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Bauhaus

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Burak Şahbaz

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Bauhaus

Bauhaus = Building House What is Bauhaus ? For some, the Bauhaus is synonymous with the greater term modernism. For others, the Bauhaus is a type of font or an architectural design style. For the design student, the Bauhaus Movement is considered one of the most important design movements in the twentieth century. Bauhaus was a design school that emerged in Germany in 1919. Bauhaus designers and their students broke from tradition and developed a very modernist style. Their primary intention was to integrate art, technology and craftsmanship by ignoring precedent and generating a new design philosophy. The innovative ideas ranged from architecture to furniture design to typography. They believed that design of any sort ought to be considered a high art as does painting or sculpture. The Bauhaus School The school existed in three German cities and functioned with three different directors. The first location of the Bauhaus was in
Weimar. (1919) The Bauhaus manifesto proclaimed that the ultimate aim of all creative activity is ''the building''. New students immediately participated in building projects. Emphasis on creative new design style determined. Functional, cheap and consistent with mass production. The School was perceiped as too liberal by the city of Weimar and was forced to leave for Dessau. The second location of Bauhaus is Dessau.
1925 Hannes Mayer became the second director Gropius resigned. The basic course was extended to a year from 6 months and the program was consolidated and structured. Style centered more on measurements off the self architectural components. Communist inclination spilled in Bauhaus which lead to his termination. Hannes Mayer and Gropius were removed due to their political views. They moved to Berlin. The first director and founder was a man named Walter Gropius Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
1930-1933 Principles of Bauhaus - Mass production over individual craftsmanship.
- Synthesis of fine and applied arts.
- Through experience with materials.
- A forward-thinking over an academically qualified faculty, including purely creative artists as spiritual counterpoints to the practical technicians.
-Simplicity.
-Gestalt Principles. Influence on Bauhaus Teaching Crew Johannes Itten(Swiss Painter) Gerhard Marcks - German Sculptor Lyonel Feininger - German Amarican Painter Wassily Kandinsky - Russian Painter Oscar Schlemmer
Geman Painter, Sculptor and Designer Paul Klee - Swiss Painter Graphic Design in Bauhaus Furniture Style in Bauhaus Architecture Constructivism Modernism World War I Masters on the Roof From left to right: Josef Albers, Hinnerk Scheper, Georg Muche, László Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer, Joost Schmidt, Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, Gunta Stölzl, Oskar Schlemmer. December 5, 1926 First Floor Plan Bauhaus Building Complex Dessau Germany 1926 Herbert Matter's posters Bauhaus Exibition Poster Advertisement Poster The Wassily Chair designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925 Mies van der Rohe Bauhaus Armchair
Designed for the Bauhaus in 1927 Josef Albers (American, b. Germany, 1888-1976) The National Socialist Party (Nazis) forced the closure of the school in 1932. The Bauhaus Gropius House in Lincoln, Massachusetts (1937) The Farnsworth House - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Illinois-USA 1946 The Miller House 1937 California Philip Johnson's Glass House (Massachusetts 1949) Seagram Building 1957 NY Williams Tower 1983 Houston Texas The Lovell House 1929 LA Bauhaus Dessau Building 1925 Walter Groupius Mies Van Der Rohe Walter Groupius Wassily Kandinsky Thanks for listening
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