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Group A: ADDIE Instructional Design Model
Transcript of Group A: ADDIE Instructional Design Model
•ADDIE is an acronym for analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation; the five stage process of the design model
•ADDIE itself is said to refer to a “family” of models that follows the same or similar concepts/elements.
•The ADDIE model can be traced to a similar model developed by the U.S. Armed Forces in the 1970’s but there is no concrete version.
•While some instructional designers have attempted to retroactively create the model Morrison et al. indicates that this is really just a way of creating their own version of ADDIE.
•In the ADDIE model, “each step has an outcome that feeds into the next step in the sequence” (learning-theories.com).
•It is comprised of 5 components: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. Analysis Phase:
During analysis the designer identifies:
•Goals and objectives
•Other relevant characteristics.
YouTube videos for analysis step: The first components of ADDIE is: Implementation
•During implementation, the plan is put into action and a procedure for training the learner and teacher is developed. Once the training is complete it is evaluated
•The lesson plan is executed.
•Materials are delivered or distributed to the student group.
•Materials are used to see how effective the design to the problem is.
YouTube videos for implementation step: The fourth components of ADDIE is: Evaluation:
Evaluation includes formative evaluations that are done throughout the process and then a summative evaluation after the process is complete to provide guidance for further changes.
Formative Evaluation:The creation of evaluation tools are created to measure and determine the success of the design so that revisions can be made if need be.
•Is the appropriate information included?
•Are goals and objectives clearly defined and communicated?
•Effectiveness at each stage of the design process?
•Conducted after instruction is completed.
•Changes and improvements are based on feedback after measuring the effectiveness of the design.
YouTube videos for evaluation step: The fifth components of ADDIE is: Applying the ADDIE Model
The ADDIE model describes an ideal-world methodology. It assumes that training specialists will have plenty of time to create a great training program. Unfortunately, that's not always the case. With an urgent training project, you have to balance quality and timeliness.
The ADDIE instructional design model represents a complete instructional design workflow. It has built-in planning activities, quality assurance checkpoints, and feedback cycles. Sometimes, it's not possible to delay the training project's go-live date. Then the question becomes, "What can we do in the time that we have?"
Balance Risks and CostsBecause the ADDIE model builds each subsequent step from previous steps, skipping one step can create ripple effects throughout the entire process. While it takes more time to properly plan and execute a training project, it will substantially reduce the risk and the cost of errors. Like every business decision, you have to weigh risks and make a choice. However, it's best to be informed and make an educated choice. The second components of ADDIE is: Design Phase
•Detailed view of the learning objectives and how it will be presented such as use of technology
•A systematic process of specifying learning objectives.
•Detailed storyboards and prototypes are often made
•Look and feel, graphic design, user-interface and content is determined here.
•Create solutions through subject matter analysis; lesson planning and media selections and resources.
YouTube videos for design step: The third components of ADDIE is: Development
•Development is the process of putting the material and content together
•The actual creation (production) of the content and learning materials based on the Design phase.
•Develop lesson plans that involves detailed procedures to be implemented
•Actual resources determined in the design phase that will be used to solve the problem identified from the analysis phase.
YouTube videos for development step: Compare the model to Morrison
et al.’s (2012) model in your text Morrison et al.’s model and the ADDIE model are similar. Morrison et al.’s model covers similar concepts to those that ADDIE outlines and they are comprised of similar components.
Learners = Analysis/Design
Objectives = Design/Development
Methods = Implementation
Evaluation = Evaluation
The same concepts and components are present in each model, and in comparison there is some overlap i.e. Design can be considered a part of both the Learner and Objective elements of Morrison et al.’s model. Both models use a similar ordering of components to organize the process and complete the design. Discuss when and under what circumstances you might use this model The ADDIE model is thought of as the “standard” or “general” design. This model, or variations of it would be considered or employed in most circumstances. The steps of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation are useful and necessary for successful design of programming. An instance when there may considerable time or geographical constraints that do not allow for a thorough analysis of learners, needs, venue, subject etc. and information gathering prior to design.
This model can be applied to many aspects of out lives in the workplace and in education. Any workplace that has any new change will require the company to go through these components to make sure workers understand the changes that may be involved. You could use this model for when curriculum requirements change for the course or for curriculum courses that are continuously changing, such as anything involving technology. The model in Morrison et al is cyclic in nature, which allows for more flexibility unlike the ADDIE model that builds upon each previous step. Morrison et al is broken down into more detailed steps but overall, all the main steps are the same.
The ADDIE design method is used for various teachings such as training, teaching doctors, high school teaching, teaching children how to draw, military training, etc.
The following websites offer more information:
• youtube video:
(explaining the ADDIE concept) Please find a flow chart to help demonstrate the ADDIE model.