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Non Fiction Text Structures

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by

Shanan Edelheit

on 27 May 2016

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Transcript of Non Fiction Text Structures

Non Fiction Text Structures
the ORGANIZATION of what we read
there are 2 types of texts that we encounter most
1) Narrative
2) Expository
a narrative text is a story. it has a plot, setting, and characters that act out a set of preset events.
expository writing is non fiction or informational text about events, people, or things. they present sequences of actual events, give directions, or present an argument.
in expository writing, there are set ways to organize and present information to make it easier for the reader to understand.

those set ways of organization are called TEXT STRUCTURES. we will learn 5 different types of structure for a text.
Description Text
A description text focuses on 1 topic. the information about that topic is grouped in ways that make sense; usually 4 for 5 descriptive categories. more complex description texts can have multiple subtopics.
bears
habitat
food
physical
enemies
MATRIX TEXT
a matrix text will compare and contrast
different information to look at how certain
things are similar or different. the matrix allows you to
compare
multiple things.
polar
brown
grizzly
panda
chicago
care
a list text is one that presents a set of information that, while all connected, has no significant order to it's presentation. it is a
collection
of information.
berries
acorns
fish
a sequence text presents a series of dierections or events that MUST follow a set order. this can be presented as
cause/effect, problem/solution.
SEQUENCE TEXT
LIST TEXT - type of description
SPRING
bears emerge from their dens and begin to hunt and look for a mate.
SUMMER
bears find their mate and hunt.
FALL
bears continue to hunt and construct and
enter their winter dens.
WINTER
bears hibernate and have their
cubs.
an argumentative text is working to
persuade
towards a particular side of an issue or
argue
the validity of a topic. both sides of the case should be considered before making a decision.
ARGUMENTATIVE/PERSUASIVE TEXT
for
against
each of these structures fits certain types of texts and not others. you will not see these diagrams when you are reading...but they DO help to visualize how the information is being presented. when doing reseach, it is useful to return to these diagrams to help sort and organize the information.
what bears eat
SHOULD WE HUNT BEARS?
Full transcript