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Transcript of Timeline
Jodie McCutcheon Presented by: General History 1916-1920 1921-1925 1926-1930 The beginnings of Occupational Therapy
1910-1930 OT 4013 - Foundational Bases and Occupational Therapy Processes
September 21st, 2012 Crepeau, E.B., Cohn, E.S., & Schell, B.A. (2009). Willard and Spackman’s occupational therapy (11th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Kearney, P. (2005, January 15) The influence of competing paradigms on occupational therapy education: A brief history. Retrieved from http://www.newfoundations.com/History/OccTher.html.
Mansfield, J. A. (n.d.). Recreation therapy- 1800s to 1939. Retrieved from http://recreationtherapy.com/history/rthistory2.htm
Quiroga, V. A. M. (1995). Occupational therapy, the first 30 years 1900 to 1930. Amer Occupational Therapy Assn. References Occupational Therapy Literature Eleanor Clarke Slagle -
Mother of Occupational Therapy
William Rush Dunton -
Father of Occupational Therapy
Adolph Meyer -
Susan Tracy -
considered the first occupational therapist Before we get started... ...you need to know: Effects of industrialization and urbanization
Titanic sinks (1912)
Henry Ford - assembly line (1913) "Studies in Invalid Occupations - A Manual for Nurses and Assistants" by Susan Tracy (1910)
"Occupational Therapy - A Manual for Nurses" by William Dunton (1915)
"The Work of Our Hands - A Study of Occupations for Invalids" by Herbert Hall (1915) 1910 1915 1913 1910:
Reba Cameron began a course in occupation to train her nurses
Eleanor Slagle enrolled in Lanthrop's first course in "curative occupations and recreations" 1911:
Dunton taught "occupation and recreation" for nurses at Sheppard Enoch Pratt Asylum (SEPA)
Slagle conducted a class similar to Lanthrop's at State Hospital in Newberry, MI
Tracy conducted first course in occupation at Massachusetts General Hospital Training School for Nurses Sheppard Enoch Pratt Asylum 1912:
Dunton in charge of "occupations and recreation program at SEPA 1914:
Barton coined the term "occupational therapy"
Tracy stated: "each patient is considered in light of his threefold personality - body, mind, and spirit" 1915:
Slagle organized first professional school for occupational therapists (Chicago) Literature Occupational Therapy United States enters World War I (1917)
moved the field in a new direction
19th Ammendment (1920)
women can vote! "Carry On - A Magazine on the Reconstruction of Disabled Soldiers and Sailors" by Red Cross (1918-1919)
"Reconstruction Therapy" by Dunton (1919) General History Literature Occupational Therapy General History Literature Occupational Therapy Emergency Quota Act (1921)
Teapot Dome Scandal (1923)
Immigration Act Basic Law (1924) First issue of "Archives of Occupational Therapy" (1922) Amelia Earhart flies solo across Atlantic Ocean (1928)
Steamboat Willie (1928)
Great Depression (1929) "Prescribing Occupational Therapy" by Dunton (1928)
Potts Memorial Hospital in Livingston, NY began using recreational therapy (1926)
Olive View Sanatorium in CA began using activity therapy 1916 1920 1918 reconstruction aides 1917
National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy (NSPOT) formed!!
1st NSPOT meeting held in Clifton Springs, NY (March 15) 1918
St. Louis School for Reconstruction Aides opened
Menninger Clinic opened
First National Recreation Congress held
2nd NSPOT meeting - first universal definition of Occupational Therapy 1919
St. Louis School for Reconstruction Aides changed its name to St. Louis School of Recreational and Occupational Therapy 1920
National Association of Ex-Military Reconstruction Aides formed
Vocational Rehabilitation Act passed Focus on education and framework
NSPOT changed its name to American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) (1923)
Archives of Occupational Therapy changed its name to Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation