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Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Social Cognitivism

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Kurt Love

on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Social Cognitivism

Learning Theories & Teaching
Behaviorism, Cognition & Social Learning
Behaviorism
Cognitivism
Social Cognitivism
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
a conditioned stimulus (ringing of bell) signals the occurrence of a unconditioned stimulus (food), which leads to an unconditioned response (salivation), which eventually allows for the conditioned stimulus to produce a conditioned response (salivation) without the presence of the unconditioned stimulus (food).
Changing one's behaviors through a series of reinforcements (positive = rewards, negative = removal of something aversive) and/or punishments (positive = adding an aversive element, negative = taking away a positive element)
What are different teaching methods that employ different versions of behaviorism?
James Watson
B.F. Skinner

What are teaching methods that employ social learning theory?
Albert Bandura
Live model
Person demonstrates behavior
Verbal Instruction
Person describes behavior and provides instruction that helps another person perform that behavior
Symbolic
Behavior is modeled via a form of media (e.g. video, radio, internet, etc.)
Unlike Behaviorism, Cognitive Learning assumes that we have mental processes including attention, memory, language acquisition, solving problems, and decision-making.
Rehearsal
Mnemonic Devices
What are examples of cognitive techniques used in your subject area?
Self-Questioning
Note-Taking
Reciprocal Teaching
Kurt Love, Ph.D.
HOW DO
I LEARN?

Lev Vigotsky
Attention:
A learner focuses on the subject, which is allows for understanding to eventually occur
Observational Learning
Retention:
A thought/idea remains in the learner's mind
Reproduction:
Learner is able to perform or describe a concept. This can deepen retention.
Motivation:
Having the desire to imitate the behavior
Modeling Process
A Foundation of
Constructivism
Jean Piaget
Full transcript