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Describe Relationships Among Ideas (Cause-and-Effect, Sequence, Comparison)

Lesson 25
by

Stacie Garrett-Diaz

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Describe Relationships Among Ideas (Cause-and-Effect, Sequence, Comparison)

Understand the TEKS
Cause &
Describe Relationships Among Ideas
Comprehension
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
4.11(C) Describe explicit and implicit relationships among ideas in texts organized by cause-and-effect, sequence, or comparison.
Words to Know
To Better Understand What you Read
Effect
Cause
Read the Sentence
Sequence
*Sometimes you have to read between the lines and determine cause and effect for yourself.
Comparison & Contrast
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Preheat the oven to 350' before you put the chicken in to cook.
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Here are some words
Lesson 25
Some words signal
Questions?
When you
compare
, you show how things are alike.
You identify similarities.
When you
contrast
, you show how things are different.
You identify differences.
The twins were identical in appearance, but once you got past the way they looked, the similarities stopped. Their personalities couldn't have been more different.
Figure 19(D) Make inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding.
A
cause
explains why somethings happens.
It is the reason.
When you ask, "Why?" you are asking about the cause.
An
effect
shows what happened.
It is the result.
Chelsea canceled her trip to the beach because it looked like it was going to rain.
Read the Sentence
What should you do first -- preheat the oven or put the chicken in it?
Sequence shows the order of events or the steps in a process.
It shows when events happen or when to do things.
*as a result
Look for signal words that help you identify the relationship between ideas.
Questions?
Here are some words that
after
*alike
Here are some words that
(Cause-and-Effect, Sequence, Comparison)
Cause
Sequence
Compare
Contrast
Effect
Look at the way ideas and information are connected. Writers organize text to show these relationships or connections. We will look at some examples of organizational patterns writer might use.
Effect
*Sometimes the author clearly states
the cause and effect.
*Why did Chelsea cancel her trip to the beach?
_______________________________
Write your answer in you IAN
Chelsea looked out the window. The sky was gray and the clouds were gathering overhead. "Well, we won't be going to the beach today," she said.
In these sentences, the author does not directly tell you the cause and effect. However, by looking at the details -- gray sky, clouds gathering overhead -- you can infer the cause. It looked like rain.
cause and effect
*since
*lead to
*for that reason
*because
How are the twins alike?
_____________________

How are the twins different?
_____________________
An author may directly tell you how two things are alike or different or you may have to read between the lines to figure it out for yourself.
*similarly
*similar
*in the same way
*like
*as
signal a comparison
signal a contrast
*although
*on the other hand
*in contrast
*however
*but
that signal sequence:
first
later
second
finally
last
next
while
Tip
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