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Arab Spring and its effects on the Middle East with a focus

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Ben Halpern

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Arab Spring and its effects on the Middle East with a focus

The Syrian civil war grew out of a popular uprising against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad in March 2011, part of the Arab Spring uprisings.
A series of anti-government protests across the Arab world were inspired by the fall of the Tunisian regime in early 2011.
The brutal response of the security forces against the initially peaceful protests demanding democratic reform and an end to repression triggered a violent reaction.
An armed rebellion against the regime soon took hold across Syria, dragging the country into a full-scale civil war.
The "Spark"
The Arab Spring is a series of anti-government uprisings in various countries in North Africa and the Middle East, beginning in Tunisia in December 2010.
On December 17, 2010, a Tunisian street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi had his fruit and vegetable cart confiscated by a municipal employee because it was not licensed. As this cart was the sole source of income for his family, he set himself on fire in front of the town's city hall in protest of his desperate situation.
Bouazizi's actions sparked a series of uprisings in Tunisia, beginning the "Jasmine Revolution", which would lead to the toppling of the regime, and a domino effect of chain uprisings in surrounding countries

The Arab Spring and its Effects on the Middle East with a focus on the Civil War in Syria
What is the Arab Spring?
wreckage from the area of Bouazizi's self-immolation
Egypt's Role in the Arab Spring
Starting in Tunisia, the Arab Spring then moved on to Yemen and Egypt, where the people looked to change the government
For years Hosni Mubarak ruled over the Egyptian people. The Arab Spring gave a voice to those advocating for his impeachment
After 18 days of demonstrations, Mubarak stepped down and Mohammed Morsi succeeded him
On July 3, Morsi was also toppled and was incarcerated on the accusation of smuggling terrorists out of prison
the army took control of the government, and general Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi is now running for president
Civil War
US Involvement
In many cases, the United States supported rebellions in other countries that fought to overthrow corrupted governments, such as in Libya and Egypt. However, in the case of Syria the US tried a different approach, as stated in President Obama's State of the Union Address.
US Support
Barack Obama stated that he wouldn't take open- ended action as he had done in Libya, yet he was forced to respond to the use of chemical weapons on innocent civilians. Otherwise, terrorist groups such as Al Quaeda would use this uncontrolled chaos to gain power and strength in the region. Because of this, the President authorized the sending of U.S. weapons to support the rebels and the fight against the oppressive government.
Why is this important to the United States?
The Arab Spring has caused instability in the Middle East, as well as being the source of many current rebellions. It has greatly changed the governments of various countries. This violence could possibly escalate and cause an attack on the western countries, but that is very unlikely. However, if this becomes reality, then we are prepared. This is one of the reasons for United States' interest in these changes in government.
How is the Syrian Civil War being addressed?
President Obama urges the United States to push for a victory for Syrian rebels by supplying them with better weapons and the help of drones.
In contrast, Obama does not want to deploy American troops to Syria because he is afraid of starting a third World War.
This time what will happen to the government is in the hands of the people.
Ideas on How To Resolve the Syrian Civil War
1. Form an armistice and split Syria into two individual countries.
2. Assemble a Syrian Peace Conference with many other countries being represented.
3. Take Assad out of power, elect a new leader, and form a new government.
4. Take away military power from both the Rebels and the Regime until the war ends.
5. Try to unite country as a whole by creating a new, larger conflict.
Websites useful for the order of events
If you can read this you
have really good eyes
Full transcript