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Navidad en el mundo hispano
Transcript of Navidad en el mundo hispano
Major dates celebrated throughout Spanish-speaking countries...
December 24th: Nochebuena
This day begins the Christmas season in various Spanish speaking countries such as Spain, Chile, Venezula, Colombia, and Peru. It is also known as Feast of the Immaculate Conception.
December 8th: Immaculada
Nochebuena, commonly known as Christmas Eve, is one of the most important dates of the Christmas season. Hispanics normally go to mass, called "Misa de Gallo". Hispanics celebrate Nochebuena by having parties, food, and quality family time. There is not a large emphasis on Christmas Day, as there is in the United States.
December 28th: Santos Inocentes
This is the equivalent of April Fool's Day in the United States.
December 31st- Nochevieja
Known as New Year's Eve. Several Hispanic countries have a tradition of eating 12 grapes for good luck. The twelve grapes represent the twelve bell strikes at midnight.
January 6th- Día de los Reyes Magos
On this day, Three Kings Day, the three wise men deliver gifts to the children. They are seen as Santa Claus. Instead of leaving cookies and milk, the children leave hay for the Wise Men's camels.
Christmas in Spanish speaking countries is very important and is a widely celebrated holiday. Most Latinos are Roman Catholic, therefore this holiday is deeply rooted by religion. The Virgin Mary plays an important role in their religion.
Hogueras - In some cities in Spain they celebrate the winter solstice by having "hogueras," also known as bonfires.
Important dates to Spain:
Lotería de Navidad is the annual lottery in Spain. It is put on by the government. This awards several Spaniards various amounts of money. The largest prize is called "El Gordo," meaning the Fat One.
Traditions in Spain:
On Immaculada, in Seville, there is a cermony called Los Seises, "dance of the six". This is a dance performance made up of ten boys, not six.
History of Navidad in Cuba:
Cuba was recognized as an atheist country in 1962. In 1969, Fidel Castro removed Christmas from the calendar because it was interfering with the sugar harvest. Eventually, in 1997, Castro reinstated Christmas after the Pope visited Cuba.
Traditions in Cuba:
Most Cubans prepare a unique, roasted pig called "lechon asado," for their Christmas Eve dinner. They also serve a dish called "moros y cristianos," which are black beans and rice. Cuban cider and mojitos are the ideal beverages.
Important dates in Puerto Rico:
Nine days before Christmas, Puerto Ricans attend early morning masses called "Misas de Aguinald", which means the Mass of the Carols.
This marks the start of Octavitas. These are the eight days of adoration. They use this time to see the remainder of family and friends and to party.
Vocabulary words for Navidad
New Year's Eve
The Three Kings Day
black beans and rice
gathering, group of friends
Navidad in Puerto Rico:
Puerto Ricans celebrate Christmas from Thanksgiving to the middle of January. They have one of the longest Christmas celebrations. They have a tradition of caroling throughout the streets late at night. The carols are composed of six-syllable verse lines.
Reason for the season...
History of Argentina:
Argentina has similar traditions to most Hispanic countries, but their culture also has European influences due to immigrants after World War II.
Traditions in Argentina:
Argentina is a diverse nation. The traditional Latin American traditions mix with European traditions. It is common to see Christmas trees and children writing letters to Papa Noel.
Food and festivities
Since the weather is warmer in Argentina during Navidad, they are able to have "parrillas", better known as barbeques. Pan dulce, a sweet bread, is also common.
A popular tradition in Argentina is the release of "globos". These paper lanterns are released on Christmas Eve.
Navidad is supposedly the date of the birth of El Niño Jesus. During Navidad, family and friends generally gather together and exchange gifts to celebrate the birth of El Niño Jesus.
Dias de Reyes
Las Mis de Gallo
El Nino Jesus
moros y critanos
Most Latinos are Roman what?
What do Spanish speaking people call Santa Claus?
Where do they have "parrillas," or barbecues?
When do the Puerto Ricans start to celebrate Christmas?
In what year did Fidel Castro remove Christmas from the calendar?