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Sex and Gender 101

ISU World Issues Project Heteronormativity
by

Sarah Pickard

on 15 January 2015

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Transcript of Sex and Gender 101

Gender Identity
Gender and Orientation 101
The 101 of 101 (aka The Basics)
Sexual Orientation and Romantic Orientation
Stav Strashko
Ruby Rose
Heteronormativity
Not The Same Thing, But Working Together!
Gender
Orientation
Behaviour
Romantic
Orientation
You
Sexual Attraction
Romantic Attraction
Heterosexual
Heterosexual
H
o
m
o
s
e
x
u
a
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P
o
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x
u
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P
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x
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A
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d
r
o
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x
u
a
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G
y
n
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e
x
u
a
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Heteromantic
Heteromantic
H
o
m
o
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o
m
a
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t
i
c
P
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y
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P
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G
y
n
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m
a
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Attraction to another gender
A
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m
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f
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G
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t
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Experience
No
Attraction
"Heteronormativity is the belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (
man
and
woman
) with natural roles in life. It asserts that
heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation
or only norm, and states that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of
opposite sexes
." Google Define

S
o
,
h
o
w
'
d
y
o
u
l
i
k
e
t
h
e
c
l
o
s
e
t
?

Coming out

NEVER ENDS
You have to come out to
everyone
you meet.
"Why make such a big deal?"
"Why did you have to tell me?"
"So, wait, what?"
"I literally don't care."
"I've never heard of that."
"You know that's just made up, right?"
"Ugh, why do you even need a label?"
"You're just trying to be gay."
"You can't be gay, you've had a boyfriend."
"Oh honey, it's just a phase."
"I support you, but not your lifestyle."
"The bible says..."
"You'll never get married."
"Why do that to yourself?
"But I want grandchildren!"
"Uh..."
"You're kidding, right?"
"Oh my god, me too!"
"I kinda figured."
"I still love you!"
"Oh, I've heard of that!"
"Can you tell me more?"
"Thank god, I thought I was the only queer here."
"I'm glad you figured yourself out."
"Wait, that's a thing? Really? Cool."
"That's so cool!"
"Doesn't bother us."
"Thank you for telling me."
"So?"
"Ok?"
"Yeah, that makes sense."
"So what can I do?"
"Great, so, have you seen my keys?"
Casual Heteronormativity
Homophobia
"So, do you have a boyfriend?"
Health Class
"Everyone will have sex at some point."
"Boys have a penis, girls have a vagina."
"The penis goes in the vagina."
"Condoms are the only protection."
"Gender and sex are the same thing."
Homophobic slurs
Physical violence
Rejection
Exclusion
Suppression
Homophobic cyber-bullying or “outing” (For example, on Facebook)
Homophobic websites
"I would hate it if there were a lesbian in here."
"Oh my god, do you have a crush on me?"
Boys Vs. Girls
Gym Classes
Change Rooms
Sports Teams
Health Classes
Class Activities
Washrooms
Boys

Vs.

Girls
Gym Classes
Change Rooms
Sports Teams
Health Classes
Class Activities
Washrooms
"That's so gay."
"But you're a girl? Like, biologically?"
She/They
http://houseofalexzander.com/
Genderfluid
Genderfluid
http://prince-kel.com/
They
Genderfluid
Agender
"I'm done with dating, I'm asexual now."
"Being gay is
disgusting
."
"Being gay is against god's will."
"How many kids do you want?"
"Bisexual are just slutty."
Consequences of Homophobia on LGBT Youth
"But what were you
born
with?"
So, what does it all mean?
Biological Sex and Intersex
“Intersex”
is
a

general
term
used for
a
variety

of
conditions
in which
a
person

is
born
with a
reproductive
or

sexual
anatomy
that

doesn’t
seem
to

fit
the
typical definitions
of
female

or
male.
Not XX and not XY
Klinefelter (XXY)
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Late onset adrenal hyperplasia
Vaginal agenesis
Ovotestes
Idiopathic (no discernable medical cause)
Complete gonadal dysgenesis
Hypospadias (urethral opening in perineum or along penile shaft)
Hypospadias (urethral opening between corona and tip of glans penis)
Total number of people whose bodies differ from standard male or female
Total number of people receiving surgery to “normalize” genital appearance
1 in 1666
1 in 1,000
1 in 13,000
1 in 13,000
1 in 66
1 in 6,000
1 in 83,000
1 in 110,000
1 in 150,000
1 in 2,000
1 in 770
1 in 100
1 or 2 in 1,000

Genital Corrective Surgery
Doctors often press for genital reassignment surgery of Intersex infants, citing 'psychological health' as an excuse.

There is no proof this does any good, but significant proof this does harm.

Case: David Reimer
Heteronormativity tells us that
straight
and
cisgender
are the norm, and creates an enviroment where homophobia and transphobia can flourish as ways of enforcing this norm.

We cannot truly get rid of either until we create a society where
there is no norm
, or the norm acknowledges that
there are other options
and these are both
normal
and
awesome
.
What can YOU do?
Watch out for heteronormative language in everyday speech
Ask about partners, not boyfriends or girlfriends
Don't refer to an 'opposite gender' or 'opposite sex'
All
genders, not
both
genders
Don't assume all people want sexual and/or romantic relationships
Remember not everyone identifies as a boy or girl
Past preformance may not be a predictor of future results
Ask people about their pronouns, not about their genitals
USE people's pronouns
"Proper" grammer is not more important than someone's comfort so stop using that as an excuse
Accept you will never know everything, but make an effort to keep learning
Listen to queer people talk about their experiences
without
talking over them
Try and challenge the notions of gender
Be open and accepting of people's gender presentations
Don't assume anyone's sexuality or gender upon meeting them, no matter what they look or act like
T
r
a
n
sg
e
n
d
er
Pronouns
He/Him/His/His/Himself
She/Her/Hers/Hers/Herself
They/Them/Their/Theirs/Themself
Ne/Nem/Nir/Nirs/Nemself
Ve/Ver/Vis/Vis/Verself
Ey/Em/Eir/Eirs/Emself
Ze/Hir/Hir/Hirs/Ze/Hirself
Ze/Zir/Zir/Zirs/Zirself
Traditional
Invented
How To Ask People About Their Pronouns!
"Hi, my name is (blank), I use feminine pronouns."

"Hey, can I get your pronouns real quick?"

"Do you have a preferred pronoun?"
Always Be Polite!
How old were you when you lost your penis?
May I inquire to the status of your genitals?
How do you have sex?
Which bathroom do you use?
When is the surgery?
Are you sure you aren't just gay?
What's your real name? No, your birth name.
Can I see pictures of you before you transitioned?
Am I still straight if I want to f*ck you?
If you did (insert action) a certain way, you would be more masculine/feminine.
When did you become transgendered?
I can still see the woman/man in you.
I feel sorry for your parents/children/spouse.
So you're a boy/girl now?
So you're like, super gay now.
Things You Never Say. Ever.
Seriously Payten.
"
D
e
n
ot
i
n
g

or

r
e
l
at
i
n
g

to

a
p
e
rs
o
n
w
ho
s
e
s
el
f
-
i
de
n
t
i
ty

d
o
e
s n
o
t
c
on
f
o
r
m u
n
a
m
bi
g
u
o
us
l
y
t
o c
o
n
v
en
t
i
o
na
l
n
o
ti
o
n
s

of

m
a
l
e o
r
f
e
ma
l
e
g
e
n
d
er
.
"
G
oo
g
l
e

De
f
i
n
e
0.3% = 21,000,000 (21 million) or The Population of Romania
"Are you sure?"
"We still support you."
"Cool bruh."
"Welcome to the Queer parade."
H
o
w
d
i
d

i
t

e
n
d
?

Female
Male
Bi-Gender
Tri-Gender
Gender-Fluid
Agender
Genderqueer
Androgynous
Two-Spirit
Non-Binary
Any Questions?
Any Questions?
All Homophobia is first caused by the assumption that a person is straight
All
Homophobia is first caused by the
assumption that a person is straight
Payten
Casey and Alex
Sammi
Chris
Sam
Mr. Tutty
Payten
Casey and Alex
Sammi
Chris
Sam
Mr. Tutty
You May Now Applaud.
Full transcript