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Queer Theory

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by

Crystal Ramchandani

on 20 January 2014

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Transcript of Queer Theory

Queer Theory
Ramchandani
Sex
Gender vs. Sex
Gender
Culture

Social Construction

Masculine/ Feminine Roles
Biology

Sexual reproductive organs

Female/ Male
The Bugis Society
Society located on the island of Indonesia accepts 5 gender identities
Man
Woman
Calabai
Calalai
Bissu
Homophobia
Definition:
The hatred or fear of homosexuals that can lead to acts of violence and expressions of hostility
Judith Butler: Gender Trouble
Rather than being a fixed attribute in a person, gender should be seen as a fluid variable which shifts and changes in different contexts and at different times
She claimed that sex is seen to cause gender, which causes a desire for the "other" gender
Argues that people put on a gender performance,
Work to change gender norms and the binary relations by taking on performances that deter from the norm
Homosexuality and Religion
The role of religion

Example: Westboro Baptist Church
Website: http://www.godhatesfags.com/
Debate
Argument One:
Argument Two:
Westboro Baptist Church should be considered a hate group
Westboro Baptist Church should have freedom of speech
"Scientific" Impact
Sexual inversion

Seduction theory

Family dynamic theories

Biological studies

Hereditary gene
"Treatments"
Gender Reassignment
Castration or ovary removal
Cauterization
Chastity
Testicle transplants
Psychoanalysis
Psycho-religious therapy
Radiation treatment
Lobotomy
Therapies: prostitution, marriage, aversion, and beauty
Transgender and Intersexuals
Binary tradition

Transgender

Intersexual
Transgender defined: Live their lives in a gender different from their biological one
Intersexual defined: include those who are born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not fit the typical definitions of what it means to be male or female
Case Study: David Reimer
Nature:
Nurture:
Human Rights
Affected Groups in the Past





Transgender Movement

Difference?
Race
Class
Sex
World View
76+ countries where homosexuality is illegal
Hope in the fight of Homophobia
Can we see positive change with the help of…

Activists

International Organizations

Artists, Celebrities, Politicians
Harvey Milk
“The most famous and significantly open LGBT official in the United States” (Anne Kroenenberg)
After 3 attempts won a seat in San Francisco’s Municipal Government
First openly gay politician in the United States
http://gsanetwork.org/files/aboutus/Harvey%20Milk%20may%2022%20stars.jpg
Media/ Celebrity Input
Netflix: Lesbian and Gay as a genre

Ellen DeGeneres – openly gay talk show host

Macklemore and Ryan Lewis – Same Love

• Laws Against Homosexuality
Genetics
Social Experience
Discuss:
Do you think that international organizations have the right to implement their own beliefs on cultures that still frown down upon sexual variance?
Nature vs. Nurture
Would this be too imposing of Western culture?
Queer Theory
Deterring from the norm
"Queer is by definition whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant. There is nothing in particular to which it necessarily refers. It is an identity without an essence."
It's not (necessarily) just a view on sexuality, or gender. It also suggests that the confines of any identity can be reconfigured
"Queer"
Used to insult homosexuals and transvestites previously
LGBT communities adapted this word as something they could be proud of rather than allowing it to shame them
Gender Roles
Talcott Parsons: Sex Role Theory
Structural functionalism argues that the sexual division of labour exists to fulfill necessary functions
Suggests that the nuclear family is the ideal arrangement in modern societies because it fulfills the function of reproducing workers

Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalytic Theories
Emphasized early interactions with parents in determining masculine and feminine personality structures
Gender vs. Sex
Full transcript