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The Action/Adventure Genre
Transcript of The Action/Adventure Genre
Action - "Action is the mode fiction writers use to show what is happening at any given moment in the story," states Evan Marshall (Marshall 1998, p. 142).
Adventure - The adventure novel is a genre of novels that have adventure, an exciting undertaking involving risk and physical danger, as its main storyline (Wikpedia).
Action/Adventure - Characters in an adventure and action story must face some sort of risk, like imprisonment or mortal danger (Zgd). The genre is comprised of a protagonist and antagonist.
-male, follows moral code, uses skills and ingenuity to succeed, out to stop the villain
-no moral code, uses skills and ingenuity to hinder the progress of the hero Setting: Usually the place takes place in an exotic, mysterious, or dangerous setting. Example in the film Indiana Jones and The Raiders of The Lost Ark, we see the first shot of the film takes place in some remote jungle in South America. In another film Pirates of The Caribbean’s: The Curse of The Black Pearl the setting takes place dominantly in uncharted open seas. In the novel The Hunger Games we are in a setting of an unsure post-apocalyptic U.S.
Protagonist Character: The main character, the hero of the film or novel, is usually just a regular person with remarkable endurance for danger and adventure. Example Indiana Jones is just an ordinary archaeological professor at the University of Chicago who is very clever in history and knows how to crack a whip well. Jack Sparrow is a good for nothing pirate who is lucky and has great agility. Katniss Everdeen is a regular young poor girl who is good at using the bow and arrow. The Action/Adventure Genre 1.Journey
"Yes, I believe I am ready. Open the door, Toby, and wish me luck. I am
off for the Choctaw Nation…" (Portis 68)
-harsh climate (snow/ cold)
-rugged land, lonely
-changing setting: ferry eastern Oklahoma wildernessBagby’s store
“We resumed our journey in thoughtful silence, the three of us now riding
together and pushing deeper into the Territory to I knew not what.” (Portis 73)
-Moon and Quincy in the dugout
“…Quincy brought the bowie knife down on Moon's cuffed hand
and chopped off four fingers which flew up before my eyes like chips
from a log...” (Portis 87)
-Ambush on Ned Peppers and his gang 3. Obvious Villain
-Chaney physically attacks/threatens Mattie in the stream (p. 123)
-Lucky Ned Pepper holds Mattie captive, has her sign stolen checks (counterfeiting)
4. Witty/Brave Hero(ine)
-Mattie outsmarts the ferryman and is able to ride Blackie into the water to follow Rooster (p. 69-70) -"Action (fiction)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Sept. 2013. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_(fiction)>.
-"Adventure (genre)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adventure_(genre)>.
-"Codes and Conventions of Action AdventureÂ Films." Brianair. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.
-Phillips, Peter. "Action Adventure Genre." Action Adventure Genre. Slideshare, 8 May 2012. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/PPHILLIPS446/action-adventure-genre-12854929>.
-Trent, Tiffany. "A CLOSER LOOK AT CROSS-GENRE ADVENTURE WRITING by T.s. Trent." A CLOSER LOOK AT CROSS-GENRE ADVENTURE WRITING by T.s. Trent. Freelance Writing, n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://www.freelancewriting.com/articles/close-genre-adventure-writing.php>.
-Turner, Joe. "Characteristics of Adventure Fiction." EHow. Demand Media, 05 Aug. 2010. Web. 07 Feb. 2013
-Zgd, Maria. "Action Adventure Stories." Story Lite Productivity Software for Writing and Editing. Story Lite, n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://www.storylite.com/genre-writing/adventure-action-hot-war-combat-stories/>. By Anna Garcia, Candy Carillo, Daniel Smith, and Lean Vizcocho Setting
-not stagnant, but changeable
-It “underlines the sense of danger and obstacles to be overcome” (Trent, “A Closer Look at Cross Genre Adventure Writing”).
-the characters are subjected to extreme situations and predicaments
-creates the fast -paced nature of the genre
-varies from large scale to small scale
-ex: brawls and war battles Protagonist Helpers: Usually the main character of the film has some form of companion or accomplice with him /her that help them out. Indiana Jones friend Sallah helps him in times of great trouble. Jack Sparrow and his friend Will Turner work together to recapture the black pearl and save Elizabeth. Peeta helps Katniss to survive the games.
Antagonist: They are easily recognizable as the “bad guys” in the story line and work hard to detour the hero from his/her goal or journey. In Indiana Jones the bad guys were the Nazis who wanted to prevent Indiana from finding the lost Ark. In Pirates of the Caribbean Captain Barbarossa and his crew of men were the antagonists who were trying to kill Jack Sparrow. Katniss’s antagonist were the rest of participants in the game and as well as the rest of society. Continued...
Goal/Journey: In all action/adventure films or stories there is always a perilous journey or goal that the main hero must go through or accomplish. Indiana Jones journey and goal is to look for and find the lost Ark. Jack Sparrow is on a mission to get back his ship, the black pearl. Katniss's goal is to survive the Hunger Games and make it back to her family.
Setbacks: The protagonist always encounters some setbacks throughout his/her journey. Indiana Jones has an emotional set back where he thinks he lost his best friend and lover Mariam. Jack Sparrow was captured and cast away on an island for short time. Katniss is dangerously injured for some time but is able to recover.
Happy Ending: The main character almost always gets what he/she wanted to accomplish and the ending is good. Although Indiana Jones does not attain the Ark of the Covenant he is able to walk away knowing the Ark was out reach from the Nazis and as well with the girl he was in love with. Jack Sparrow was able to recapture the black pearl and return as captain of his ship. Katniss survived the games and was able to return back to her family. Continued... Websites
-Each website provides different elements of action/adventure and subgenres like Robinsonades and Picaresque.
Texts & Films
-The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
-Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
-James Bond series by Ian Fleming -These all contain elements of action/adventure but are not limited to them.
-For example, The Lord of the Rings involves romance and fantasy as well as action/adventure.
-By knowing the different elements and certain examples of action/adventure genre sources, it becomes easier to write about action/adventure.