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1.3 - Research Methods
Transcript of 1.3 - Research Methods
What is the problem we are trying to explain?
The explanation we propose.
Theory-based answer to the question that interests us.
Factors important in our theory.
Variables come in three "flavors":
Ideal way to test a hypothesis...
Remember, your quiz opens in Carmen on Friday and ends Sunday.
Get in touch if you have questions.
Comparative politics relies on the
"Tools for people who want to do political science good, and do other science good, too."
Omitted Variable Bias
Spuriousness 2: Reverse Causation
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Use many cases
Use just a few cases
Most different systems design:
same outcome, different attributes
Most similar systems design:
different outcome, similar attributes
Challenges in using the scientific method in comparative politics:
-- What do we mean when we say democracy?
-- How do we measure democracy?
-- and thus politics -- are constantly changing.
Theory = systematic explanation of some phenomenon.
Conceptualization: What is democracy?
Measurement: How do we measure it?
Where do we start?
Does correlation = causation?
Ask a Question
Do Background Research
Construct a Hypothesis
Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
Communicate Your Results
North vs. South Korea
What explains the outbreak of the Syrian civil war?
1) State 1-2 hypotheses.
2) What are your independent variables?
3) What evidence would you need?
4) What challenges might you face in collecting this evidence?
What's the puzzle here?
We examine theories that are:
A good theory is...