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The visual arts: Frank Lloyd Wright, art, architecture
Transcript of The visual arts: Frank Lloyd Wright, art, architecture
Art Surrealism Precisionism Define Surreal. Surreal- having the disorienting, hallucinatory quality of a dream, unreal, dreamlike. Based on this definition we can understand what the surrealistic movement was all about in terms of the visual arts movement.
The movement was founded in Paris, from the Dada movement which was a group of writers and artists, who were against cultural and intellectual conformity.
Surrealists, sought to channel the unconscious and to unlock the power of the imagination through literary and visual artistic work.
Surrealists believed that excessive rational thinking was the reason that WW1 came about. Precisionism was a movement that also appeared in the early 1900's. It was adopted from cubism and futurism. Artists of this movement depicted the modernized landscape using precise and sharp geometric shapes, which came from the modern buildings of the period. American Precisionist artists wanted to prevent any foreign european influence in their artwork. 1920's Arts and Architecture. During the 1920's unique non-traditional artistic movements began to appear.
Some of these movements included Surrealism, Realism, Precisionism, Cubisim, the Art Deco, Regionalism, and the Harlem Renaissance.
Photography had been invented, so the need for realist artists were diminishing.
Artists began coming up with new ways to show how they viewed the world.
Traditional artists began to acuse these people of rejecting Christian values, and being un-American.
But art lovers disagreed. They were very interested in new art work. History: Surrealist Artists Some famous Surrealist Artists were:
André Breton (founder of surrealism)
Yves Tanguy Surrealist Art Galatea of the Spheres
By: Salvador Dali Giacometti Dog
By: Alberto Giacometti Glass tears
By: Man Ray The Lovers
By: René Magritte LopLop
By: Max Ernst Self Portrait
By: Frida Kahlo Infinite Divisibility
By: Yves Tanguy Precisionist Artists Paintings Famous Precisionist artists Are:
Ralston Crawford Shaker Theme
By:Charles Sheeler Auction house
By:Charles Demuth The Watch Factory
By:Niles Spencer Bright Light at Russell's Corners
By:Georges Ault Overseas Highway
By:Ralston Crawford American Scene Painting (Regionalism) In 1913 an International Exhibition of Modern Art called The Armory Show was created by the Association of American Painters and Sculptors, and many artists began to reject this classical realistic painting style.
They wanted new ways to express themselves.
They resorted to artwork involving simple American scenes in everyday life which depicted extreme romanticism and nationalism.
American scene painting is the painting of objects in their natural setting and is often called Regionalism.
These paintings took place in many different settings such as cities, towns, or rural areas.
Some showed of simple times without the buzz of cities and industrialization. While othes were sold to political causes to make a statement. Cubism Realism Realism was an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s. Realism is an approach to art in which subjects are depicted in as straightforward a manner as possible, without idealizing them and without following rules of formal artistic theory. Realists attempted to portray the lives, appearances, problems, customs, of the poorer members of society. Truth and accuracy became the goals of many Realists, this meant that they drew what they had seen without any bias added. The artists simply focused on what was happening in front of them. Artists Some famous Realist artists were: Bastien-Lepage Jules
Dalou Jules John Steueart Curry
Thomas Hart Benton
Charles Burchfield Harlem
Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was originally called the new negro movement. it appeared between the 1920s and 1930s. The Harlem Renaissance African-American social thought that was expressed through the visual arts, as well as through music literature theater and dance. Instead of using direct political means, African-American artists, writers, and musicians used culture to work for goals of civil rights and equality. African Americans became more vocal and expressive about the state of society. Harlem Renaissance redefined how America, and the world, viewed African Americans. The migration of southern Blacks to the north changed the image of the African-American from rural, undereducated peasants to urban, cosmopolitan sophistication. Some Famous Harlem Renaissance were: Aaron Douglas
Lois Mailou Jones
Archibald J. Motley Cubism was one of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was the first style of abstract art which evolved at the beginning of the 20th century. It was pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso.The Cubist painters rejected the concept that art should copy nature, or that they should adopt traditional techniques of perspective, and modeling. Cubist Painters wanted instead to emphasize the two-dimensionality of the canvas, so they reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms. Photography had begun to replace painting as the tool for documenting the age, therefore artists needed a new method that expanded the possibilities of art in the same way that technology was advancing and extending the boundaries of communication and travel. This new method is called cubism. Cubism Artists included : Art Deco Movement 1920s Architecture Max Weber
Georges Braque 1920s architecture was built upon the idea of making life easier in residential buildings and making more commercial buildings.
The homes in 1920 were a mixture of homes in the 19th century and homes today.
Buildings were supposed to be more affordable, easier to heat & cool, and more hygienic. The point was modernization.
Architecture styles in the time were Art Deco, Tudor Revival, Bungalows, and Colonial Revival.
The 1920s is considered a modernistic period in architecture.
There were also new churches and industrial buildings. Art Deco These styles were similar to art deco art style. IT'S ALL ABOUT MODERNIZATION!
Zigzag patterns and vertical lines and geometric shapes to create the age of jazz type of look.
These buildings had hard edges, sometimes floral patterns, and were simple low cost buildings that were embellished with designs.
stucco, concrete, brick, smooth-faced stone, and Terracotta are materials frequently used to make art deco buildings.
they had flat roofs with spires, and sometimes chimneys were added.
Windows were square or round openings with repetitiveness of horizontal glass patterns. And doors were also sometimes made with glass. Tudor Revival This style is a mix of early and Medieval English building with beautiful traditional appearance
The point of these homes was to be traditional and charming looking.
This revival style in the United States is based off of Elizabethan and Jacobean eras of England.
These buildings have steep roofs that are high and pointy
Sometimes they were half timbered which means the wood framing on the inside was shown on the outside.
They had big chimneys, narrow windows with many panes, and they often had porches.
And they had beautiful pattens of stone and brickwork.
They were often made of stucco or masonry Colonial Revival Skyscrapers A nationalistic architectural style, garden design, and interior design style
It modeled itself after the Georgian Era of england.
There were often triangular shapes in these designs with gently downward sloped roofs.
Pretty dentils - (which are protruding blocks used for decoration on the side of a house.)
Pallidian windows - (three rectangular windows with a half moon shape on top of center window) And stain glass oval windows.
Sometimes included pillars.
Most popular architecural style of the 1920s Romanesque, Byzantine, early Christian, Lombard details
irregular yellowy-tan brick, roughened to look old
New York Marriott East Side and The Shelton hotel
Terracotta ornaments and lanterns were also used.
Art deco also used here! Palmolive (1929) and Board of Trade (1930) in the Vertical style
Most skyscrapers were based on Classic and Gothic architecture styles. Tamara Del Limpika
C.C. Cole Phillips
Will H. Bradley
Maxfield Parrish first appeared in France during the 1920s
rich colors, bold geometric shapes, and lavish ornamentation.
luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technology
showed glamourous women, flappers, trains, planes, all the modernization of the 1920s was shown in these American pride filled posters and paintings. Bungalows Based off Indian bungalows
Until 1906, bungalows were considered to be summer homes, small cottages by the lake or sea
All rooms on the ground floor is too expensive
To keep the similarity with the Indian bungalows they were often ground leveled.
Famous architects for bungalows - Greene Brothers in California
Made with hand wrought copper and iron work – not affordable
Large porches covered by roof that’s supported with columns
front door goes into the living room windows and doors to exterior porches or verandas
Large fireplace, built in china cabinets, bookcases.
All about grandeur and elegance.
Still used in California today, and many other places