is hypocritical as it punishes a crime with the crime itself. Why should the state doing it make it ‘okay’ or acceptable? “we cannot teach that killing is wrong by killing”, “To take a life when a life has been lost is revenge, not justice.” Responsibility Mahatma Ghandi “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind” Cannot fight criminal actions with criminal actions
Alternative punishments? Insufficient punishment? Sara Payne, mother of murdered daughter Sarah Payne stated that “I don’t think anyone should be able to take another’s life. It’s one of our core values as human beings living in a civilized country that you do not kill. A lot of people think it should be introduced for child killers. But I favor locking them up forever and ensuring they have a horrible time." What the prisoner wants? Many prisoners choose suicide over life behind bars. Capital punishment = painless death, an easy way out. "Lets do it" Irrevocable It is impossible to eliminate the chance of judicial error. ‘one innocent man being hanged should be enough to wipe out the value of capital punishment for ever” “The death penalty legitimizes an irreversible act of violence by the state and will inevitably claim innocent victims” Deterrent? The majority of murders are committed in
Moments of passion
Who considers the consequences?
In America, murder rates are statistically lower in states without the death penalty than in those that it remains.
Brutalities society? Who does the responsibility of the condemned person’s death fall on? Is it the state? The jury? Or is it the executioner? 1832-34 - Shoplifting goods worth five shillings or less X
1908 - people under 16 X
1931 - pregnant women X
1938 - suspended the use of capital punishment for five years of peace time (WWII broke out the following year)
1957 - Homicides Act restricted use of capital punishment to only five types of murder
Murder during the course and furtherance of theft
through shooting or an explosion
resisting arrest or causing escape
murder of a police officer or prison warden
committing two murders on different occasions.
BUT this equaled unfairness.
Why should someone be hung for shooting someone but not for strangling or stabbing them? Also murder was punishable by death if used in the furtherance of theft but not in rape?
This fuel public disquiet... but what else caused such public outrage that caused parliament to abolish capital punishment completely with the Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965? Derek Bentley "Let him have it!" These were the fatal words that convicted a man to death. It has been suggested that Derek was simply urging Craig to give up the gun. Was this evidence enough to take the life of a nineteen year old teenager? Timothy Evans Conclusion At the beginning of my project my personal bias was against capital punishment. I now feel even stronger that capital punishment should remain abolished.
hypocritical and vengeful
state should not have this right
unnecessary and risky Did this change?
No. But what do you think? What skills have I developed as a result of completing extended project? Essay writing
Time management Evaluation
Working independantly Referencing
- Before extended project I had done very little proper referencing. I now feel a lot more confident about the Harvard reference system and understand the importance of referencing correctly a lot more.
This will be extremely important when I move on to university. Researching
- Although I have done research before I have never had to do it in this much depth. As extended project is on a topic of your choice it is your job o find the information. This also links to my development as a independant worker. Do I regret taking extended project? Hard work, infuriating, time consuming but overall a huge learning experience.
I enjoyed researching in depth a topic of my choice.
If I could go back I would still do the same topic as I really enjoyed researching it and never realy got bored of it. There was plenty of information out there for me to find. Challenges? The log
- I found it hard to complete as it wasn't as interesting as completing my report and I had to be very reflective. However the log is just as important as the report so it was very important to complete.
- it sometimes got quite hard to keep on top of my extended project along with all of my other subjects and this meant it could get quite stressful as deadlines approached. Questions If you apply that concept to Chikailo then surely the only punishment would be death?