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Copy of Dada Presentation

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Penny Soung

on 1 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Dada Presentation

Social Political Climate and its Influence on the Art and Design Never follow any known rules. Dada had only one rule: Protesting bourgeois nationalist (denotes the wealthy) and colonialist interest (essentially, it’s the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples and areas) Dadaist believed these were the root causes of the war PRIZING NON-SENSE IRRATIONALITY REJECTION OF LOGIC CELEBRATING THE AVANT GARDE Dada was born out of a pool of avant-garde painters, poets and filmmakers who flocked to neutral Switzerland before and during WWI. Dada contributors sided with the radical left Dada self-destructed when it was in danger of becoming "Acceptable" The content and concepts focused on anti-war politics with nuances in anti-bourgeois Key Artists and Designers of the Movement Created by a group of artists and poets associated with the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich. ZURICH Berlin Cologne New York Paris Netherlands Yugosalvia Italy Tokyo Ireland Abstraction
Cubism and
To a lesser extent, Futurism. Influence Based on Artistic Style Visual Arts
Art Manifestos
Art Theory
Graphic Design Involved Media Dada represented the opposite of the traditional conventions of art, where art was concerned with aesthetics and Dada was not ART = APPEALED TO THE SENSIBILITIES DADA = INTENDED TO OFFEND DADA BECAME THE GROUND WORK FOR ABSTRACT ART
FLUXUS DADA WAS THE FOUNDATION FOR THE SURREALIST MOVEMENT KEY ARTISTS AND DESIGNERS Hugo Ball Francis Picabia Tristen Tzara Hannah Hoch Kurt Shwitter John Heartfield Hans Arp Emmy Hennings Raoul Hausmann Marcel Duchamp Beatrice Wood George Grosz Marcel Duchamp Background: Cubism > Dadaism > Surrealism Background: Dadaism > Surrealist > Cubism Once known as "Papa Dada" Francis Picabia Greatest contribution is that he single handedly shifted the focus of art away from the strictly visual and onto the mental Best for introducing the “Ready-made” (or Found Object) into art Loved jokes, puns, and challenging others beyond conventional wisdom A man of great humor and wit Cofounded Dada Background: Dada > Surrealism Jean Arp His playful amoeba-like forms had a huge impact on artHe practiced “automatic” (Free-conscious) writing Founded the movement Abstraction-Creation and invented biomorphic sculpture Origin of the Word There are different speculations It originates from the Romanian artist Tristan Tzara and Marcel Jancos Frequent use of the words “DADA” meaning “Yes!” in Romanian During a meeting when a paper knife stuck into a French-German dictionary happened to the word “DADA,” a French word for “HOBBYHORSE” A multicultural nonsense word, essentially mimicking the first sounds a baby would make DADA 1 2 3 Techonology in that Era which influenced the way Dada viewed technology as a key metaphor for modern society; thusly, Dadaist utilized this notion with subversive playfulness. NO Artists and Designers Produced their Work All things from geometric tapestries to glass to plaster and wooden reliefs were fair game. PREDOMINANT MEDIUM Known for his Mechanomorph paintings, which portrayed machine parts in mock portraits. Fascinated by machines as metaphors for the modern world and human behavior Dada art may often reflect the nation of origins’ involvement in the war. German Dada art emphasized machine and military dominance while American Dada art was more humorous and playful. Technology Available in that era which influenced the way artists and designers produced their work
Richter, Hans, and David Britt. Dada, art and anti-art. New York, N.Y.: Thames and Hudson, 1997. Print

Dickerman, Leah, and Brigid Doherty.Dada: Zurich, Berlin, Hannover, Cologne, New York, Paris. Washington [D.C.: National Gallery of Art in association with D.A.P./ Distributed Art Publishers, New York, 2005. Print.

Blythe, Sarah Ganz, and Edward D. Powers. Looking at Dada. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art, 2006. Print.

No Author Stated. "Your Guide to Modern Art" TheArtStory.org. 21 Jan. 2007.

Dan (Contributing writing). "Dada the Art Movement (Or Anti-Art Movement, if you prefer)" Emptyeasel.com. 4 Oct. 2005.

Hoffman, Irene. "Documents of Dada and Surrealism: Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection." artic.edu. 6 Apr. 2004. <http://www.artic.edu/reynolds/essays/hofmann4.php Bibliography
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